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Solvency ii: an overview Lloyds May 2009
© LloydsSolvency II May 20092 Contents Solvency II: key features Legislative process Solvency II implementation Conclusions
© LloydsSolvency II May 20093 Solvency II: key features
© LloydsSolvency II May 20094 Solvency II – the basics… Introduces a new, harmonised EU-wide regulatory regime. Replaces 14 existing insurance directives. No substantive changes to existing provisions apart from thosenecessary in order to introduce the new solvency regime. Objectives: Better regulation. Deeper integration of EU insurance market. Enhanced policyholder protection. Improved competitiveness of EU insurers.
© LloydsSolvency II May 20095 Solvency II is based on a three-pillar approach Balance sheet valuation & capital requirements Harmonised standards for the valuation of assets and liabilities and the calculation of capital requirements (SCR and MCR). Pillar 1 Quantitative Requirements Pillar 2 Supervisory Review Pillar 3 Disclosure Review process To ensure that insurers have good monitoring and management of risks and adequate capital. Market discipline and disclosure Harmonisation of disclosure requirements, allowing capital adequacy to be compared across institutions.
© LloydsSolvency II May 20096 Key features of Solvency II Economic risk-based solvency requirements… …insurers required to hold capital against a range of risks, not just insurance risks. Total balance sheet type regime…..all the risks and their interactions considered. Insurers required to identify, measure and proactively manage risks… …introduction of Own Risk and Solvency Assessment (ORSA). Supervisory Review Process. Greater public disclosure. Strengthened role for group supervisor.
© LloydsSolvency II May 20097 Solvency II is not just about Capital. It is a change of Behaviour. Thomas Steffen, Chairman of CEIOPS
© LloydsSolvency II May 20098 Legislative process
© LloydsSolvency II May 20099 Legislative structure Developed in accordance with the EUs Lamfalussy process: Level 1 – Framework Directive -Sets out key principles. -Adopted via co-decision: by European Parliament and Council. Level 2 – Implementing Measures -Detailed requirements. -Tested through QISs (Quantitative Impact Studies). Level 3 – Supervisory co-operation to ensure harmonised outcome Level 4 – Post-implementation enforcement
© LloydsSolvency II May 200910 Countdown to Solvency II July 2007 – Draft Framework Directive published. 2009 – Framework Directive adopted. 2011 – Adoption of Implementing Measures. By 31 October 2012 – Transposition of the Directive into national laws.
© LloydsSolvency II May 200911 Solvency II implementation
© LloydsSolvency II May 200912 Pillar 1 requires demonstration of adequate financial resources Minimum Capital Requirement (MCR) Below the MCR, policyholders are exposed to unacceptable risk. Breaching the MCR leads to serious supervisory action. Calculation method yet to be finalised. Solvency Capital Requirement (SCR) At a confidence level of 99.5% over one year. May be calculated using standard formula… …or an internal model, with supervisory approval. Both calculation methods take at least six specified risk modules into account.
© LloydsSolvency II May 200913 Pillar 2 includes developing and embedding governance requirements An insurer must have an effective risk management system… …owned and implemented by senior management. Must consider all risks to which insurer is exposed. Risk and capital management must be integrated. An insurer must undertake an Own Risk and Solvency Assessment (ORSA). Internal risk assessment process. Aims to ensure senior management have conducted a review of risks… …and that the insurer holds sufficient capital against those risks.
© LloydsSolvency II May 200914 Pillar 3: harnessing market discipline to support regulatory objectives Aims to ensure consistent supervisory reporting and disclosure across the EU. Detailed harmonised reporting requirements still to be finalised. Insurers should be prepared to disclose more information publicly than at present. Likely to require two different types of report: Public, annual Solvency and Financial Condition report; Further information needed for the purposes of supervision.
© LloydsSolvency II May 200915 FSA: Solvency II preparation requires input from across a business Key Messages Governance & Reporting Financial resources Internal models Implications for supervision Board and senior mgmt XXXXX XXX Risk Management XXXXX XXXXXXXXX Finances XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Actuarial XXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXX Internal Audit XX XXX XXXXX Action XX Contribute XXXX Key Responsibility X Be aware XXX Active Involvement
© LloydsSolvency II May 200916 Solvency II and Lloyds Framework Directive continues to treat Lloyds as a single entity - the Association of underwriters known as Lloyds... …So Solvency II capital requirements apply to Lloyds as a whole. Lloyds will seek FSA approval for an internal model… …And syndicate internal models will be key components of Lloyds internal model. Current capital regime - UK ICAS. Lloyds experience of ICAS will help it to meet Solvency II. Importance of Letters of Credit recognised. Ongoing discussions with the FSA about the implementation of Solvency II at Lloyds.
© LloydsSolvency II May 200917 Solvency II - Conclusions This is an ambitious proposal that will completely overhaul the way we ensure the financial soundness of our insurers. We are setting a world-leading standard that requires insurers to focus on managing all the risks they face and enables them to operate much more efficiently. Its good news for consumers, for the insurance industry and for the EU economy as a whole. Charlie McCreevy, EU Internal Market and Services Commissioner
© LloydsSolvency II May 200918
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