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ASSESSMENT & PLANNING FOR POST-DISASTER RECOVERY OF COMMUNITY INFRASTRUCTURE United Nations Development Programme Bureau for Crisis Prevention & Recovery.

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Presentation on theme: "ASSESSMENT & PLANNING FOR POST-DISASTER RECOVERY OF COMMUNITY INFRASTRUCTURE United Nations Development Programme Bureau for Crisis Prevention & Recovery."— Presentation transcript:

1 ASSESSMENT & PLANNING FOR POST-DISASTER RECOVERY OF COMMUNITY INFRASTRUCTURE United Nations Development Programme Bureau for Crisis Prevention & Recovery November 2010 Bangkok, Thailand

2 Presentation Order  Scoping Community Infrastructure (CI) for Recovery  Data Management for Community Infrastructure  Data Analysis  Estimation of Damage and Losses  Estimation of Human recovery Needs  Recovery Planning for CI

3 Scoping CI Recovery within PDNA  Common understanding of CI within the PDNA Team  “Critical community lifelines”: essential to sustain community life and support livelihoods; built and managed by communities  Positioning CI with other PDNA sectors  Identification of CI components, coordination/links with major national infrastructure, inter linkages with other sectors, e.g., agriculture, health, culture, etc.  Identification of key thematic areas  Design consideration, community mobilization, long-term maintenance, etc.

4 Data Management for CI Recovery  Identification of source of information Baseline Impact assessment Field verification  Standard format for data collection Matrix for DaLA Questionnaires for HRNA  Consistency with IM strategy of PDNA  Determination of sampling approach  Managing human resources for assessment

5 Data Sources  Baseline (secondary data):  National statistics, demographic, social, economic characteristics  Typical sources of information: recent household surveys; updated maps, sectoral baselines, cadasters  Impact assessment (secondary data):  Post-disaster remote sensing, Humanitarian needs assessments, Government’s preliminary assessment reports, NGOs/UN agency situation reports,, etc..  Field verification and stakeholder consultation (primary data)

6 Information Management for CI Recovery  Data/ Information Management Process:  Data collection, processing, analysis, interpretation, storage, dissemination, monitoring, etc.  Consultative process:  Key users of CI and key actors in recovery including: affected communities (men, women, youth, elderly, leaders, etc.) national and local authorities, CBOs, private sector, NGOs, donors, international agencies, etc.

7 Data Analysis: Damage and Loss assessment  CI damages will be determined by repair or replacement cost (expressed in current values).  Replacement cost will include environmental and social (e.g. gender, age, disability) considerations, DRR, technological innovations, etc.  Indirect effects or losses will be assessed by the disruption of goods and services (expressed in current values).  Indirect losses will include the additional cost of interim arrangements/temporary solutions.

8 Data Analysis: Assessment of Human Recovery Needs  Community participation & empowerment  Community engagement in recovery stages  Community perspectives on recovery needs  Linkages to other sectors and cross- cutting themes  Linkages to governance networks

9 Data Analysis: Assessment of Recovery Needs  A consultative & participatory process to capture traditional & local knowledge, wisdom & perspectives.  Recovery needs of the affected community assessed with linkages to:  Livelihoods systems  Technical &environmental considerations  Socio-political considerations  Human development aspects  Gender & diversity  Disaster Risk Reduction  Skill development  Local governance

10 Recovery Planning for Community Infrastructure  CI recovery is an integral part of livelihood restoration process  Conformity with existing plans, policies and strategies  Linkages with recovery planning of other sectors  Integrating cross-cutting issues (e.g., Gender, Environment, Protection)  Capacity building of affected communities  Risk reduction emphasis (disaster and/or conflict risks)

11 Examples of Assistance for CI Recovery  Clearance of debris & opening up access & community sites  Restoration & upgrading access road networks, including secondary & tertiary roads  Restoration of drainage & small scale water resource infrastructure  Restoration and strengthening of ICT and community Early Warning System  Assistance for recovery of local enterprises, especially communally- managed  Repair of religious spaces  Capacity building & training for community & local government institutions

12 Objective To restore community accessibility & support livelihood recovery of affected populations. To create short-term opportunities for poor/ unemployed people in affected communities To promote ‘ build back better ’ concept by adopting risk reduction measures Strategic Interventions Identification of community roads & structures to be restored urgently for community livelihood recovery Selection of labour-intensive methods & techniques taking into account local practices & resources Establishment of appropriate CFW for repair, upgrade and reconstruction of community roads & structures Affirmative actions to promote greater participation of women Environmental measures e.g. tree plantation, slope stabilization & drainage clearage Conduct training for local masons & workers on methods for resilient construction Institute mechanism for community-based monitoring Duration 6-9 months Partners Local Government Authority, NGOs/CBOs Determination of Recovery Costs Example - Project Profile : Community Access Roads

13 Phased Strategy for Full Recovery of CI Short-term Medium-term Long-term Facilitate rescue & relief operations Support spontaneous recovery Restore essential facilities & infrastructure Mitigate health hazards Livelihood system restoration Repair & reconstruct local infrastructure Support self- recovery & local enterprise recovery Prepare conditions for long-term development Build community capacity Strengthen local institutions Promote resilience & safety standards Sustainable maintenance

14 Thank you  Questions or comments?

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