Presentation on theme: "NFCs Neo-formed contaminants"— Presentation transcript:
1 NFCs Neo-formed contaminants ELC MEETING London, 19-20th april 2007Prof. Andrés GavilánPresident of AFCA
2 Which are the NFCs origen and toxicity? Which are the main NFCs? SUMMARYWhat NFC are?Which are the NFCs origen and toxicity?Which are the main NFCs?NFC containing food matricesNFC management in Europe (ICARE Consortium)NFC detection & minimizationNFC future legislation
3 1. What NFC are?“Process chemical contaminants, unvoluntary generated due specific global elaboration procedure. NFC means neo-formed contaminants, organic substances that become toxics for food and consumers. These NFC occur only at certain foods based in the chemical structure, composition and elaboration process among other factors”
4 2. Which are the NFCs origen and toxicity? NFC are formed from natural foods, both vegetal and animal origin, through oftenly a thermical previous elaboration stage at a high temperature (> 150º C) and some chemical substances that allow generate a contaminant.Some NFC has severe toxic effect on human health: neurotoxicity, genotoxicity, nephrotoxicity and carcinogenicity.
5 We can consider two types: 3. Which are the main NFCs?We can consider two types:TS-NFC (Thermical source – NFCs)CS-NFC (Chemical source – NFCs)
6 Types of TS-NFC (Thermical source – NFCs) 3. Which are the main NFCs?Types of TS-NFC (Thermical source – NFCs)ARC (acrylamide)HMF (hydroxymethylfurfural)TFA (trans-fatty acids)FUR (furosins)CML (carboximethyl-lysine)PAH (polyaromatic hydrocarbons)FRN (furanes)...NFC – levelsALARA principle applicationTMDI
7 Types of CS-NFC (Chemical source – NFCs) 3. Which are the main NFCs?Types of CS-NFC (Chemical source – NFCs)2-MCPDMiscellaneous productsNFC – levelsALARA principle applicationTMDI
9 5. NFC management in Europe (ICARE Consortium) Reasons:NFCs need to be minimised on food for health reasons.EC needs to stablish effective analytical methods for an adequated NFC detection on foods.EC to be elaborate a regulation for NFCs existing types and maximun acceptable levels on foodstuffs.
10 5. NFC management in Europe (ICARE Consortium) Was created at 2005 by EC and falls on 6th Frame Programme.ICARE = Impeding Contaminants Accumulation to Reduce their health Effect, applied to general foods.
11 5. NFC management in Europe (ICARE Consortium) Main scope:Analyse NFC on foodsTo minimize / delete NFC on foodsReduce toxicity level of foodsImprove NFC containing foods for SMEsIncrease welfare and health protection for consumers
12 6. NFC detection & minimization In Order to dettect and minimize NFC on foodstuffs there are different responsibles:Involved countries: Spain, France, Italy, Portugal, Germany, Slovaky, ChekyaActors: IAG, RTD (Performers), SMEs
13 6. NFC detection & minimization Scientifical laboratories and Technological Centers (RTD)Lead: Action Plan, NFC analysis, Pilot Equipments and NFC minimization on industrial elaboration process.IAGActions: Technical & scientifical advising and overall assessment.SMEsFunctions: Food industries that will apply NFC analytical methods and NFC minimization programme.
14 6. NFC detection & minimization Working groups (WP = working packages)For a fulfilment intended ICARE Project for NFC management there 14 WP:WPO (Specifications and final use requeriments)WP1 (Analytical methods)WP2 (Calibration models)WP3 (Flourophores identification)WP4 (Analytical methods validation)WP5 (NFC formation undertanding at laboratory scale)WP6 (Pilot scale NFC analytical methods validation)WP7 (Industrial scale NFC analytical methods validation)
15 6. NFC detection & minimization Working groups (WP = working packages)For a fulfilment intended ICARE Project for NFC management there 14 WP:WP8 (Comparative study between standard diet and boiled diet)WP9 (Comparative study on infant formulae impact)WP10 (-)WP11 (Innovations and subjects)WP12 (Formation and training)WP13 (Project management)
16 6. NFC detection & minimization ICARE project (Main features)Assigned period for ICARE 3 years (since 2005)Project otorgued budget: Fixed by ECMeeting frequence / 2 meeting / year, healding:I) Steering CommitteeII) General AssemblyUpdate action:Official ICARE project dissemination around UE members states.Next ICARE meetingPraha, 28-29th june 2007
17 7. NFC future legislation When:All the NFC Priority List become full identified and quantified on pre-choiced food matrices.The involved analytical methods for NFC will be implemented intended on-line at SMEs for NFC detection at different operation steps.Be fulfiled applied a specific NFC Minimization Programme at SMEs and its efficacy being comproved.
18 7. NFC future legislation Then:Will be published the List of NFC pointing out the food matrices and the maximum permited NFC levels, probably as European Regulation Commission.Will be approved and adopted specific analytical methods for all identified NFC on foodstuffs.Is expected that new NFC will be introduced in order to increased an adequated protection health level to consumers.
19 Thank you very much for you atention ! Andrés GavilánPresident of AFCA