Presentation on theme: "Sophie Condé, MNHN, European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity"— Presentation transcript:
1 Introduction to the EEA its work on biodiversity indicators and links to policy Sophie Condé, MNHN, European Topic Centre on Biological DiversityBen Delbaere ECNC, on behalf of European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity
2 Table of Contents Institutional context Common language on indicators EEA activities on indicatorsLinks to policy needs
3 1. Institutional context Table of Contents1. Institutional context
4 What is EEA?The European Environment Agency (EEA) is an agency of the European Union.provide sound, independent information on the environment.major information source for those involved in developing, adopting, implementing and evaluating environmental policy, and also the general publicEuropean Topic Centre on Biological Diversity: 9 partners including MNHN and ECNC
5 Thank you for your attention What is EIONET?European Environment Information and Observation NetworkThank you for your attention
7 EIONET West Balkans activities Extension of the main EEA topic areas to the West Balkan countriesfunded by Instrument for Pre-Accession (IPA)CSI Core Set of IndicatorsSOE State and outlook reportingSustainable consumption, production And WasteBiodiversityInland, Coastal & Marine watersAir emissions and air qualitySpatial Information and Analysis
8 2. Common language on indicators Table of Contents2. Common language on indicators
9 What is an indicator? (1)Several definitions according to the context, the needs and the goalsBiological indicator/evaluative indicator: presence of a species that reacts sensitively to changes in environmental conditions (Heink et al, 2010) plants and soilInformation based on measured data used to represent a particular attribute, characteristic, or property of a system (MA, 2005a)oxygen in freshwaterA variable that describes the state of a system (Walz, 2000)
10 What is an indicator? (2)Several definitions according to the context, the needs and the goalsAn indicator in ecology and environmental planning is a component or a measure of environmentally relevant phenomena used to depict or evaluate environmental conditions or changes or to set/assess environmental goals. Environmentally relevant phenomena are pressures, states, and responses. OECD (2003)Scientific indicator versus Policy Indicator
11 What is needed for a policy indicator? Four basic functions:SimplificationQuantificationStandardisation an indicator ‘d summarize complex, (disparate) sets of data an indicator ‘d be based on comparable scientific observations or statistical measures an indicator ‘d related on time-series dataCommunication: an indicator ‘d provide a clear message
12 Criteria for selection of biodiversity indicators Policy relevant and meaningfulBiodiversity relevantTarget relevantWell founded methodology: clear, well defined, simpleAcceptance by stakeholdersRoutinely collected data: regular collected, clearly defined and scientifically acceptable dataCause-effect relationship: in order to link pressures, state and responsesGood spatial coverage according to the studied areaTemporal trendSensitivity towards changeRepresentative of the DPSIR modelSmall in numberAggregation & flexibility: ‘d be facilitated on a range of scales
13 3. EEA activities on indicators Table of Contents3. EEA activities on indicators
14 EEA Core Set of Indicators Started in 2000’s and aimed toprovide a manageable and stable basis for indicator reporting by the EEA on the web and in its indicators-based reportsprioritise improvements in the quality and geographical coverage of data flows, especially priority data flows of the European environment information and observation network (Eionet)streamline EEA/Eionet contributions to other European and global indicator initiatives, e.g. structural indicators and sustainable development indicators.In 2004, the EEA Management Board approved the Core Set of Indicators, a set of 37 environmental indicators with 3 biodiversity indicators.In 2005, the Indicator Management System tool was launched to manage and put online a first version of the CSI.
16 SEBI - Streamlining European Biodiversity Indicators Initiated in 2005 to select a set of indicators to monitor progress towards halting biodiversity loss by 2010 in EuropePartnership between: EEA & ETC/BD, EC, UNEP-WCMC, PEBLDS and Czech RepublicSEBI built on the conceptual framework provided by the CBD, and worked with a set of headline indicators within the CBD focal areasInvolvement of nearly 150 experts allowed to develop a set of 26 indicators
17 26 specific indicators STATUS AND TRENDS OF COMPONENTS OF BIODIVERSITY 1. Abundance and distribution of selected species2. Red List Index for European species3. Species of European interest4. Ecosystem coverage5. Habitats of European interest6. Livestock genetic diversity7. Nationally designated protected areas8. Sites designated under the EU Habitats and Birds DirectivesSUSTAINABLE USE17. Forest: Growing stock, increment and fellings18. Forest: Deadwood19. Agriculture: Nitrogen balance20. Agriculture: Area under management practices potentially supporting biodiversity21. Fisheries: European commercial fish stocks22. Aquaculture: Effluent water quality from finfish farms23. Ecological Footprint of European countriesTHREATS TO BIODIVERSITY9. Critical load exceedance for nitrogen10. Invasive alien species in Europe11. Impact of climatic change on bird populationsCROSS-CUTTING24. Patent applications based on genetic resources25. Financing biodiversity management26. Public awarenessECOSYSTEM INTEGRITY, GOODS AND SERVICES12. Marine Trophic Index of European seas13. Fragmentation of natural and semi-natural areas14. Fragmentation of river systems15. Nutrients in transitional, coastal and marine waters16. Freshwater quality
23 SEBI support to EU policy Input to monitor progress of the 6th Environmental Action ProgrammeInput into the 2010 assessment of Biodiversity Action PlanSupported heavily the EU 2010 Baseline…
24 Assessment of role of SEBI in developing the national biodiversity indicator sets Questionnaire sent in May 201122 countries answeredQuestionnaire on the SEBI process, not on particular issues related to e.g. the indicator methodology
26 SEBI 2012 report 2 main purposes: summarise and document the achievements of the SEBI process related to measuring progress towards the 2010 targetshow strengths of both the process and the indicator set to underpin measurement of the 2020 targets as well as the challenges of making the proposed indicators a high quality, operational set.
27 Key strengths of SEBI mobilising existing data and expertise developing a stakeholder process to identify policy-relevant biodiversity indicatorslinks to and anchoring in national, EU, pan‑European and global processesstreamlining the process of biodiversity indicator development and reporting at several levels – reducing the burden of reporting requirementslinks to expert networks in Europe.
29 CBD Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 At global level: CBD Strategic Plan for Biodiversity20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets under 5 Strategic Goals5th national reports, due by 31 March 2014, should focus on the implementation of the Strategic Plan and progress achieved towards the Aichi Biodiversity Targets.
30 2020 Pan European StrategyA new 2020 Pan European Strategy adopted in 2012
31 EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2020 HEADLINE TARGET: halting the loss of biodiversity and the degradation of ecosystem services in the EU by 2020, and restoring them in so far as feasible, while stepping up the EU contribution to averting global biodiversity loss;Council Conclusions March 2010TargetsConserving and restoring natureMaintaining and enhancing ecosystems and their servicesEnsuring the sustainability of agriculture and forestryEnsuring the sustainability of fisheriesCombating invasive alien speciesAddressing the global biodiversity crisisIn parallel with the development of global targets, Europe adopted its own 2020 target in March 2010.That is underpinned by the EU Biodiversity Strategy, published in May It contains six targets and 20 actions.Indicators to measure progress will also be needed, and one of the aims of the European members of the AHTEG was to achieve synergy between global and European work. To that end work is going on to map the targets and indicators against both the Aichi Targets and the EU targets.
32 EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2020 ‘The Commission will work with Member States and the European Environment Agency to develop by 2012 an integrated (coherent) framework for monitoring, assessing and reporting on progress in implementing the strategy.’‘The EU 2010 biodiversity baseline and the updated EU biodiversity indicators will be key components of this framework…..’
33 SEBI for 2020 targetsMapping SEBI indicators to new global and EU targets:an exhaustive analysis of the alignment of the current SEBI indicator set with the 2020 biodiversity targets, complemented by indicators from other relevant setsFurther development of SEBI set for monitoring of implementation of the strategy to 2020guided also by EEA indicator review
34 Measurement of progress towards 2020 targets All SEBI indicators can be used to measure progress against the 6 new EU targets and the 20 Aichi targetsGaps have also been identified – which will need to be further considered by thematic experts
35 EEA work on indicators continues EEA indicator review and updatingUpdate of the EU 2010 baseline reportSupport to the EU 5th CBD report mid 20142015 SOER report
36 More information, or comments? Thank you!SEBI:Project SEBI in West Balkan: