Disgusting Things Youd Rather Not Know By Daniel Zalewski Learning Turn Inc. All rights reserved From the book: You wouldnt want to be an Egyptian Mummy!
Presentation on theme: "If you were going to be an Egyptian Mummy"— Presentation transcript:
1 If you were going to be an Egyptian Mummy Disgusting Things You’d Rather Not KnowBy Daniel ZalewskiLearning Turn Inc.All rights reservedFrom the book:You wouldn’t want to be an Egyptian Mummy!Disgusting things you rather not knowBy David Stewart, David Antram, and David Salariya
2 What do you need?? Your body Linen Oils A Priest Ancient Egyptians took a lot of time preparing for the afterlife. They believed the body had three spirits that survive after death only if the body was preserved. These were the ka, the person’s life, ba, the spirit of their personality, and akh, the glorified soul.Your bodyLinenOilsA Priest
3 Your body would be embalmed and mummified Your body would be embalmed and mummified. Everyone who could afford it would make elaborate preparations for this. This was believed to preserve the body allowing the spirits to survive.What could you afford??You would need to pay for your mummification so there were threeways of mummification:The Cheap Way- The body is injected with cedar oil and then it is driedout using a natural salt know as natron.The Mid-Cost Way- The organ are removed and embalmed. The bodyis dried out with natron and then wrapped up in strips of linen.The Luxury Way- The same as Mid-Cost, but with a portrait mask madeof cartonnage (plaster, linen, and resin combined) or, like King Tut,made of solid gold.
4 Removing Organs What do you need?? Your Scrubbed Body Tools Natron SaltKnifeAfter your body has been cleaned you would have its organs removed. They take you to a “place of embalming” called a wabet. In order to remove internal organs, a “slicer” makes a long cut along the left side of your bodyHandy HintsA hooked instrument is used to pull the brain out of the head through the nose.(DO NOT TRY AT HOME)
5 Your organs are removed and would be embalmed separately, although your heart is left in your body you will need this later.Once the body cavity has been stuffed, the cut along your left side issewn up and covered with the carving of the eye of the sun god,Horus.This is said to protect the body since the Eye of Horus is also known as the Protective Eye.
6 Storing your OrgansYOUR LIVER will be stored in a jarwith the human head of the godImsety on it.YOUR LUNGS are stored in the jarprotected by the god Hapy, who’shead is a baboon’s.The Canopic Jars are stored in a specially made box called a canopic chest. This will be stored in your tomb and should be placed as close to you as possible.YOUR INTESTINES are kept in the jar with the falcon head of the god Qebehsenuef on it.YOUR STOMACH is placed in the jar with the jackal head of the god Duamutef on it.
7 Get Stuffed What do you need?? NatronAfter forty days in natron, your body is completelydried out. Your skin is shriveled and wrinkled, andYou look like a piece of old leather. You are thentransported to per nefer (beautiful house) where your will be rubbedwith oils to make your skin softer. The empty space where your organswhere is stuffed with sawdust. The other parts of your body areplumped up by pushing mud into tiny cut in your skin. They make youfake eyes out of onions. Your starting to look like yourself again.molten resinsawdustWhat do you need??frankincensepalm wine
8 The Wrapping of the Mummy The Egyptians would wrap the body in a special way in a certain order. Theorder is:Wrap your headWrap your torsoWrap your legs (Right leg first)Wrap your arms (Right arm first)Wrap your legs togetherWrap linen pads within the bandage to round youWrap your arms to your bodyFold you within a cloth horizontallyFold you within a cloth verticallySecure you with ropeThis process took 15 days and gave you 20 layers of linen.Extra FactResin is used to glue the linen together.
9 Bury all the equipment used to !!!!mummify your body!!!! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!Warning!!!!!!!!!!!!!!You mustMustBury all the equipment used to !!!!mummify your body!!!!
10 The Coffin What do you need? Skilled Carpenters Wood Carpenter’s Tools Paints
11 Once you have been wrapped, you will need a good wooden coffin Once you have been wrapped, you will need a good wooden coffin. If you are very wealthy, you could have as many as three coffins all fitting inside one another. Make sure they have pictures of the gods and all the correct spells painted on them to protect you. Of course, they should also have plenty of hieroglyphs singing your praises written on them. This nest of coffins will finally be placed in your tomb inside a large stone coffin called a sarcophagus.
12 Before burial ritualsThe Weighing of the Heart CeremonyThe Opening of the Mouth CeremonyThe FuneralYou have now been dead for seventy days, and today is the day of your funeral. You are finally about to enter the afterlife!! You will be buried on the western side of the river, where the sun sets. Your coffin is taken there by boat and is placed on a sledge and pulled to your tomb.A priest leads a procession of mourners, followed by bearers carrying food offerings and all the objects you will need in the afterlife.
13 The Two Ceremonies The Opening of the Mouth Ceremony: The Two Ceremonies: The Opening of the Mouth ceremony (left) and The Weighing of the Heart Ceremony (right)The Opening of the Mouth Ceremony:This takes place in front of your tomb. A priest touches your “lips” with symbolic tools to restore yoursenses and allow your departed soul to returnThe Weighing of the Heart Ceremony:Your spirit is led to a scale by Anubis, who weighs your heart against the feather of truth. The result isRecorded by the god, Thoth. A monster, Ammut, waits to eat the heart if it’s too heavy by its baddeeds.
14 The Weighing of the Heart Ceremony Anubis (left), Thoth (center) and Ammut (right)
15 What you need for a blissful afterlife The Book of the DeadYour BaYour KaChestsHeadrestShabtis (servants)GamesBoatsStoolsWig BoxFigsMeatGrapesWineBreadAnd Much MoreWhat you need for a blissful afterlife