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America Claims An Empire

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Presentation on theme: "America Claims An Empire"— Presentation transcript:

1 America Claims An Empire
Guiding Question: What motivated the U.S. to move from an isolationist foreign policy to become a global power at the end of the 19th century?

2 What do you think this cartoon suggests about the United States?

3 Isolationist to Global Power
In his 1796 Farewell Address, President Washington cautioned Americans to “steer clear of permanent alliances.” This warning became a theme of government policy for the next 100 years, but in the late 1800s, Americans began looking outward to the larger world.

4 Isolationist to Global Power
What do you think caused the U.S. to become more involved in world affairs during this time after the Civil War?

5 Vocabulary ISOLATIONISM: a policy of pulling away from involvement in world affairs

6 Vocabulary MONROE DOCTRINE: an 1823 warning to all outside powers not to interfere with Affairs in the Western Hemisphere.

7 Vocabulary NEUTRALITY: refusal to take part in a war between other nations

8 Vocabulary EXPANSIONISM: a nation's practice or policy of territorial or economic growth

9 Vocabulary IMPERIALISM: the policy in which stronger nations extend their economic, political or military control over weaker territories

10 Foreign Policy vs. Domestic Policy
A country’s dealings with another country Outside the country Examples: Isolationism Expansionism Imperialism Neutrality Internal affairs or dealings of a country Within a country Examples: Progressive Reformers

11 What does the eagle symbolize?
What point does the cartoonist make in portraying this eagle with outstretched wings?

12 American Imperialism

13 What motivated U. S. imperialism. 1
What motivated U.S. imperialism? 1. Political: Desire for Military Strength European imperialists had been competing for colonies around the world while the U.S. had remained focused on domestic affairs Seeing that other nations were establishing global military presence, US leaders pushed to build its own military strength


15 What motivated U.S. imperialism? 2. Economic: Thirst for New Markets
Need raw materials for new factories during Industrial Age Overproduction of food/goods (technology allowed farmers to produce more food than Americans could consume) Influx of immigrants leads to unemployment and economic depression

16 What motivated U. S. imperialism. 3
What motivated U.S. imperialism? 3. Social: Cultural/Religious Superiority Social Darwinism Free market competition would lead to survival of the fittest Belief in racial superiority of Anglo Saxons “White Man’s Burden” US had responsibility to spread Christianity and “civilization” to world’s inferior people who couldn’t rule themselves Pears' Soap McClure's Magazine (Oct. 1899). The first step towards lightening the White Man's Burden is through teaching the virtues of cleanliness. Pears' Soap is a potent factor in brightening the dark corners of the earth as civilization advances, while amongst the cultured of all nations it holds the highest place -- it is the ideal toilet soap.

17 …Coming Tomorrow…The Spanish-American War…

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