3 ParaphraseTranslate the poem into your own words.
4 Connotation Contemplate the poem for meaning beyond the literal. Are there symbols? Imagery? Personification? Other poetic devices? Why do you think the poet used these poetic devices?
5 Attitude Observe the speaker’s and the poet’s attitude (tone). What is the speaker’s tone? What is the poet’s tone?Do the speaker and the poet’s tone have to be the same?
6 Shifts Note shifts in speakers and in attitudes Point out changes in who is speaking or in the tone.Does the attitude/tone switch gears?
7 Title Think about the title again. Has the meaning of the title changed after studying the poem?
8 ThemeWhat is the poet trying to say? What idea is being communicated (not a summary of what happened in the poem)?
9 Use TP-CASTT!TP-CASTT can be used to help you determine what you think a poet is trying to say in their poetry.Rely on what you find in the poem, what the words say and how the poetic devices increase the meaning.