Presentation on theme: "The Three Monotheistic Religions"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Three Monotheistic Religions Mrs. Jones’ 7th Grade Social StudiesJudaismChristianityIslam
2 Why Study Religion?1. Religion plays an important role in history and culture. Ex. Sept.11,20012. This is not a devotional study but academic. We will be fair and balanced.3. We need to understand the U.S. 1st amendment rights – freedom of religion for all – not just the people that believe as we do.**To understand the history and culture of the middle east (Southwest Asia) we need to know the basic facts about the three religions that started here - Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
4 CovenantAn agreement between God and Abraham; God promised Abraham and his descendants the land of Israel; they are the chosen people.
5 3 World Religions Family Tree “Father of all 3 religions”AbrahamFounder of Judaism(about 4000 yrs. ago)Sarah“Wife”Hagar“Sarah’s Servant”Isaac(Abraham’s 1st born son from marriage.)Ishmael(Abraham’s 1st born)MosesThe prophet who received“The Ten Commandments”After Isaac was born, Hagar and Ishmael cast out and sent back to Arab lands.Jesus“Founder of Christianity”(about 2000 yrs. ago)Muhammad“Founder of Islam”(about 1400 yrs ago)-Prophet for Muslims-
6 Judaism Judaism is the oldest of the three religions. Name for God – Yahweh (Hebrew for GOD)Holy Book – The Torah (1st five books of the Bible)The Torah holds all of God’s laws including the Ten Commandments.
7 JudaismMajor BeliefsGod made a covenant with Abraham – his descendants are the chosen people and the land of ‘Israel’ belongs to them.Follow God’s commandments (The Ten Commandments – How to lead a good and moral life.)Fast during Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement)
8 Judaism Practices/Rituals/ Major Holidays Eat Kosher foods. – No pork or shellfish.Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement) – Most important holiday.Rosh Hashanah – Jewish New YearHanukkahPassover
9 Judaism Worship Services Three Sects/Groups Day of Worship – SaturdayPlace Synagogue or TempleReligious Leader – RabbiThree Sects/GroupsOrthodoxConservativeReformFounder – Abraham (nearly 4000 yrs. ago)Followers are called – JewsHoly City - Jerusalem
11 Christianity – Largest Quick FactsChristianity – LargestMost followed religion worldwide.Symbol: Cross
12 Christianity Name for God: God Holy Book: Bible Old Testament – history of law and prophetsNew Testament – includes four Gospels – stories of Jesus’ life
13 Major Beliefs1. Trinity – God, the Father; the Son (Jesus), the Holy Spirit (God’s presence on Earth)2. Jesus is the Savior3. Pray4. Follow 10 Commandments5. Charity (Love thy Neighbor)
14 Practices/Rituals/Major Holidays 1.Baptism2.Communion – Lord’s supper; reenacts Jesus’ last dinner before His death.3.Easter – Holiday that Christianity was based on … Most important!4.Christmas – Holiday celebrating Jesus’ birth.
15 Christianity Worship Services Day of Worship - SundayPlace – ChurchReligious Leader - Priests, Preacher, or Pastor.
16 Christianity Sects/Groups of Christians Catholic (oldest) Protestant – Originated as a PROTEST to Catholic churchEx. Baptist, Methodist, Presbyterian, Lutherans, etc.OrthodoxFounder - JESUSName for follower – CHRISTIANHoly City - Jerusalem
18 Islam Islam is the youngest of the three. Name for God – Allah Same God as Judaism and Christianity just a different name.Holy Book – Koran or Qur’an (pronounced the same)
19 Islam Major BeliefsFive Pillars of Faith (How a Muslim shows his/her devotion)There is no God but Allah.Pray 5x per day facing Mecca.Give to charity/poor.Fast during Ramadan.Pilgrimage to Mecca once in your lifetime.Believe in all of the same prophets as in the bible.
20 Practices/Rituals/Major Holidays Can’t eat pork or drink alcohol.Fast during Ramadan.Holidays – Ramadan -lasts an entire month and is celebrated because they believe this is the time that Muhammad spent on the mountain receiving the word of Allah (God).
21 They disagree on who should Islam Cont.Worship ServicesDay of Worship - FridayPlace - MosqueReligious leader – ClericSects/Groups :SunniShi’ite or ShiaThey disagree on who shouldlead the Muslim world.
22 Islam Cont. Founder – Muhammad Followers called – Muslim Holy cities – Mecca / Makkah (pronounced the same)Jerusalem
23 Quick Facts Holy City: Jerusalem All three religions Started here in theMiddle East. …They all considerJerusalem a holy city.