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Safety and Health Programs MODULE 7
2©2006 TEEX Brainstorm What makes a good safety and health program? What does a good program do for you?
3©2006 TEEX Benefits of Effective Safety and Health Programs Reduce injuries & illnesses Improve morale & productivity Reduce workers’ compensation costs Show good faith efforts
4©2006 TEEX Exemplary Workplaces: Assign responsibility to managers, supervisors, and workers Inspect regularly to control hazards Train employees to recognize and avoid hazards Provide systematic policies, procedures and practices
5©2006 TEEX Safety and Health Program Guidelines Systematic policies and procedures Recognize hazards Protect employees Address all hazards Beyond law Including hazards caused by change More important to be effective than written Guidelines available from OSHA
6©2006 TEEX Major Elements Management commitment & employee involvement Worksite analysis Hazard prevention & control Safety and health training
Management Commitment / Employee Involvement
8©2006 TEEX Management Commitment and Employee Involvement Management: Regards worker safety and health as a fundamental value Applies commitment to safety and health equally with other objectives Employees: Develop and express own commitment to safety for selves and others
9©2006 TEEX Management Commitment Management provides: Motivation/Leadership Resources Policy Statement Clear Goals & Objectives Employees commit to safety for selves and co-workers
10©2006 TEEX Management Commitment Demonstrated by: Being visibly involved at all levels Leading by example Assigning responsibilities and accountability at all levels Providing authority and resources to those responsible Communicating program goals Leading periodic reviews
11©2006 TEEX Employee Involvement Active roles: Workplace inspections Hazard analysis Developing safe work rules Training coworkers and new hires Loss or Near Loss investigations New equipment purchase / design / use Participating in program review
12©2006 TEEX Supervisor Responsibilities Analyze work to identify potential hazards in area of responsibility Maintain physical protections in work areas Reinforce employee training performance feedback enforcement of safe work practices
14©2006 TEEX Worksite Analysis Examine the worksite and identify: Existing hazards Conditions & operations where changes might occur to create hazards Analyze the work & worksite to anticipate & prevent harmful occurrences
15©2006 TEEX Comprehensive Survey Conduct a comprehensive baseline survey Job Hazard Analysis Who may help you: OSHA Consultation Program Insurance companies Consultants
16©2006 TEEX Safety & Health Inspections Conduct regular site inspections (usually weekly) Establish daily work area inspection procedures Develop & use a checklist Provide a reliable hazard reporting system Employees notify management No fear of reprisal Timely & appropriate responses
17©2006 TEEX Additional Worksite Analysis Investigate accidents & “near misses” Identify causes & means for prevention Analyze injury & illness trends Identify & prevent common cause patterns
Hazard Prevention & Control
19©2006 TEEX Hazard Prevention & Control Recognition Determine that a hazard or potential hazard exists Elimination Where feasible, prevent hazards by effective design of job or jobsite Control If the hazard cannot be eliminated, use hazard controls Eliminate or control hazards in a timely manner
20©2006 TEEX Hazard Prevention & Control Hierarchy of controls: Engineering controls Administrative controls Personal protective equipment (PPE)
21©2006 TEEX Engineering Controls Remove Employee from Hazard Guards Barriers Work Area Design
22©2006 TEEX Administrative Controls Procedures Rotation Breaks Relief Workers
23©2006 TEEX Personal Protective Equipment Third line of defense relies on: Correct choice of equipment Correct usage Replacement and maintenance Awareness of when and why necessary
24©2006 TEEX Hazard Prevention Planning Facility & equipment maintenance Emergency planning Training & drills as needed Medical program First aid on site Physician & emergency care nearby
Safety & Health Training
26©2006 TEEX Safety & Health Training Address Safety & Health responsibilities of all personnel Incorporate it into other training & job performance/practice
27©2006 TEEX Safety & Health Orientation Employees must understand Hazards they may be exposed to Employee safety and health responsibilities Operating procedures and safeguards Exits and emergency procedures Orientation training must be given to site workers contract workers
28©2006 TEEX Safety & Health Training Documentation where required Reinforcing employee training: Continual feedback Refresher training as needed
Safety & Health Program Resources
30©2006 TEEX Resources Available OSHA Safety & Health Management Guidelines (Appendix A) Small Business Handbook Sample safety & health programs Sample Compliance Assistance Quick Start Customize and apply to your situation! OSHA Consultation (OSHCON)
Related OSHA Programs
32©2006 TEEX OSHA Programs Alliances Strategic Partnerships VPP OSHA Consultation SHARP
33©2006 TEEX Alliances Organizations committed to workplace safety and health Collaborate with OSHA to prevent injuries and illnesses in the workplace Reach out to, educate, and lead the nation's employers and their employees in improving and advancing workplace safety and health.
34©2006 TEEX Benefits of an Alliance Build trusting, cooperative relationships with OSHA Network with others committed to workplace safety and health Leverage resources to maximize worker safety and health protection Gain recognition as proactive leaders in safety and health
35©2006 TEEX How Alliances Work OSHA and organization define, implement and meet short and long- term goals from three categories: Training and education Outreach and communication Promote the National Dialogue on Workplace Safety and Health
36©2006 TEEX Getting Started with Alliances National alliances Office of Outreach Services and Alliances (202) 693-2340 Regional or local alliances OSHA regional office Region VI contacts: linklink State plan alliances also exist
37©2006 TEEX OSHA Strategic Partnerships (OSPP)OSPP Extended, voluntary, cooperative relationship Groups of employers, employees, and employee representatives May have 1 business or many stakeholders Common goal Plans for achieving goal Cooperation in implementation Most are small businesses <50 workers
38©2006 TEEX OSHA Strategic Partnerships Many focus on Strategic Plan areas of concern Areas of Emphasis Including Oil and Gas Field Services Targeted Areas and High Incident/Severity Areas Targeted
39©2006 TEEX Elements of Partnerships Must either Implement effective workplace safety and health management system or address a specific hazard Core elements required include Goals, strategies, performance measures Evaluation and OSHA verification
40©2006 TEEX Getting Started with Partnerships Contact OSHA National or regional contact informationcontact information Identify goals, strategies, measures Identify partners Draft and submit application
41©2006 TEEX Voluntary Protection Program (VPP)VPP Recognizes exemplary safety and health programs Cooperation: management, labor, OSHA Site with comprehensive safety and health management system implemented Removes routine inspections 13 VPP Star sites in SIC 13SIC 13
42©2006 TEEX VPP Process Application and S&H program review Written program and onsite implementation Review by OSHA and SGE Levels available Star – exemplary, self-sufficient, safer than average; evaluations every 3-5 years Merit – potential to meet Star within 3 years; evaluations every 18-24 months Star Demonstration
43©2006 TEEX VPP Innovations Special Government Employees (SGE)SGE Volunteers from other VPP sites Work with OSHA on onsite evaluations Mentoring Matching current and potential VPP sites Safety and Health Management course
44©2006 TEEX OSHA ConsultationConsultation Separate from compliance inspectors Free, confidential services: Recognition of potential hazards Suggest methods and resources for solutions Help with safety and health program Written report Training/education
45©2006 TEEX OSHA Consultation Operated by states Obligation: commitment to correcting serious hazards Plan / schedule to control serious hazards Benefit: possible one-year exclusion from programmed inspections No results reported to inspectors
46©2006 TEEX Safety and Health Achievement Recognition Program (SHARP)SHARP Operated by Consultation Small employers with exemplary safety and health management systems Exemption from programmed inspections for 1 year Renewable for 1-2 years with evaluations
47©2006 TEEX Getting Started with SHARP Request a consultation visit and survey Involve employees Correct hazards identified Maintain safety and health program meeting 1989 guidelines Lower injury/illness and lost workday rates below national average Notify consultation office before changes
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