Landscape with swallows (Spring Fresco), from Room Delta 2, Akrotiri, Thera (Cyclades), Greece, ca. 1650 BCE. Fresco, approx. 7 6 high. National Archaeological Museum, Athens.
Lamassu (winged, human-headed bull), from the citadel of Sargon II, Dur Sharrukin (modern Khorsabad), Iraq, ca. 720–705 BCE. Limestone, approx. 13 10 high. Louvre, Paris. These winged, man- headed bulls served to ward off the the kings enemies, visible and invisible -- guardian figures.
Hypostyle hall, temple of Amen-Re, Karnak, Egypt, ca. 1290–1224 BCE. The hypostyle hall (roof supported by many columns) uses post and lintel construction. The columns are 60 ft. high with 22 ft. diameter capitals. There are 2 types of capitals ( bud and bell shaped). The horizontal bands of relief sculpture on the columns are painted and almost conceal the columns function; artist uses surface for decoration (unlike Greek columns).
RAPHAEL, Galatea, Sala di Galatea, Villa Farnesina, Rome, Italy, 1513. Fresco, 9 8 x 7 5. Raphael's joyful and exuberant fresco of Galatea in the Villa Farnesina shows the nymph on a shell, surrounded by sea creatures and cupids.