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Safety and health at work is everyone’s concern. It’s good for you. It’s good for business. Working together for risk prevention What can ESENER tell us about management leadership and worker participation? Name and title of speaker Date | Event title
2 www.esener.eu In 2009, 36,000 managers and worker representatives were interviewed across 29,000 workplaces. ESENER asked about health and safety management, management of stress, violence and harassment and about the way in which workers are involved. ESENER – a window on how health and safety is managed in workplaces across 31 countries
3 www.esener.eu What does ESENER tell us about management leadership? The survey included directly relevant questions: Is health and safety raised regularly in high level management meetings? Is there a policy, management system or action plan on health and safety? and supporting questions, such as: Do you have procedures in place? Do you take preventive measures? Do you use specialist information? These questions can be combined to generate a composite health and safety score As explained in the report: Management of occupational safety and health – an analysis of the findings of the European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks (ESENER). Available at: http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/reports/management-of-occupational-safety- and-health-analysis-of-data-from-the-esener/view
4 www.esener.eu Management leadership Health and safety issues raised regularly in high level management meetings % establishments It is important that health and safety is discussed at the highest levels so that it can be integrated in key business processes and is seen as a priority for the whole organisation.
5 www.esener.eu Management leadership Prevalence of a documented policy, established management system or action plan on health and safety % establishments 85% of managers state that the policy has an impact A document explaining how health and safety is managed, including the lines of responsibility, is essential for clear and effective leadership.
6 www.esener.eu Management leadership Health and safety management composite score The composite score combines the results from nine survey questions on health and safety management actions and procedures.
7 www.esener.eu Management leadership Size of establishment and health and safety management composite score
8 www.esener.eu Management leadership Size of establishment and health and safety management composite score in different countries In some countries even the very smallest workplaces indicate high levels of health and safety measures and procedures. However, we must remember that without genuine management commitment these can be simply a ‘paper exercise’.
9 www.esener.eu What does ESENER tell us about worker participation? What form of worker participation is in place? Direct involvement of workers or through representation (health and safety representative, health and safety committee, works council, or shop-floor trades union) How does this affect the prevalence of procedures or measures to manage health and safety? Secondary analysis combining type of worker participation with management commitment As explained in the report: Worker representation and consultation on health and safety - an analysis of the findings of the European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks (ESENER). Available at: http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/reports/esener_workers- involvement/view
10 www.esener.eu Worker participation Workplaces regularly checked as part of a risk assessment: the effect of employee representation % establishments, EU27 Risk assessment is more likely if there is a health and safety representative – especially in small firms.
11 www.esener.eu Forms of worker representation: General — works council and/or trade union representative; Specialist OSH — health and safety committee and/or health and safety representative Worker participation Effect of worker representation and management commitment on the likelihood of having a health and safety policy in place Management commitment is associated with having a health and safety policy, as is having worker representation (especially if it is specific to health and safety). However, the effect is greatest where high management commitment is combined with both forms of worker representation.
12 www.esener.eu Forms of worker representation: General — works council and/or trade union representative; Specialist OSH — health and safety committee and/or health and safety representative Worker participation Effect of worker representation and management commitment on the prevalence of measures to deal with psychosocial risks Once again, the combination of high management commitment together with worker representation (especially if it is specific to health and safety) is strongly associated with better management of stress, violence and harassment.
13 www.esener.eu Forms of worker representation: General — works council and/or trade union representative; Specialist OSH — health and safety committee and/or health and safety representative Worker participation Where do we find high management commitment combined with both general and specific worker representation? Nordic traditions of social dialogue are particularly evident in the smaller sized establishments.
14 www.esener.eu Summary of main conclusions from OSH management and worker participation studies Firms take a systematic approach to managing OSH Goal-setting approach of Framework Directive appears successful in getting firms to address OSH using a coherent, systems-based approach Smallest establishments need support Below 150 employees management of OSH starts to fall rapidly, but the extent to which this happens varies across countries Worker participation is a key success factor Health and safety representatives make an important difference; they need further support, particularly in facing up to the challenges posed by psychosocial risks Worker participation and management leadership Workplaces that have high management commitment and both forms of worker representation (OSH + union/works council) are nearly 10 times more likely to have an OSH policy than workplaces that have no commitment or representation
15 www.esener.eu Further information www.esener.eu Find out more about ESENER Download publications Use our interactive tool to generate results by country, establishment size and sector
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