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European Shipbuilding - LeaderSHIP 2015 EESC CCMI Hearing on the European Shipbuilding Industry Turku, 16 November 2006 Enterprise and Industry Directorate-General European Commission Patrick O’Riordan Unit ENTR/H-1: Aerospace, defence and maritime industries E-mail: patrick.o’firstname.lastname@example.org
Shipbuilding in the EU Basic definitions The EU shipbuilding industry consists of the yards, the marine equipment manufacturers and the related services (classification, insurance, banks, R&D institutes etc.). The fields of activity are the construction and repair of merchant ships, naval vessels, yachts above 24 m length, fishing vessels and other floating structures. The Commission deals with the sector in many ways. DG Enterprise and Industry is concerned with the global competitiveness of the sector. Industrial competitiveness is mainly addressed through the LeaderSHIP 2015 initiative. There is a close link with the EU’s general approach to industrial policies.
Shipbuilding in the EU Basic facts CESA (Community of European Shipyards’ Associations) and EMEC (European Marine Equipment Council) represent the industry on European level. CESA represents more than 300 yards and companies in 14 European countries (of which 3 non-EU), with a total employment of 115.000 and a turnover of ca. 13 billion Euro (2004, Korea: ca. 10 bn, Japan: ca. 9.5 bn, China: ca. 6 bn). World market share (2004/05): ca. 20% in new orders (cgt). EMEC represents 1250 companies in 11 European countries (of which 1 non-EU), with a total employment of ca. 260.000 and a turnover of ca. 26 billion Euro. World market share is ca. 35%. European yards and equipment manufacturers are global technology leaders in almost all fields.
LeaderSHIP 2015 Objectives Maintain and further develop a strong position in selected higher-value market segments Ensure world leadership in product and process innovation Develop a strong customer orientation Further improve the networked industry structure Optimise production processes and increasingly focus on knowledge-based products
LeaderSHIP 2015 Issues Issues addressed by the LeaderSHIP 2015 Advisory Group and taken up in the Communication “LeaderSHIP 2015 - Defining the future of the European Shipbuilding and Repair Industry - Competitiveness through Excellence” (COM(2003) 717 final of 21.11.2003) A Level Playing Field in World Shipbuilding Improving Research, Development and Innovation Investment Advanced Financing and Guarantee Schemes Promoting Safer and More Environment-Friendly Ships A European Approach to Naval Shipbuilding Needs Protection of European Intellectual Property Rights Securing the Access to a Skilled Workforce Building a Sustainable Industry Structure 30 concrete recommendations
LeaderSHIP 2015 Recommendations & Follow-up Council Conclusions of 26-27 November 2003 (CS/2003/15141) endorsing general approach and selected recommendations Full set of recommendations: http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/maritime/maritime_industrial/leadership_2015.htm Implementation of recommendations on-going (industry with the European Commission) Progress report to the Council in 1 st half of 2007 Input to other policies where necessary Extension to the marine equipment sector Transposition into national plans (DE, NL, …)
LeaderSHIP 2015 Links with Other Community Policies LeaderSHIP2015 Industry (CESA) & Commission (co-ordinated by DG ENTR/H-1) TRADE WTO (Dispute Settlement) OECD (Int’l Shipbuilding Agreement) (Export Credits) COMPETITION Framework on State Aid to Shipbuilding (OJ 2003/C 317/06) R&D Framework Programmes (FP7: WaterBORNE TP) EMPLOYMENT Sectoral Social Dialogue (EC funded) DEFENCE Communication “European Defence – Industrial and Market Issues” (COM(2003) 113 final of 11.03.2003) TRANSPORT Maritime Safety & Security IMO Short Sea Shipping MARITIME AFFAIRS Green Paper “Towards a Future Maritime Policy for the Union”
Shipbuilding in the EU Current issues (short to mid term) LeaderSHIP 2015: OECD Working Party, international agreement(s) Market monitoring, esp. for China EU shipyard financing R&D, preparation of FP7, Waterborne TP Transport Policy review, esp. short sea shipping IPR study Industry structure, esp. Poland and Croatia State aid framework (prolongation and updating; regional investment and innovation aid; capacity “philosophy”) Maritime Policy Green Paper process Ship recycling (IMO and EU)
Conclusion We are living in changing and challenging times, but the European Commission is there to help: Ennen oli miehet rautaa Laivat oli puuta, hii-o-hoi Puuta ovat miehet nyt Ja Laivat ovat rautaa, hii-o-hoi Hii-o-hoi
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