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Year 9 Well Being My Changing Body.

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Presentation on theme: "Year 9 Well Being My Changing Body."— Presentation transcript:

1 Year 9 Well Being My Changing Body

2 Why do we have difficulty speaking about puberty?
Arm Leg Brain Penis Knee Foot Hand Vagina Elbow

3 What are some slang words used to represent the words below?

4 Questions: What is Puberty?
At what ages do you think males and females typically begin puberty? Describe some instances that you have experienced where you have been aware of physical and or emotional changes during puberty. We can see external changes quite easily, but there are many more changes happening internally, which are also important. It is sometimes more embarrassing to discuss these parts because they are more private.

5 Puberty Why do we experience Puberty?
We know that puberty happens to prepare males and females to be able to reproduce. What do the words reproduce and reproduction mean? When we talk about the reproductive organs, we are talking about the parts of the body that help reproduction happen.

6 Online Activity Log on to following website and complete the changes associated with puberty on the male and female diagrams (handout)

7 Girls and Puberty Brainstorm Visible Changes to Girls


9 Visible Changes to Girls
Girls and Puberty Visible Changes to Girls Breast Development Breasts may feel sore at times One breast often develops before the other It can take 3 – 5 years before breasts are fully grown Breasts are often unequal in size (e.g. one may be bigger than the other). Breast size is primarily determined by genes. Breast size can be affected by nutrition, pregnancy and/or surgery. Height and weight increases—an increase in body weight is normal and healthy.

10 Visible Changes to Girls
Girls and Puberty Visible Changes to Girls Weight changes: About 25% of the female adult body is fat and 15% of the male adult body is fat. 23% of the female body is muscle and 40% of the male is muscle. This means, generally, that men have more strength (can lift more) and perhaps run faster. Women can endure some kinds of physical stress more easily than men. Women, in general, can survive famine, cold, and drought better and do very well in endurance sports (long distance swimming, marathons, etc.). Hips broaden to prepare for the delivery of a baby. Armpit hair Pubic hair develops Hair grows on the legs and arms.

11 Discussion questions:
Girls and Puberty Discussion questions: What are breasts for? What determines whether a girl will have small breasts, medium sized breasts, or large breasts? Why might a girl worry about what size her breasts grow? Why do a girl’s hips get wider but a boy’s don’t?

12 External Genitals females are born with are:
Girls and Puberty External Genitals females are born with are: Vulva Consists of Labia Majora and Labia Minora (outer and inner folds of skin) Function as protection for the internal sex organs Clitoris Small, sensitive organ located above the opening to the vagina Function is one of sexual pleasure Three openings Urethra Vagina Anus

13 Internal Reproductive Organs
Girls and Puberty Internal Reproductive Organs All girls are born with their reproductive organs but they do not start to develop and function until puberty. Vagina Leads to the other internal reproductive organs Used for menstruation, intercourse, childbirth Not used for urination – opening just above vagina, called the urethra, is used for this purpose (side view diagram explains this concept best) A thin membrane (the hymen) surrounds the vaginal opening, may not be noticeable in some Uterus Also called the womb Special place in woman’s body where baby grows Very low in abdomen, nowhere near the stomach, about the size of a fist It is the uterus that enlarges during pregnancy, not the stomach

14 Internal Reproductive Organs
Girls and Puberty Internal Reproductive Organs Fallopian tubes Two tubes on either side of the uterus Passageway from the uterus to ovary Ovaries Females have 1-2 ovaries Reproductive glands Start producing hormones at puberty Hold about 250,000 ova (eggs) until puberty when they start being released –one released per month Ovum Also called egg cell Special cell which, when united with male sperm cell, can create a baby – this is called fertilization

15 Female Anatomy Remember to label the diagram in your workbook
Fallopian Tube Ovary Uterus Cervix Endometrium Vagina Remember to label the diagram in your workbook

16 Menstrual Cycle Go to Link:

17 Menstrual Cycle Menstruation
Uterus must prepare for growth of a baby if fertilization occurs Hormones from ovaries send message to uterus to grow a thick, soft lining of tissue and blood This lining contains nutrients that would be needed to nourish the egg and sperm if fertilization occurred If the egg is not fertilized in the fallopian tube, the lining is not needed to nourish a baby, so a message from ovary (by hormone) tells the uterus to shed the lining, takes 5-7 days to shed lining – this is called menstruation (having a period)

18 Menstrual Cycle Changes in reproductive organs at puberty. Discharge
Keeps vagina clean and healthy One of the early changes in puberty. A girl may notice some discharge on her underwear or on toilet paper. It varies from whitish and pasty to clear and slippery. This means a girl’s body is starting to mature and her period will be starting. If bad odour, itchy or unusual, may be an infection Ovulation Once ovaries start producing hormones, the message is given to start releasing one ovum, once a month from one ovary Usually a girl cannot feel this happening If egg is not fertilized in a day or so, it dissolves

19 Menstrual Cycle Menstruation
Usually menstruate once a month – bloody discharge trickles out of the body through the vagina, the lining is completely shed, a new lining begins to grow. Soon another egg is released, and if fertilization does not occur, the egg dissolves and that lining is shed. This continues to happen over and over again. That is why we call it the menstrual cycle. This is a normal change of puberty – something to be proud of – not something dirty or bad Some women experience menstrual cramps which can be relieved with pain killers or hot water bottles

20 Menstrual Cycle Discuss the following:
How does it feel if you fall and get a cut on your knee? How does it feel if you have a nosebleed? Do you think having a period if more like cutting your knee or more like a nosebleed? Why?

21 Menstrual Cycle Hygiene during menstruation
Menstruation is a normal change of puberty. It is not a sickness – usually can continue to participate in regular daily activities (e.g. physical education classes, gymnastics, swimming, etc.) Personal hygiene (i.e. bathing) even more important at this time as oil secretion from hair and skin may increase and menstrual blood may get dried in pubic hair Sanitary pads or tampons are used to absorb menstrual fluid You may want to show samples and explain their use Always wipe from front to back to help prevent infection

22 Menstrual Cycle Discuss the following: Why does a girl get a period?
How long does a period usually last? What does a girl use to absorb the menstrual blood? How does a woman decide which type of menstrual product she will use?

23 Menstrual Cycle Pads Various sizes of pads available, as the flow varies Pads have adhesive strip which sticks to underwear Necessary to wear protection 24 hours a day Must change pads frequently, approximately every 3-4 hours Dispose of pads in bins provided rather than toilet (wrap in toilet paper first) Scented pads may irritate some people’s skin

24 Menstrual Cycle Tampons Swimming requires the use of tampons
With tampons, menstrual fluid is absorbed within the vagina Tampons often not used by girls when period first starts Should be changed every 3-4 hours (stress this point – toxic shock) Held in place by vagina – can’t get lost or fall out String used to remove tampon – very strong Dispose of in bin provided (wrap in toilet paper first) Students log on to the following website, view the animated guide and complete the changes for the 4 stages of the menstrual cycle using handout

25 Boys and Puberty Brainstorm Visible Changes to Boys

26 Visible Changes in Boys
Boys and Puberty Visible Changes in Boys Adam’s apple will begin to show Shoulders and chest will grow bigger Muscles will become bigger Hair on face will appear Body hairs appears for some boys (e.g. underarms, face, pubic area, later maybe on chest/back) Voice changes for some boys Testicles gradually grow a little larger Penis will grow longer and wider as the rest of the body grows Will begin to have erections and “wet dreams”

27 Visible Changes in Boys
Boys and Puberty Visible Changes in Boys Breast development. This fact comes as a surprise to most students. Some boys will find that the area around one or both nipples can feel sore and may swell. This is because boys have some female hormones in their body. The soreness and swelling usually go away. This is normal. Feelings of sexual attraction emerge Sudden mood changes occur Weight gain before growth spurt

28 External Genitals Penis
Boys and Puberty External Genitals Penis Tube-like organ of spongy tissue (leave rest of information about penis until later) Urethra runs lengthwise through centre of penis Head of penis is called the glans which is a source of sexual pleasure Testicles Male sex glands (1-2) held in a sac called the scrotum On outside of body to keep temperature cooler than body temperature for healthy sperm production Sometimes one can grow faster than the other at puberty One hangs lower – this is normal Very sensitive area – easily damaged – important to protect e.g. During sports activities Never deliberately kick anyone there Only need one testicle to be fertile (able to reproduce) At puberty, begin to produce hormones and sperm

29 External Genitals Sperm Special cells produced in testicle at puberty
Boys and Puberty External Genitals Sperm Special cells produced in testicle at puberty Very small (over 300 million in 15 ml of semen) Millions are made every day Mix with fluid in glands to form a white sticky fluid called semen Swim up vagina, through uterus to fallopian tube to fertilize an egg

30 Internal Reproductive Organs
Boys and Puberty Internal Reproductive Organs Vas Deferens Tube which carries sperm out of testicles Prostate Gland Starts producing a fluid at puberty in which sperm are kept alive Sperm + fluid = substance called semen Urethra Tube which is located in penis 2 branches – one to bladder, one to vas deferens Two substances which come out of the urethra are urine and semen; they cannot come out at the same time. When penis is ready to release semen, a valve blocks off branch to the bladder so urine cannot escape Seminal Vesicles Two small pouches behind the bladder that produce fluid This fluid mixes with sperm and other fluid to produce semen

31 What starts happening more often to a boy’s penis at puberty?
Boys and Puberty Changes at puberty: Production of sperm in the testicles Growth of penis and testicles Production of fluid in the prostate gland What starts happening more often to a boy’s penis at puberty? Erections: Penis gets bigger, harder, and stands out from the body Happens to babies and even before birth

32 What are wet dreams. “Nocturnal Emissions”
Boys and Puberty What are wet dreams. “Nocturnal Emissions” Ejaculation of semen during sleep Semen comes out without any extra touching of the penis Can be frightening and embarrassing Important to understand that it is a normal part of growing up Does not matter how many you have, some don’t have them, some adults may have them

33 Why do erections happen.
Boys and Puberty Why do erections happen. Sexual thoughts send message to penis – thickens and sticks out from body Spongy tissue fills up with extra blood Happens for physical reasons even before puberty Can happen when you least expect it or want it (e.g. First thing in the morning, during sleep, vibrations e.g. Riding a bus, not always related to sexual thoughts.)

34 Why do erections happen Cont.
Boys and Puberty Why do erections happen Cont. Can be frightening and embarrassing Important to realise that it is a normal process of growing up An erection does not mean an ejaculation must occur – erection will go away on its own Size of penis varies – all sizes work well – less of a difference when erect Penis continues to grow as you do

35 Discussion questions:
Boys and Puberty Discussion questions: Some boys talk about having a “boner”. Is there a bone in the penis? What is an erection? How old are boys when they get their first erection? What causes a boy to get an erection?

36 Discuss the following true anecdotes:
Boys and Puberty Discuss the following true anecdotes: A boy would often get an erection when he was sitting watching an exciting hockey game. A teenager would sometimes get an erection when he was concentrating on getting ready to run and do a high jump. Why do you think this happened? Were they thinking sexy thoughts? How do you think they felt when this happened? What is ejaculation?

37 Usually it would be done soon after birth
Boys and Puberty Circumcision: Usually it would be done soon after birth Removal of covering over end of penis Normal either way (no difference in sensation, performance, etc.) Something they will have to decide about if they are parents No health reason to have it done (not medically necessary, but a personal choice). Boys who have not been circumcised should cleanse beneath the foreskin of the penis regularly.

38 If the problem persists, see your doctor
Boys and Puberty Jock itch: Sometimes sweaty underwear or jockstraps can lead to a scaly, itchy rash in the genital area It is important to keep yourself clean, and the skin dry (e.g. use of baby powder) It can be treated with anti-fungal preparations available at the drugstore without a prescription If the problem persists, see your doctor

39 Males and Growth and Development

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