2 Central Historical Question: Why did the U.S. enter World War I?
3 WWI General Background Info Allied vs. Central PowersAllies = Triple Entente: France, Russia, Great Britain + Italy laterCentral Powers = Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire, Bulgaria1914 – 19181914 Spark = Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand (A-H)1918 Armistice = Germany signs the armistice in France (fighting stops 11th hour, 11th day, 11th month)Mass death & destruction, trench warfareLargest world conflict to date (killed 9-15 million)Modern weaponry (machines guns, tanks, chemical weapons)
4 M.A.I.N. Causes of WWI M: Militarism A: Alliances I: Imperialism “arms race”A: AlliancesCountries protected by others in case of war (promoted peace)I: ImperialismCompetition to amass more colonies (national wealth & influence)N: NationalismPride in one’s countrySmall counties wanted freedom from foreign rule
5 U.S. Involvement in WWIU.S. sympathized with Britain, but didn’t get involved until 1917Woodrow Wilson became POTUS in 1912Wilson was a Democrat from NJFun Fact: he won with less than 50% of the popular voteRepublican Party split into the Progressive Party (Roosevelt) & the Republican Party (Taft)Signed some progressive reforms, like the Keating-Owen Child Labor Act, the Clayton Antitrust Act, and the creation of the Federal Trade CommissionFun Fact: kind of racist – he supported segregation & screened “Birth of a Nation” in the White House1916 Wilson wins re-election (“He Kept Us Out of War” slogan)1915: RMS Lusitania torpedoed by German U-boat (128 U.S. deaths)
6 Main Question:Today we’re going to look at why the U.S. entered WWI after it had decided to stay neutral.
7 Central Historical Question: Why did the U.S. enter World War I?
8 Documents A & B: Wilson’s Speeches Does Wilson think the United States should enter WWI? Why or why not?How has Wilson’s attitude changed from the first speech?Do you trust Wilson’s speech and the reasons he gives for entering WWI?
9 Textbook Excerpt (pgs. 378-80) What reasons does the textbook give for why the U.S. entered the war?Do these reasons line up with Wilson’s reasons?Based on the reasons in Wilson’s speech and in the textbook, do you think the United States had good reasons for entering WWI?
10 Document C – Howard Zinn What is Howard Zinn’s argument as to why the U.S. entered WW1? What is his evidence?Does Zinn agree or disagree with the textbook?Do you find Zinn’s argument convincing? Why or why not?
11 Putting It All Together… In your journal (dated 1/28/14) write a complete paragraph that answers the following prompt:Using all the documents, what would you argue were the reasons the United States entered WW1?