6 Spheres of InfluenceEuropean powers carved out areas for trade called spheres of influencethe old Foreign EnclavesIn their “spheres” they…Introduced western knowledge and languageTried to force Chinese to industrialize with railroads, coal mines, etc.
7 Key TermWesternization – adopting the social, political, economic institutions of the West (especially Europe and America)Look up in your booksSOI: page 310W: GlossaryER: pg 3367
10 Tea & OpiumChina was only source for tea, which the British drank in large amountsBritain traded opium for tea to balance tradeChinese became addictedThe opium addict often sold all his possessions to pay for the opium. This woodcut shows an addict's wife being sold to support his habit.
11 By 1835, approximately 12 million Chinese are addicted Chinese government outlawed opium but it was still smuggled in to China
12 The Opium War 1839-1842 Britain won the Opium War Britain had steam powered ships & cannonsChina was humiliated
13 In 1997 it was returned to Chinese control Treaty of NanjingGave the island of Hong Kong to BritainOpened other ports for trade w/BritainReimbursed Britain for costs of warGranted British citizens special rightsHong Kong todayIn 1997 it was returned to Chinese control
14 Key TermExtraterritorial Rights – right of foreign residents to follow the laws of their own country rather than the laws of the host countryLook up in your booksSOI: page 310W: GlossaryER: pg 33614
18 The Boxer Rebellion Chinese were tired of westerners in their country Huge nationalist movement beginsBoxers attack foreigners, missionaries, and Christian convertsBoxers are defeated by large multinational forceThe Boxer Rebelion - YouTube