Presentation on theme: "Disaster Management in Education - National Perspective"— Presentation transcript:
1 Disaster Management in Education - National Perspective GoI – UNDP, DRM Programme
2 Disasters both manmade and natural have affected mankind since time in memorial
3 Some recent disasters….. Earthquake in Pakistan – 2005Earthquake and tsunami in the Indian coastGujarat EarthquakeFloods in Mumbai, West BengalCyclone: Rita, Wilma etc…..Fire: Kumbakonam, DabwaliTerrorist attack: ChechnyaAnd the list goes on and on……………
4 Disasters occur in varied forms Some are predictable in advance Some are annual or seasonal Some are sudden and unpredictable Floods Days and weeks Earthquakes Seconds/minutes Cyclones Days Droughts Months
6 57% of the land area is prone to Earthquakes 12% to Floods8% to Cyclones70% of the cultivable land is prone to drought85% of the land area is vulnerable to number of natural hazards22 states are prone to multi hazards.WHY? And WHAT about Man made Disasters?
12 Tenth Five Year Plan emphasizes on: Planning for safer national developmentDisaster prevention, mitigation and preparedness measuresCapacity buildingTraining and education at all levels
13 4 Major areas of concern are: Inclusion of disaster management in school curriculumDisaster management, awareness and preparedness in schools.Safety of school from natural hazards – structural and non structural.Preparation of the Disaster Management Plans at school level
14 What is a safe school?A safe school is either a school which is located in a hazard free area, or one that has been constructed to withstand the hazard to which it is exposed.A safe school will not collapse or get affected if a disaster happens.
15 Government of India initiatives: 1) Inclusion of disaster management in school curriculum The process was initiated with a set of recommendations to be put in place by the state govt. from Home Secretary to the Chief Secretaries of the states- one of them being DM in EDUCATION.Introduction of DM in Class VIII, IX and X as part of the frontline curriculum by CBSE.Many of the state Boards have already introduced DM in school syllabi.
16 SyllabusClass VIIIBeing prepared – a vital part of disaster managementEarthquakesCyclonesFloodsDroughts andManmade Disasters
17 Class IX Being a disaster manager – Understanding key terms. Components of disaster managementIntroduction to disaster risk management – Understanding disaster mitigation.Specific hazards and mitigation.Earthquake, landslide, food, cyclone and droughtPreventing common manmade disastersFire, rail and road accidents, terrorist attacks
18 Class X Introduction Tsunami - the killer sea wave Survival skills Alternative communication systems….during disasters.Safe constructional practicesSharing responsibilitiesPlanning Ahead
19 Class XI – (Sociology and Geography) Sociology IntroductionChild rights and emergenciesGender and Disaster ManagementRole of Community in disaster ManagementRole of Local Level institutions in Disaster Management
20 Class XI - Geography Introduction to concepts Flood Cyclone Earthquake TsunamiLandslide
21 2) Disaster management - awareness and preparedness in schools. Teachers training programme33 teachers’ trained so far by CBSETraining of teachers by the States.Disaster Management NOT a subject but…………..A NECESSARY LIFE SKILL
22 School safety weeks and months observed Training on Self Defence by Civil Defence in NP Girls Senior Secondary School.
24 Development of coloring book for the primary section
25 3) Preparation of School DM plans Schools to prepare DM plans based on the hazard that they are vulnerable to.More than 500 plans have been prepared
26 Steps for preparation of DM Plans Sensitisation meeting for awareness Teachers, School Management and students.Formation of School Disaster Management CommitteeSchool principalVice principalSub Divisional Magistrate of the areaDEO (District Education Officer)President of Parents Teachers AssociationParents (1-2)Local Medical OfficerMarket trader associationFire OfficerPoliceMembers of Civil Society (NCC,NSS, Red Cross, Scouts and Guides)4 Students
27 Steps for preparation of DM Plans (cont…) 3. Hazard identificationHistory of disastersIdentification of potential hazardPreparation of seasonality calendar4. Inventory of resources5. MappingSocial MappingResource MappingVulnerability / Risk MappingSafe and Opportunity Mapping
28 Social Mapping - Schools Class rooms in the school buildingLaboratoriesPlay GroundSchool CanteenLibrary
29 Resource Map - Schools Human resources School Buses Generators Fire extinguishersStretchersDrinking water sourcesHealth Centre in the school
30 Vulnerability/ Risk Map - School Children in pre- school and primary sectionPhysically challengedIdentification of potentially vulnerable areas in the school
31 Safe and Alternate route Mapping Identification of safe places in the schoolAlternative staircases/ routes to be identified
32 6. School DM Team Early Warning Team Activity/ Event Organising Team School teacherStudent (3 nos. most communicative)Activity/ Event Organising TeamDisaster management teacherArt and Craft teacher Music teacherPrefects/ active students
33 School DM Team: Search and Rescue Evacuation All class teachers Sports teachersMale teacherPrefect (students 2nos)EvacuationAll class teachers
34 School DM Team…….. First Aid team Resident doctor of the school/medical consultantTeachers 2nos.Students 2 numbers (10th / 12th class)
35 Disaster DM Team…. Fire safety Site security team Teachers (2 numbers) Students (4 numbers, 10th class)Site security teamSchool security staffTeacher (1 numbers)Students (2 numbers)
36 7. Training of School Disaster Management Teams Search and RescueFirst AidTrauma CounselingFire fighting
37 8. Planning to be disseminated to everyone in the School.
38 Drills to be carried out twice a year Drills should be hazard specific 9. Mock DrillDrills to be carried out twice a yearDrills should be hazard specific
39 10. Plan Updation Plans to be updated every six months Plan to be approved by the Disaster Management Committee