Religion Religion, therefore, as I now ask you arbitrarily to take it, shall mean for us the feelings, acts, and experiences of individual men in their solitude, so far as they apprehend themselves to stand in relation to whatever they consider the divine (James 1994: 36).
The Myth of Progress Enlightenment thought shunned the apocalyptic and viewed the world as upward-moving progress. The events of the twentieth century shattered that view (Migliore 1991: 234-238).
Hope or Meaning? Ernst Bloch – The Principle of Meaning Viktor Frankl – Mans Search for Meaning Harold Kushner – When All You Ever Wanted… Jürgen Moltmann – Theology of Hope John Polkinghorne – The God of Hope… N. T. Wright – Surprised by Hope
Hope Does Religion Matter? Does Religion Make a Difference? Does It Empower Life? A Technocratic World.
Hope in the Abrahamic Religions The Historical Record. God Shows Up. Jesus Personifies God.
Hope – John Polkinghorne Crucifixion and Resurrection Incarnation - Kenoticism Resurrection Appearances – Reassurance God Stood Alongside Then and Now - Throughout Eschatology – Continuity and Discontinuity
Christian Hope and Suffering Christian Hope Rests in Trust in a Loving and Faithful God. Christian Hope Does Not Eliminate Evil and Suffering. Christian Hope Rests in Resurrection.
The Biblical Record The Exodus Martha and Mary The Pauline Corpus The Promise – Matthew and John - parakaleh'o Piety
Hope You will eventually be confronted with the question of Hope approaching the end of life. How will you answer that question? Paul answered it with the assurance of the resurrection: For I am convinced that neither death nor life…will be able to separate us from the love of God in Christ Jesus our Lord.
Selected Bibliography Bloch, E 1995a. Plaice, N, Plaice, S, Knight, P, trans. The Principle of Hope. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press. Brueggemann, W 2001. The prophetic imagination, second edition. Minneapolis: Fortress Press. Frankl, V E 1968. Mans search for meaning. New York: Washington Square Press. Hall, D H 2001. Lighten our darkness. Lima, Ohio: Academic Renewal Press. Hick, J 2007. Evil and the God of love. New York: Palgrave MacMillan. Hill, C C 2002. In Gods time. Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. James, W 1994. The varieties of religious experience. New York: The Modern Library. Koehn, D 2005. The nature of evil. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Kushner, H 1987. When all youve ever wanted isnt enough. New York: Pocket Books. Moltmann, J 2001. Gods kenosis in the creation and consummation of the world. John Moltmann. J 2000. Is there life after death? Polkinghorne, J and Welker, M eds. The end of the world and the ends of God. Harrisburg, PA: Trinity Press International, 238-255. Moltmann, J 1993. The Crucified God. (Minneapolis: Fortress Press.
Selected Bibliography, continued Moltmann, J 1965. Theology of hope: On the ground and the implications of a Christian eschatology. New York: Harper and Row. Polkinghorne, J 2000. Eschatology. Polkinghorne, J and Welker, M eds. The end of the world and the ends of God. Harrisburg, PA: Trinity Press International, 29-41. Polkinghorne, J and Welker, M 2000. Introduction. Polkinghorne, J and Welker, M eds. The end of the world and the ends of God. Harrisburg, PA: Trinity Press International, 1- 13. Polkinghorne, J 2001. Kenotic creation and divine action. Polkinghorne, J (ed). The Work of Love. Grand Rapids, Michigan/Cambridge, U.K.: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company/Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 2001, 94-96. Polkinghorne, J 2003. Living with hope. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press. Polkinghorne, J 2002b. The God of hope and the end of the world. New Haven: Yale University Press. Polkinghorne (ed). The Work of Love. Grand Rapids, Michigan/Cambridge, U.K.: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company/Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 137-151.
Selected Bibliography, continued Rahnerl, K 1965-1991. Ernst, C et al, trans. Theological investigations, 22 Volumes. London: Darton, Longman & Todd. St. John of the Cross 1991. Kavanaugh, K and Rodriguez, O, trans. The collected works of St. John of the Cross. Washington, D.C.: ICS Publications. Smith, H, 1991. The worlds religions. New York: HarperOne. Swinburne R 2010. The coherence of theism revised edition. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Tillich, P 1990. The right to hope. The Christian century. 107(33): 1065. Welker, M 2000a. Realistic eschatology. Polkinghorne, J and Welker, M eds. The end of the world and the ends of God. Harrisburg, PA: Trinity Press International, 205-208. Welker, M 2000b. Resurrection and eternal life. Polkinghorne, J and Welker, M eds. The end of the world and the ends of God. Harrisburg, PA: Trinity Press International, 279-290. Wittgenstein, L 1958. Philosophical investigations. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prenctice- Hall, Inc. Wright, R 2001. Nonzero. New York: Vintage Books. Yannaras, C 2004. Postmodern Metaphysics. Brookline, Massachusetts: Holy Cross Orthodox Press.
Somehow Richard Swinburne seems a proper point to end when he quotes D. Z. Phillips who says: When deep religious believers pray for something, they are not so much asking God to bring this about, but in a way telling him of the strength of their desires. In prayers of confession and in prayers of petition, the believer is trying to find a meaning and a hope that will deliver him from the elements in his life which threaten to destroy it. (Swinnburne 2010: 94).