Presentation on theme: "Importance of infant attachment Chapter 31. Communication and social behaviour Humans are social animals. To operate sucessfully the members of a group."— Presentation transcript:
Communication and social behaviour Humans are social animals. To operate sucessfully the members of a group must be able to communicate with one another. Social behaviour involves transmitting and receiving information using signs and signals (e.g. verbal,written and body language
Infant attachment In humans the period of dependency by the infant on the adult is a long one. The reason for this is that the move from baby to child to adult requires much learning
Infant attachment The tie that binds the baby to the carer At first attachment is indiscriminate Specific attachment to the mother (and carers) begins at about 6-7 months. The provision of food and contact comfort are the basis of the attachment.
Importance of infant attachment The long period of dependency gives a secure base for development Allows child to explore-discovers opportunities for learning Sense of safety necessary for social and cognitive skills to develop in
Attachment The base upon which all development takes place
Effect of deprivation Denying children contact comfort can result in the development of disturbed adults children who suffer from social deprivation can be prevented from forming social attachments children may miss out on opportunities to develop essential communication skills
The “Strange Situation” type of attachment secure insecure detached (avoidant)resistant response to the departure of mother Displays major distress displays indifference or mild distress displays major distress response to the presence of stranger in absence of mother resists offer of comfort from stranger accepts comfort from stranger if required resists offer of comfort from stranger response to the return of mother goes to mother immediately for comfort and then clams down and returns to play ignores mother of approaches her looking away both seeks and resists comfort (e.g. approaches her to be picked up but then struggles to be released)