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UNITED NATIONS IT’S YOUR WORLD © 2011 Biba S. Kavass
OBJECTIVES Why was the United Nations created? Main PurposesBrief History Facts at a Glance Main Bodies Specialized Agencies Fundamental Issues © 2011 Biba S. Kavass
WHY WAS THE UN CREATED? Created as an international peacekeeping organization to prevent another disastrous and costly war such as World War II. © 2011 Biba S. Kavass
MAIN PURPOSES OF UN To keep peace throughout the world;To develop friendly relations among nations; To help nations work together to improve the lives of poor people, to conquer hunger, disease and illiteracy, and to encourage respect for each other’s rights and freedoms; To be a center for harmonizing the actions of nations to achieve these goals. SOURCE: © 2011 Biba S. Kavass
BRIEF HISTORY OF UN League of Nations – Founded after WWI to keep peace and prevent another world war – 57 countries joined but US never did – disbanded at beginning of WWII 1944 – US President Franklin Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin met to develop a new international organization 1945 – Representatives from 50 countries met in San Francisco and signed the charter for the United Nations (Poland not present but considered original member). SOURCE: © 2011 Biba S. Kavass
FACTS AT A GLANCE Headquartered in New York City – but land and building are considered “international territory” UN European Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland 192 member states Senior Officer is Secretary-General Has its own flag, post office, and postage stamps UN Flag and Emblem – olive branch as sign of peace 6 official languages spoken at UN – Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish SOURCE: © 2011 Biba S. Kavass
MAIN BODIES OF UN General Assembly – forum for all member states to meet and discuss international issues Security Council – maintains international peace and security – serves as a mediator and investigator (if necessary) – can issue cease-fire initiatives and send UN peace-keeping forces Economic & Social Council – promotes standards of living, economic and social progress, cultural and educational rights, and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms Trusteeship Council – activities suspended – no longer any “trust” territories International Court of Justice – located in The Hague in Netherlands – settles legal disputes between UN member states Secretariat – carries out administrative operations for UN – 44,000 civil workers around the world SOURCE: © 2011 Biba S. Kavass
SPECIALIZED AGENCIES International Monetary Fund (IMF)Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) United Nations Human Settlements Program (UN-HABITAT) United Nations World Food Program(WFP) World Bank Group World Health Organization (WHO) Additional agencies and committees SOURCE: © 2011 Biba S. Kavass
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT Assist in alleviating povertyCreate a healthy and educated labor force Protect limited resources Develop a global infrastructure for industry and commerce SOURCE: Docalavich, H. (2007). The un and the global marketplace. Broomall, PA: Mason Crest Publishers, Inc © 2011 Biba S. Kavass
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT UNDP – United Nations Development ProgramGlobal development network Connects countries to knowledge, experience, and resources to help create solutions to global and national development challenges Assists developing countries in procuring aid UNIDO – United Nations Industrial Development Organization Promotes industrialization Delivers critical skills, information, and technology to promote growth of employment, a competitive economy, and sound environment. SOURCE: Docalavich, H. (2007). The un and the global marketplace. Broomall, PA: Mason Crest Publishers, Inc © 2011 Biba S. Kavass
FUNDAMENTAL ISSUES Sustainable DevelopmentThe following are a list of some of the issues that the United Nations is currently working on: Sustainable Development Environment and Refugees Protection Disaster Relief Counter Terrorism Disarmament Advancement of Women Promoting Democracy, Human Rights, and Gender Equality Clearing Landmines Expanding Food Production International Health SOURCE: © 2011 Biba S. Kavass
UN BUILDING IN NEW YORK © 2011 Biba S. Kavass
UN YEAR IN REVIEW - 2010 http://www.unmultimedia.org/tv/yearinreview/© 2011 Biba S. Kavass
NAME 5 ECONOMIC CONCEPTS THAT ARE ADDRESSED BY THE UNITED NATIONS.REVIEW NAME 5 ECONOMIC CONCEPTS THAT ARE ADDRESSED BY THE UNITED NATIONS. © 2011 Biba S. Kavass
REVIEW- POSSIBLE ANSWERSNAME 5 ECONOMIC CONCEPTS THAT ARE ADDRESSED BY THE UNITED NATIONS: Scarcity Wants and Needs International Trade Globalization Circular Flow of Economic Activity Population Growth Economic Development Poverty and Distribution of Income Allocation of Resources Role of Government © 2011 Biba S. Kavass
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