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Take Five… What is the difference between an internal and external tax?

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Presentation on theme: "Take Five… What is the difference between an internal and external tax?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Take Five… What is the difference between an internal and external tax?

2 Years of Tumult 1763-1770

3 Salutary Neglect Navigation acts, Prohibiting paper currency, Regulating trade Robert Walpoles attitude Confusion and corruption of government

4 Attitude of colonists Little Parliaments Little England Albany Plan Benjamin Franklin

5 Take Five

6 The Wars Resume Seven Years War ( French and Indian war) Conflict over the Ohio River Valley Virginia fights back Robert Dinwiddie Fort Necessity Impressments Germ warfare The Cajuns

7 The Glorious Victory William Pitt General Wolfe Attacking Quebec Peace of Paris

8 Gains of the Seven Years War Conflicts of interest British Canada Sugar islands British rule in Canada French Indians General Sir Jeffrey Amherst Pontiacs Rebellion Proclamation Line of 1763

9 Map of Ohio River Valley Region


11 The Redcoats in the Colonies The Quartering Act Establishing Parliamentary rule over the colonies William Pitt and the English national debt

12 George Grenville (1763) Changing the Molasses Act American Revenue Act (Sugar Act of 1764) New Englands reaction Whigs Elected assemblies Trial by jury Boycotting imports

13 The Currency Act (1764) Post war economic depression Middling class outrage Distribution of pamphlets Reduction of the tax on molasses

14 The Stamp Act of 1765 Acts of noncompliance Vice-admiralty Courts John Dickinson Sons of Liberty Boycotts and violence Virginia resolves Patrick Henry The Stamp Act Congress James Otis Declaration of Rights and Grievances Lese-majeste

15 The Stamp Tax

16 The British Constitution Ideals of the Magna Carta Conflicts over representation Colonial viewpoint British viewpoint Virtual representation

17 King George III

18 Kings friends Dismissal of Grenville Lord Rockingham (July 1765-1766) Repeal of the Stamp Act Declaratory Act Protest back at home… Lord Chatham (William Pitt)

19 Charles Townshend (1766-1767) Townshend Duties Charles Townshend Mutiny Act (Quartering Act) 1765 Disbanding the New York assembly (army hq) Taxes on imports (external taxes) From Eng.: lead, paint, paper & tea BoycottsAmerican goods becomes fashionable Massachusetts Assembly Circular letter Lord North Repeal of the Townshend Duties

20 Riot to Rebellion 1770-1776

21 The colonies in 1763

22 Hostilities in the colonies The problem with the Redcoats Working classes and competition The role of alcohol The Boston Massacre (March 5, 1770) British Captain Thomas Prescott Liberty boys Paul Revere Samuel Adams John Adams Crispus Attucks The Trial of the Century… Internal disputes The Regulators

23 The Boston Massacre

24 Crispus Attucks

25 Paul Revere

26 Samuel Adams

27 John Adams

28 The March toward War Leaders of the rebellion James Otis Writs of assistance Patrick Henry Give me liberty or give me death Samuel Adams

29 Patrick Henry

30 The Tea Act of 1773 The Gaspee incident (1772) East India Co. Mercy Otis Warren The Daughters of Liberty Boston Tea Party (Dec. 16, 1773) Thomas Hutchinson

31 The Intolerable Acts Closing Boston ports A new governor and new policy A new government Quartering Act of 1774 Quebec Act of 1774

32 Turning toward revolution Committees of Correspondence Continental Congress Philadelphia The delegates The Suffolk Resolves Loyalty to the King Raising an army (the militia) Minutemen

33 The Midnight Ride

34 Paul Revere

35 First Blows Lexington and Concord Paul Revere, William Dawes & Samuel Prescott Sniping British retreat Another intolerable act Restriction of the Grand Banks

36 First Blows (cont) Battle of Bunker Hill (Breeds Hill) General Howe British victory Fort Ticonderoga Green mountain boys Ethan Allen

37 Benedict Arnold

38 General Sir William Howe

39 Battle of Fort Ticonderoga

40 Second Continental Congress Finding a General George Washington Declaration of the Cause & Necessity of Taking Up Arms Common Sense Thomas Paine

41 The Constitutional Convention

42 General George Washington

43 Voting for Independence The Declaration of Independence The Committee Thomas Jefferson, Roger Sherman, John Adams, Robert Livingston, Benjamin Franklin The issue of slavery Signing the declaration of independence John Hancock Increasing risk


45 What kind of men were the signers? 24 were lawyers and judges 11 were merchants 9 were farmers & large plantation owners All were well educated

46 Who said Freedom was Free? What happened to the 56 men who signed the Declaration of Independence? 5 were captured by the British as traitors and tortured before they died 12 had their homes ransacked and burned 2 lost their sons during the war 2 had their sons captured during the war 9 fought and died in the war

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