Started in 1910 as the Insecticide Act 40 CFR 150-189 Registration of all pesticides prior to use. Remove dangerous and unsafe pesticides from use. Control risk to human health and environment vs. efficacy FIFRA Purpose
FIFRA Requirements Cannot sell, distribute, or use a pesticide unless it is registered by EPA. EPA approval of the pesticide's label Label gives detailed instructions for its safe use. EPA must classify each pesticide "General use" pesticides may be applied by anyone “Restricted use" pesticides may only be applied by certified applicators Applicators are usually certified by a state
Is Your Chemical Registered? Check the MSDS for the EPA Registration # Look on the label for it Go to Purdue University’s National Pesticide Information Retrieval System (NPIRS) Portal to EPA's pesticide database. Can search for pesticides by product name, company name, or EPA Reg. No.
Pesticide Registration Over 20,000 registered pesticides today….. Fungicides, Insecticides, Herbicides, Rodenticides, Antimicrobials, Defoliants, Defoliants, Desiccants, Plant Regulators Any substance intended for preventing, destroying, repelling or mitigating any pest.
FIFRA Related Regulations Worker Protection Standard (WPS) –40 CFR 170 relates to agriculture and protecting workers Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA) – pesticide thresholds in food & feed Food Quality Protection Act of 1996 (FQPA) – tougher standards for pesticides used with food or feed
Chemical Labels EPA approved chemical container labels. Ensures you can follow the label guidance for using the chemical. Labels must be simple to understand. Ensures the end users can meet their LEGAL OBLIGATION to follow the label directions. “Apply as Directed”
Smithfield Requirements Environmental Affairs Guidelines Protocol for Handling of Waste Material VII. Pesticide Disposal General Requirements Use a certified contracted service for application Applicator training documentation available Application by company employees prohibited Application coordinated through Food Safety and approved by USDA
Smithfield Requirements General Requirements Do Not apply in areas that would risk food or water contamination Use mechanical, non-baited rodent control traps in the plant No on-site storage of pesticides is allowed No on-site pesticide disposal is allowed Food Safety Manager maintains: Labels, MSDS’s, and the service log book
BE SAFE ! (Off the Shelf Products) “Right to Know” Applies Use Proper PPE! Eye protection Wash thoroughly after use May contain: Mutagens, teratogens, carcinogens, endocrine disruptors, heavy metals, etc… Read and understand the labels!!!!
Pesticide Disposal Regulated by RCRA FIFRA ends when disposal is required May be a hazardous waste Should be isolated and secured until disposal
References http://www.sfienvironmental.com/ http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/regulating/laws.htm State Environmental Offices Poison Control Centers: 1-800-222-1222