America Stays Out Neutrality Acts Isolationism Stays out of war for almost 2 years
Sides Form Axis Powers – Germany, Italy, Japan Allied Forces – Britain, France, eventually US and The Good Guys
Allied Forces United States Great Britain France Poland Australia New Zealand India Newfoundland South Africa Canada Norway Denmark Belgium Luxembourg Czechoslovakia Brazil Ethiopia Iraq Bolivia Columbia Liberia Peru Lebanon Saudi Arabia Argentina Chile Greece Yugoslavia Soviet Union*** Mongolia Panama Samoa Guam Puerto Rico Dominican Republic El Salvador Haiti Honduras Nicaragua China Mexico Guatemala Cuba Italy*** Romania Bulgaria San Marino Albania Ecuador Paraguay Uruguay Venezuela Turkey
US Breaks Neutrality Lend-Lease Act – would supply arms and other supplies to the Allies FDR wins 3 rd Term as President… –Why is this significant?
US Attacked Peace Talks with Japan Fail –Oil shipments stopped Bombing at Pearl Harbor – Dec 7, 1941 –21 Ships and 300 airplanes lost USS Arizona 2,400 Killed
America at War After Pearl Harbor we declare war on Japan then all the Axis Powers –Went to war in Europe first because we felt it was a bigger threat
United War Efforts 5 million signed up for Military –Another 5 million drafted –Large numbers of African, Mexican, Native and Asian-American –15 million in the end Mobilization – preparations for war Industrial Help – converted factories produce war materials –Women go to work in the factories Rosie the Riveter
War in Africa and Italy Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower Allies Defeat Germany/Italy in North Africa –What challenges could there be fighting in the desert? Allies Crossed over to Italy –Italy defeated, Germany continued to fight
War in the Pacific Island Hopping – Attacking and capturing key islands Midway: Philippines – Bataan Death March: –Douglas MacArthur Iwo Jima: Okinawa: Japanese fought until the death, they fought for honor…Dangerous
Atomic Bomb Manhattan Project – a top secret program to develop extremely powerful weapons Albert Einstein What do we do: Invade Japan or Drop Bomb??? Hiroshima – Little Boy – 70,000+ dead Nagasaki – Fat Man – 50,000+ dead In the end over 200,000 would die of effects
American Response Containment– dont allow communism to spread Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan –Giving support and money to countries threatened by communism North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) –An attack on one is an attack on all Question: In your opinion should the US be protecting other nations both then and now? Explain, why or why not?