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Areas of US Involvement

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Presentation on theme: "Areas of US Involvement"— Presentation transcript:

1 Areas of US Involvement

2 Alaska & Hawaii 1867 – America buys Alaska from Russia
Many American’s believed this would be foolish but Secretary of State William Seward believed Alaska to be rich in resources Seward’s Folly – nickname given to the Alaska purchase by people who believed it to be a bad move for the United States.

3 Alaska & Hawaii cont… 1850 – American business leaders become interested in the ample sugar plantations in Hawaii Wealthy white plantation owners struggled with the Hawaiian monarchy for control of the sugar crop Queen Liliuokalani – Hawaiian Queen who opposed the wealthy plantation owners 1898 – US Troops aid owners – US annexed Hawaii

4 Cuba 1895 – Cuban people were under Spanish rule and rebelled.
Spain sends 150,000 troops to restore order and locate thousands of Cuban rebels in concentration camps. Pressure rose in the states for the United States to intervene

5 The Media Plays it’s Hand
William Randolph Hearst (The New York Journal) & Joseph Pulitzer (The New York World) – engaged in writing dueling stories about the events in Cuba Their stories were exaggerated and untrue – they were meant to do what? Became known as Yellow Journalism – brand of journalism that downplays legit news for eye-catching headlines

6 Rise of Jingoism These articles caused citizens to call for a tougher foreign policy stance Jingoism – form of extreme patriotism through aggressive foreign policy *VIDEO 75* Leading voice of this cause was Assistant Secretary of the Navy, Theodore Roosevelt When US goes to war, Roosevelt resigns from his post to become Lt. Colonel and lead a group of volunteers known as the Rough Riders – 1st United States Volunteer Calvary Regiment

7 Spanish-American War

8 USS Maine February 15th, 1898 – Exploded while sitting anchored in a harbor of Cuba Immediate public reaction was to blame Spain and citizens called for War It was later determined explosion was an accident Following, Congress passed war resolution on Spain, April 1898

9 War Escalates US Commodore George Dewey – sets sail towards the Philippines – another Spanish colony Dewey ambushed the entire fleet and easily seized control

10 In Cuba Roosevelt leads the Rough Riders on charges at Kettle & San Juan Hills In less than 3 months, the US had defeated Spain in both Cuba and the Philippines John Hay, future secretary of state referred to it as “a splendid little war”

11 Post War Events War officially ends with the Treaty of Paris (1898)
As part of the resolution to war, Congress had attached a piece of legislation known as the Teller Amendment – this promised that the US would allow Cuban independence, not annex the territory. There would however be 3 years of US military involvement 1900 – Cuba began drafting own constitution – Platt Amendment – included in Constitution, limited Cuba’s government and gave two Navy bases to US US gains Puerto Rico, Philippines, and Guam *VIDEO 76*





16 The Panama Canal 1901 – President William McKinley is assassinated
Theodore Roosevelt becomes 26th President Wanted a canal across Panama (would allow for to transporting of goods from Pacific [Philippines, Guam, & Hawaii] and Atlantic [Cuba & Puerto Rico] instead of going around South America Columbian Government was in control Panamanian people revolt in 1903 and US supported Allowed US to lease land needed, 1914 – Panama Canal *VIDEO 77*


18 Trouble in Mexico At same time the Panama Canal project was underway, there was civil war in Mexico August 1914 – US aided Venustiano Carranza’s take over of the Mexican Government Carranza’s enemy, Pancho Villa – crossed the Rio Grande into New Mexico and killed 19 people President Woodrow Wilson – responded by sending 15,000 troops led by General John Pershing “Black Jack” to capture Villa World War I eventually pulls attention of the US and Villa is never captured. These attempts to capture Villa were known as the Pancho Villa Raids


20 Presidents George Washington John Adams James Buchanan
Thomas Jefferson James Madison James Monroe John Q. Adams Andrew Jackson Martin Van Buren William Henry Harrison John Tyler James K. Polk Zachary Taylor Millard Fillmore 14. Franklin Pierce James Buchanan Abraham Lincoln Andrew Johnson Ulysses S. Grant Rutherford B. Hayes James A. Garfield Chester A. Arthur Grover Cleveland Benjamin Harrison William McKinley Theodore Roosevelt Underline – Died in Office, Bold - Assassinated

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