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United Nations Aims and Structures 1965 Successor of LON.

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Presentation on theme: "United Nations Aims and Structures 1965 Successor of LON."— Presentation transcript:

1 United Nations Aims and Structures 1965 Successor of LON

2 Aims of the UN Avoid future wars Maintain peace and security Forming friendly relationships between countries Achieve international cooperation and coordination of their actions Settle dispute peacefully UN can use force to deal with offending members and expel them from the organization

3 Structure – General Assembly Main forum for debate All members represented, each have up to 5 delegates but only 1 vote Matters settled via majority voting Meets annually, more frequently if the circumstances require No binding authority, members can choose not to abide Selects states required for non-permanent seats, members of other bodies and new members Disbar member states from voting if subscription not met for 2 years

4 Structure – The Security Council Executive council 15 members by 1956 – 10 temporary members, 5 permanent members : Britain, France, USA, The USSR and Nationalist China Permanent members posses power of Veto – Way of preventing action ( abstaining/absence from voting does not count as veto) Limitations for Veto – Cannot prevent a problem being discussed ‘Uniting for Peace’ resolution – Enables Assembly to take action in a crisis –Veto suspended for such scenarios Better equipped for taking quick action Can impose sanctions, authorize a cease-fire Authorizes local collective action in the form of regional pacts

5 Structure - The Trusteeship Council Inherited the work of the League’s Mandates Commission Undertake to promote economic, social and educational advance and to prepare the trust territories for self- government

6 Structure – The Secretariat Civil Service of UN Secretary-General(Head) recommended to General Assembly by Security Council and appointed on a majority vote Manage the whole organization Draw the attention of the Security Council to any problem affecting peace Lead UN missions Absolute impartiality( fair mindedness)

7 Structure – The court of international justice Founded in 1946 15 Judges Adjudicates in disputes between states Gives a decision but has no means of enforcing its judgments Can only operate successfully when both parties to the dispute accept the verdict

8 Structure – The International Criminal Court (ICC) 2003 Try individuals accused of crimes against humanity Dealt with war crimes, genocide and other crimes against humanity Consisted of 18 judges and was based in Hague, Holland

9 Structures – Social and Economic Council (ECOSOC) 27 members, elected by the General Assembly Organizes projects concerned with health, education and other social and economic matters 4 regional commissions and commissions on population problems

10 Commissions – The Human Rights Commission Works under the supervision of ECOSOC Ensures all governments treat their people in a civilized way Member governments expected to produce a report every 3 years on humans right in their country However, lack of enforcement; can only hope for influence via world opinion

11 Commissions – Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Raise living Standards by encouraging improvements in agricultural production Introduce new varieties to ensure increased survivability of crops Introduce new methods to increase food production Cash is funded for these projects Aid in supplying food to countries in times of emergencies

12 Commissions – The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO ) Encourage the spread of literacy Foster international co-operation between scientist, scholars and artists in all fields Works based on the theory that the best way to avoid war is by educating people's minds in the pursuit of peace Most time and resources spend setting up schools and teacher–training colleges in under-developed countries

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