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VISUAL DOCUMENTS IN THE PRESS Front covers, maps, cartoons and photographs.

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Presentation on theme: "VISUAL DOCUMENTS IN THE PRESS Front covers, maps, cartoons and photographs."— Presentation transcript:

1 VISUAL DOCUMENTS IN THE PRESS Front covers, maps, cartoons and photographs

2 Illustration from United Mine Workers Journal. Indianapolis, Indiana. August 3, 1916. AFTER TWO YEARS: WHO WANTS ME?. In the top left hand corner a man, holding a book, is gazing at the letters of the title. In the very top, above the title, the miners motto is printed. In the top part of the page, the title is printed in black and white capital letters/ block letters/ upper case. An illustration, featuring the allegory of death striding across a field of miners and holding a scythe, is inset in the middle of the page. The background is made up of an engraving representing an industrial city. At the bottom of the page, the details of the publication are given (place and date). On each side of the inset/ frame, a white cloud may conjure up/ evoke the pollution due to intensive mining and industrialisation.

3 THE COVER The layout: mise en page The masthead: the "banner" across the front page which identifies the newspaper and the date of publication ; the publication information on the editorial page A perfect balance between text and photographs enables the readers to assess the reliability of the information and to read in an entertaining way. An insight is given into the main articles in the issue: the lead (first sentences of an article) or the opening paragraphs of features are printed on the front page. Much space is allotted to the photograph illustrating the article on Kuwait. Two salient headlines are printed on each part of the main photograph as well as the deck, or subtitle.

4 Quality papers Which of these elements may help you gauge the reliability of a paper ? -The space devoted to colour photographs -The table of content -The phrasing (formulation) of the headlines -The typography -The format of the pages -The price of the issue -The graphs and tables inset in the articles -The figures or quotations given to back up the demonstrations -The names of the columnist -The tone of the editorial

5 Write a brief description of this cover. Since Sept. 11, 2001, the top-secret world created to respond to the terrorist attacks has grown into an unwieldy enterprise spread over 10,000 U.S. locations.

6 Giving into sensationalism Sensationalize a story Attention-grabbing details Tear-jerking stories The emotional appeal of close- ups Unnewsworthy stories Sympathize with the victims Spice up a story with lurid details on Trivialisation of Scaremongering (causing unwarranted fears over) Downgrade a paper (bring a paper further down-market)

7 News magazine Ex: Newsweek Founded by Thomas J.C. Martyn, a former foreign editor at Time magazine, Newsweek was first published on Feb. 17, 1933. Today, Newsweek has a worldwide circulation of more than 4 million. Content: Newsweek offers comprehensive coverage of world events with a global network of correspondents, reporters and editors covering national and international affairs, business, science and technology, society and the arts and entertainment. Newsweek also features respected commentators offers the weekly magazine online, daily news updates, Web- only columns from Newsweek's top writers, photo galleries, audio and video reports from correspondents, podcasts, mobile content and archives. Newsweek's editorial staff is based in New York. Like many news magazine, News week targets middle-aged male readers mainly. Its readership is mostly upper middle-class.

8 News magazine Worthnoticing on this cover are: -The eye-catching masthead: the white letters stand out very clearly against the red stripe; red can also be found in the bottom part of the page, which gives the price of the paper. -The banner headline set in very large white letters that match the photograph. -The photograph of Berlusconi illustrating the headline perfectly (pursed lips, tense wrinkled face, weary eyes). -A second top story, or feature story is advertised in the very top part of the page.


10 Source: Audit Bureau of Circulations 2008 figures based on publishers statements for the first half of 2008


12 Two issues on Global Warming

13 Tabloids

14 Studying Maps: Which aspects of the article is illustrated by the map? Is the map supporting one particular view point or is it neutral? Is the map clear enough ? Are the colours well-chosen? Do they have an illustrative funvtion or are they arbitrary? Are the legends illuminating, easily understandable and comprehensive? Is there another text surrounding the map? Are there symbols and if it is the case are they relevant? Is the scale indicated? Is it well adapted? Is there a second map, either more general or an enlargement that facilitates the understanding? Is the map visually catchy?

15 Maps An aerial view of / an overall view of / a closer view of / to zoom in on a conflict- ridden part of the country Borders signalled by thick lines / dotted lines Areas may be outlined or coloured (the colours must be telling) Mountainous areas appear in different shades of brown The delineation/ mapping may be simplified The major communication routes (highways, railways, thoroughfares, etc.) may be featured Rivers may be included

16 Cartoons, Sunday 29 March 2009 A LAUGHABLE SITUATION BE THE LAUGHING STOCK OF TURN SOMEONE INTO RIDICULE MAKE FUN OF SOMEONE DISTORT THE FEATURES OF CARICATURE SOMEONES BEHAVIOUR MAKE SOMEONE LOOK LIKE… Brown is portrayed as Superman with blown- up muscles. Brown is depicted as a super hero. The cartoonist provides the viewers with a laughable portrait of PM Gordon Brown. Brown looks terribly ridiculous, fat and overweight as he is.

17 The political context of the cartoon British Prime Minister Gordon Brown triggered laughter in parliament on Wednesday when he accidentally said he had saved the world during questions about the global financial crisis. The gaffe was seized on by Brown's political opponents and by newspaper cartoonists, who depict him as "Super Gordon," the economic savior who is convinced only he can deliver the world from the financial turmoil.

18 PHOTOGRAPHS: going against the trend Left: President-elect Barack Obama spent election night in his hometown of Chicago with a close group of family and staff. (Daily News)

19 British soldier killed in Afghanistan, Thursday 1 April, The Guardian

20 Heat wave in Russia: text and image In a piece of news that may sound bizarre to some, record- breaking temperatures in Russia are causing a rash of deaths by drowning. Over 1,200 have drowned recently, sometimes combining swimming with alcohol to seek relief from temperatures approaching 40C (104F). An official from Russias Emergencies Ministry attributed most of the drowning deaths to this dangerous mix.

21 Text and image A Russian man watches a forest fire burn in Beloomut. Photograph: Andrey Smirnov/AFP/Getty Images The death toll from hundreds of wildfires across Russia rose to 34 today as more than 2,200 people were left homeless. Whole settlements have been engulfed by the flames, caused by an unprecedented heatwave in which temperatures have reached 42C in central and western parts of the country. State media showed footage of burning cottages, and groups of residents passing buckets of water from hand to hand. Several villages in the Nizhny Novgorod, Voronezh and Ryazan regions were reduced to drifts of ash. One man showed the melted engine of his car.

22 News footage

23 Charts Pay attention to: The title given to the chart: is it an interpretation of the chart or a mere descriptive element? The type of chart (bar chart, a pie chart) and the colours that are used; The time span or the period over which the study was conducted; The source of the information: is it visible and reliable? The geographical scope of the research; The sampling; The relation with the other elements on the page.

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