Presentation on theme: "1920 to 1936. Harlem Renaissance Defined Harlem Renaissance (HR) is the name given to the period from the end of World War I and through the middle of."— Presentation transcript:
Harlem Renaissance Defined Harlem Renaissance (HR) is the name given to the period from the end of World War I and through the middle of the 1930s Depression, during which a group of talented African-American writers produced a sizable body of literature in the four prominent genres of poetry, fiction, drama, and essay.
Harlem Renaissance Defined (continued) Not limited to literature, the movement also includes philosophy, theater, the visual arts, and music.
Harlem Renaissance Dates Beginning dates range from 1914 to 1920 Ending dates range from 1935 to 1940
Great Migration Beginning of World War I Job opportunities in North 1915-1918 Some believe this to be the beginning of H.R.
End of World War I “We return. We return from fighting. Make way for democracy! We saved it in France, and by the Great Jehovah, we will save it in the United States of America or know the reason why.” W.E.B. De Bois
What’s in a name? Harlem Renaissance Negro Renaissance
Creative Forms Writers Poets Philosophers Musicians Visual Artists Filmmakers
African-American Literature Sought to reach entire community, not just highly educated Periodicals (magazines) acted as a medium of intellectual discourse The Crisis (cover dated September 1927)
The Jazz Age Artistic expression in music Cab Calloway Duke Ellington Josephine Baker Bessie Smith
End of the Renaissance The Great Depression 50% of families in Harlem were out of work Harlem Race Riot, 1935 Aaron Douglas 1936
Gains of the Harlem Renaissance African Americans proved themselves to be talented and capable Created a new consciousness in blacks and whites New art forms Socioeconomic changes Chain Gang William H. Johnson undated
The Harlem Renaissance Saturday Night by Archibald J. Motley, Jr. 1935