4 One of the natural assets of some people is their body build or physique. This can be measured and the result is known as your SOMATOTYPE. There are 3 somatotypes.EndomorphMesomorphEctomorphEach of us is likely to be predominant in one or another of these.
12 Various body measurements are needed in order to work out your somatotype and together with your age and gender, these scores are read from a chart.The measurements taken are for:HeightWeightBone sizeMuscle girthFat
13 A score out of 7 will then be given in the following categories: Fatness-ENDOMORPHYMuscularity- MESOMORPHYLinearity (thinness )- ECTOMORPHYSo a persons somatotype might be 2:6:2. this would mean:2/7 for fat, 6/7 for muscle and 2/7 for thinness.
14 Once the somatotype is known, it can be plotted on a somato chart.
16 Sportspeople from certain sports seem to group together on the somato chart. For example most people are mesomorphs, but some, such as marathon runners and jockeys are closer to the Ectomorph end of the scale
24 Measuring your somatotype Measuring fatMost of the body is covered just beneath the skin with a substance that we call fat. As men get older they tend to increase in fat in the lower abdomen, while women increase fat on the thighs and buttocks as well.Fat is very good at conserving heat, so thin people feel the cold much more than fat people
25 TO DO THIS YOU USE SKIN FOLD CALIPERS. In order to find your somatotype, it is necessary to measure your body fat, or skinfolds, at 4 sites on your bodyTO DO THIS YOU USE SKIN FOLD CALIPERS.