Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Causes and Effects of World War I

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Causes and Effects of World War I"— Presentation transcript:

1 Causes and Effects of World War I

2 M A N I Causes of World War I - MANIA
ilitarism – policy of building up strong military forces to prepare for war lliances - agreements between nations to aid and protect one another ationalism – pride in or devotion to one’s country mperialism – when one country takes over another country economically and politically ssassination – murder of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand

3 Militarism Alliance Nationalism Imperialism Causes of World War I
Balkan Powder Keg Caution Explosive Militarism Arms race Blank Check Given to Austria by Germany Alliance System Nationalism Immediate Cause The Assassination At Sarajevo Set off the Powder Keg and Started WWI Imperialism 1 9 4 Assassination


5 Causes of WWI - Nationalism

6 Militarism Survival of the Fittest
Militarists painted war in romantic colors Rotation in Service Building up of military: Protection of overseas colonies nationalism Britain 2 power standard

7 1910-1914 Increase in Defense Expenditures
Causes of WWI - Militarism Total Defense Expenditures for the Great Powers [Ger., A-H, It., Fr., Br., Rus.] in millions of £s (British pounds). 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1914 94 130 154 268 289 398 Increase in Defense Expenditures France 10% Britain 13% Russia 39% Germany 73%

8 Causes of WWI - Alliances
Triple Entente: Triple Alliance: Great Britain Germany Austria-Hungary France Russia Italy

9 Causes of World War I: Nationalism
Aggressive Nationalism France and Germany Germany proud of military and Industrial strength. French loss in Franco Prussia War/revenge Recovery of lost provinces Alsace and Lorraine

10 Balkans 1914 Southeastern Europe East of Italy Dominated by the Austrian Hungarian Empire Slavic Nations Russia felt the need to protect the other Slavic nations because of its size. Pan-Slavism  - movement to unify all of the Slavic people. Trouble in Serbia with Austrian Hungarian Empire.


12 Imperialism 1905 and 1911 Moroccan Crisis
France and Germany almost to the brink of war Morocco: France vs. Germany Britain sides with France/resents Germany industrial strength. Britain and France develop closer ties. European nations taking over parts of the Ottoman Empire.


14 Causes of WWI - Assassination
Archduke Franz Ferdinand and Duchess Sophie at Sarajevo, Bosnia, on June 28th, 1914.

15 The Legacy of War 8.5 Million Killed 21 million wounded
War Costs 338 billion, destroys towns, and land in Europe and Russia Disillusionment: Lost Generation: generation of young adults are killed and they are disillusioned with capitalism and democracy.

16 Collapse of the Empires
Breakup of Austrian Hungarian Empire Austria and Hungary become independent nations Czechoslovakia & Yugoslavia were formed Italy and Romania gained land

17 Ottoman Empire Dissolved
Turkey becomes independent Most of the Arab nations were put under the control of Britain and France Mandates Russian and German Losses Other nations Formed: Poland, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania

18 The Treaty of Versailles: Major Provisions
League of Nations Territorial Losses/Germany returns Alsace Lorraine; French Border extended to the Rhine; Germany surrenders all of its overseas colonies in Africa and the Pacific Military restrictions/limits size of German Army; cannot build or import weapons, submarines, airplanes

19 The Treaty of Versailles: War Guilt
Sole responsibility for the war placed on Germany’s shoulders Germany forced to pay the Allies 33 Billion in reparations over 30 years. Laid the ground work for WWII.

20 Bibliography

Download ppt "Causes and Effects of World War I"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google