Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Cycling of Materials in Ecosystems

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Cycling of Materials in Ecosystems"— Presentation transcript:

1 Cycling of Materials in Ecosystems
Cycles within an Ecosystem Water Cycle Carbon Cycle Phosphorous and Nitrogen Cycle

2 Cycles within Ecosystems
Almost everything within an ecosystem is recycled. Water, carbon, nitrogen & phosphorus pass from the nonliving environment to living organisms & then back to the environment.

3 Water Cycle Water is the most important, non-living component of the ecosystem. Nonliving cycle: involves condensation, precipitation, & evaporation. Living cycle: involves plants in a process called transpiration.

4 Water Cycle Nonliving portion: Living portion:
Water vapor, as it cools, condenses in the form of clouds and falls to the Earth’s surface as precipitation (as rain, snow, etc) Then water evaporates (turning from a liquid to a gas) and re-enters the atmosphere Living portion: Water is absorbed by roots of plants After passing through the plant, the water evaporates from the leaves in a process called transpiration


6 Carbon Cycle Carbon dioxide in the air (or dissolved water) is used by photosynthesizing plants, algae and bacteria as raw material to build organic molecules. What does that mean? Autotrophs take in carbon dioxide to help make food in order to grow and survive Involves: Respiration (breathing where CO2 is a by product) Combustion (burning) Erosion (limestone)


8 Phosphorous and Nitrogen Cycle
You need phosphorous and nitrogen to build proteins and nucleic acids (part of DNA) Since more organisms are unable to use nitrogen gas (N2), nitrogen fixing bacteria bind nitrogen with hydrogen to form ammonia (NH3) What does that mean? We need nitrogen, but we can’t use pure nitrogen gas (N2) so certain bacteria convert N2 into a usable forms (ammonia)

9 Phosphorous and Nitrogen Cycle
Stages: Assimilation (absorption of nitrogen gas,N2, by plants) Ammonification (production of ammonia, NH3, by bacteria during organism decay) Nitrification (production of nitrate from ammonia) Denitrification (conversion of nitrate to N2)


Download ppt "Cycling of Materials in Ecosystems"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google