2 READ the question on each slide. THINK about the answer.CLICK to check your answer.
3 What effect did agriculture have on the Virginia colony? The economy of Virginia depended on agriculture as the primary source of wealth.
4 What became Virginia’s most important cash crop? Tobacco
5 How did agriculture in the Virginia colony influence the institution of slavery? The successful cultivation of tobacco depended on a steady and inexpensive source of labor. African men, women, and children were brought to the Virginia colony against their will to work as slaves on the plantations.
6 How did colonial Virginia reflect other cultures? Whenever people settled an area, they brought their beliefs, cultures, and architecture with them. People adapted old customs to their new environments.
7 Where did various cultural groups settle in Virginia? English and other Europeans settled primarily in the ____________ and ________ regions.Germans and Scots-Irish settled primarily in the _________________ along the migration route.Africans were settled primarily in the ____________ and _________ regions.After the settlers arrived, most American Indians were forced to move _______.Coastal PlainPiedmontShenandoah ValleyCoastal PlainPiedmontinland
8 What were some reasons Virginia’s capital was moved from Jamestown to Williamsburg? Drinking water was contaminated by salt water.Unhealthy living conditions caused diseases.Fire destroyed buildings at Jamestown.
9 What were some reasons Virginia’s capital was moved from Williamsburg to Richmond? The population was moving westward.Richmond was a more central location.Moving to Richmond increased the distance from the sea and possible attack by the British.
10 What forms of exchange were used in the Virginia colony? Few people had paper money or coins. Barter was commonly used instead of money. Tobacco farmers could use their crop to pay for goods and services. People could also buy on credit and pay their debts when their crops were harvested and sold.
11 How was everyday life in colonial Virginia different for white Virginians, enslaved African Americans, and free African Americans?
12 Most white Virginians made their living from the land as small farmers Most white Virginians made their living from the land as small farmers. A few owned large plantations.Most enslaved African Americans worked in the tobacco fields and had no rights.Most free African American owned their own businesses and property but were denied most rights.
13 How did the colonists’ ideas about government differ from those of the British Parliament? Parliament believed it had the legal authority in the colonies and the right to tax the colonies.The colonists believed their local assemblies had legal authority and they should not be taxed by Parliament since they had no representation there.
14 Why was the Declaration of Independence important? The Declaration of Independence stated that the authority to govern belongs to the people and all people are created equal and have the rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
15 Which of these famous Americans was the author of the Declaration of Independence? Patrick HenryGeorge WashingtonThomas Jefferson
16 What roles did white Virginians have during the Revolutionary War? Some white Virginians served in the Continental Army and fought for independence. Others remained neutral and did not take sides. Some remained loyal to Great Britain.
17 What role did enslaved African Americans have during the Revolutionary War? Some enslaved African Americans fought for a better chance of freedom.
18 What role did free African Americans have during the Revolutionary War? Some free African Americans fought for independence from Great Britain.
19 What role did American Indians have during the Revolutionary War? Many American Indians fought alongside the Virginia patriots, while others fought with the British.
20 What important contribution was made by George Washington during the Revolutionary War? George Washington provided military leadership as commander-in-chief of the Continental Army.
21 What important contribution was made by Patrick Henry during the Revolutionary War? Patrick Henry inspired patriots when he spoke out against taxation without representation by saying, “…give me liberty or give me death.”
22 What important contribution was made by James Lafayette during the Revolutionary War? James Lafayette, an enslaved African American, served in the Continental Army and successfully requested his freedom after the war.
23 What was the importance of the Battle of Great Bridge? The Battle of Great Bridge was the first land battle of the American Revolution fought in Virginia. The American victory forced the British colonial governor to flee the City of Norfolk.
24 Who was Jack Jouett?Jack Jouett rode on horseback through the backwoods of Virginia to Charlottesville to warn Thomas Jefferson, then the governor of Virginia, that the British were coming to arrest him and members of the General Assembly.
25 What was the importance of the American victory at Yorktown? The American victory at Yorktown resulted in the surrender of the British army, which led to the end of the war.
26 Let’s review!The economy of the Virginia colony depended on ___________._________ became the most important cash crop.Colonial Virginia reflected the _________ of European immigrants, Africans, and American Indians.Virginia’s capital was moved from Jamestown to ___________ and then to __________.The colonists were against ___________ without representation in Parliament.The first land battle of the American Revolution fought in Virginia was the __________________.The victory at __________ led to the end of the war.agricultureTobaccocultureWilliamsburgRichmondtaxationBattle of Great BridgeYorktown