Presentation on theme: "Eduardo Guillén Luis Fernández. When the action is more important than the person or thing doing the action (the agent). People were killed by the murderer."— Presentation transcript:
When the action is more important than the person or thing doing the action (the agent). People were killed by the murderer When the agent is unknown. The keys were stolen In more formal situations. A new government has been elected
We form it by putting the verb to be into the same tense as the active verb and adding the past participle of the active verb. The manager creates profiles Profiles are created by the manager The object becomes the subject, and the subject becomes the agent, and it is preceded by “by”.
TensesActive VoicePassive Voice Simple present Simple past The assistant types reports The assistant typed reports Reports are typed Reports were typed Present continuous Past continuous The assistant is typing reports The assistant was typing reports Reports are being typed Reports were being typed Present perfect Past perfect The assistant has typed reports The assistant had typed reports Reports have been typed Reports had been typed Simple future Future perfect The assistant will type reports The assistant will have typed reports Reports will be typed Reports will have been typed Conditional Conditional perfect The assistant would type reports The assistant would have typed reports Reports would be typed Reports would have been typed Present infinitive Perfect infinitive The assistant ought to type reports The assistant ought to have typed reports Reports ought to be typed Reports ought to have been typed Gerund Perfect gerund The assistant hates people asking her to type reports The assistant remembers her boss having asked her to type reports The assistant hates being asked to type reports The assistant remembers having been asked to type reports
We can use “it” + passive (that) + active clausse. It is said that most computer users are women Or we can use passive + to + infinitive. Most computer users are thought to surf the net And also passive + perfect infinitive. The president is known to have been involved in the incident
We use subject + have / get + object + past participle when we talk colloquially and want to say that the subject suffers an action made by someone else. She had her leg broken They are going to get their hair cut We use “have something done” when we mean that the subject is not responsible over what happens. I had my passport stolen on holiday And we use “get something done” when we mean that the subject causes something to happen (maybe accidentally). I got my hand trapped in the door of the car
Won’t have + object + present participle / past participle, to say that we will not allow someone to do something, or something to happen. I won’t have you watching TV all day Want + object + past participle, to say that we would like someone to do something or we would like something to happen. I want the report finished by tomorrow morning