Presentation on theme: "Dr Alexander Karpov Chief, Observing Systems Division WWW Department"— Presentation transcript:
1 Dr Alexander Karpov Chief, Observing Systems Division WWW Department World Meteorological OrganizationWeather – Climate - WaterRA III Regional Training Seminar on CLIMAT & CLIMAT TEMP ReportingBuenos Aires, Argentina October 2006Overview of the World Weather Watch OperationsDr Alexander Karpov Chief, Observing Systems Division WWW Department
2 April the Fourth Meteorological Congress enthusiastically adopted the idea of the World Weather Watch (WWW).A fundamental principle was that the World Weather Watch,- would be implemented and operated by Members themselves- to the extent that their resources permitted, and- in accordance with the agreed Plan
3 Implementation of WWW facilities outside national territorieswould be based on voluntary participation of countries providing equipment and services from their resources.To assist States less able to contribute and to benefit from the global system, aVoluntary Assistance Programme (now Voluntary Cooperation Programme)was established.
4 Global Observing System (GOS) Global Telecommunication System(GTS) GARP became a synegeric research element for the development and planning of the WWWThe WWW still has three readily identifiable interconnected (integrated) components (also known as Basic Systems):Global Observing System (GOS)Global Telecommunication System(GTS)Global Data-processing and Forecasting System (GDPFS)
5 Adopted in 1967,the WWW Plan and Implementation Programme has been reviewed and revised on several occasions, taking into account:The evolving needs of MembersThe possibilities offered by scientific & technological developments
6 In particular, Member’s Agreement on the integration of Obs, Telecoms and Processing had foreseen that:Each partner owes & operates its own system;Each partner agrees to use standards and conventions such that other partners can use his observations;Each partner agrees to interface specifications that his observations can be transmitted over the GTS and downloaded to be used by other partners;Each partner agrees to a specific level of data quality .
7 It soon became obvious that, WWW Basic systems could also serve the needs of Members in other areas, e.g.GCOSGTOSGOOS/JCOMMWHyCOSGAW/WWRP, etc.
8 modern meteorology depends upon near instantaneous exchange of To predict the weather,modern meteorology depends uponnear instantaneousexchange ofweather informationacross the entire globe.Mission Statement of the WWW Programme
9 The World Weather Watch (WWW), the core of the WMO Programmes,combines observing systems,telecommunication facilities, anddata-processing andforecasting centresoperated by Members –to make availablemeteorological and relatedgeophysical information neededto provide efficient servicesin all countries.
10 The WWW is a unique achievement in international cooperation: in few other fields of human endeavour, and particularly in science and technology, is there- or has there ever been - such a truly world-wide operational system to which virtually every country in the world contributes, every day of every year, for the common benefit of mankind.
11 Through the WWW Programme WMO Memberscoordinate and implementstandardization of measuring methods and techniques,common telecommunication procedures, andthe presentation of observed dataand processed information in amanner which is understood by all,regardless of language.
12 These arrangements,as well as the operation of the WWW facilities,are coordinated and monitoredby WMO with a view to ensuring that every country has availableall of the information it needsto provide weather services ona day-to-day basis as well asfor long-term planning and research.
13 An increasingly important part of the WWW Programmeprovides support for developing international programmesrelated toglobal climate and other environmental issues, andto sustainable development.
14 WMO Programme Structure World Weather Watch ProgrammeAtmosphericResearchandEnvironmentProgrammeHydrologyandWaterResourcesProgrammeApplicationsofMeteorologyProgrammeWorldClimateProgrammeEducation and Training ProgrammeThe WWW is the backbone programme of WMO, which provides the infrastructure and services to meet its own requirements for observations, information and forecast products, including the telecommunication networks and centres for the exchange of the information, and for meeting the corresponding requirements of the other programmes of WMO. The infrastructure and services are also referred to as the “basic systems”, because they provide the basic services for all programmes. The technical commissions responsible the coordination of the WWW are the Commission for Basic Systems (CBS) and the Commission for Instruments and Methods of Observation (CIMO).Technical Co-operation ProgrammeWMO/OMM
15 Open Programme Area Groups (OPAGs): COMMISSION FOR BASIC SYSTEMSOpen Programme Area Groups (OPAGs):OPAG on Integrated Observing Systems (IOS)OPAG on Integrated System and Services (ISS)OPAG of Global Data-Processing and Forecasting Systems (DPFS)OPAG on Public Weather Services (PWS)
19 World Weather Watch GDPFS GOS GTS DM Global Observing System Global Data Processing and Forecasting SystemGDPFSGOSDMData ManagementGTSThe schematic diagram shows the main sub-systems that together build the WWW, namely Global Observing System (GOS), Global Telecommunication System (GTS), Global Data-processing and Forecasting System (GDPFS), and the Data Management Functions.Global Telecommunication SystemWMO/OMMWeather – Climate – Water
20 Processing and Forecasting System FLOW OF INFORMATIONDATA COLLECTIONGlobalObservingSystemGOSDATA ANDPRODUCT TRANSPORTGlobalTelecommunicationSystemGTSPRODUCT GENERATIONGlobal DataProcessing and Forecasting SystemGDPFSDATA MANAGEMENTThe schematic diagram shows the main sub-systems that together build the WWW, namely Global Observing System (GOS), Global Telecommunication System (GTS), Global Data-processing and Forecasting System (GDPFS), and the Data Management Functions.DATA AND PRODUCT USERSWMO/OMM
21 Global Observing System: Provides observations for all other WMO programmes (including aviation, climate, agriculture, environment, disaster prevention and mitigation)Operated by National Meteorological ServicesData requirements evolve with technology.
22 The Global Observing System of the WWW comprises surface and space-based subsystems; data obtained are transmitted via the Global Tele-communication System to the Global Data-Processing & Forecasting System, where required information and products are produced and sent to the users.
23 Typical daily coverage of surface observations from land (red) and VOS (blue) stations At present over manned and automatic weather stations on land and about voluntary observing ships (VOS) at sea provide measurements and observations
37 Global Data-Processing and Forecasting System: World Meteorological CentresRegional Specialized Meteorological Centres such as for example:Tropical Cyclone ForecastingEnvironmental Emergency ResponseNational Meteorological Centres.
38 GDPS Centres running models Geographic depiction of the centres that run NWP models.GLOBAL DATA PROCESSING AND FORECASTING SYSTEM
39 WWW - Department CBS and CIMO November 2004 Technical Commissions: Dr Jack HayesDirector, WWW DepartmentWMOGeneva, SwitzerlandTel:Programme Activities, Tasksand ResponsibilitiesThe WWW Programme is managed in the WMO Secretariat by the WWW Department, which comprises the Observing Systems Division (including the GOS and the Instruments and Methods of Observation programme, the Information Systems and Services Division (including GTS and Data Management), and the Data-processing and Forecasting Division (including the GDPFS and the ERA).November 2004
40 Observing Systems Division (OSY) GOS (surface and space-based)Instruments and Methods of ObservationAntarctic MeteorologySystem Support ActivitiesWWW Support to RA IIOIS (Pub 9 Vol A, RBSN/RBCN)Staff:A. Karpov (Chief)M. Ondras (SSO)M. AbayasekaraThe Instruments and Methods of Observation programme is placed within the responsibility of the OSY Division, as well as the Antarctic Meteorological programme;
41 Information Systems & Services Division (ISS) Staff:J.M. Rainer (Chief)P. Kerhervé (SSO)J. Arimatea d. S. Brito (SO)J. Best (Ms.) (Clerk)S. Vargas (Ms.) (Clerk)Sutrisno (Clerk)GTS & Radio FrequenciesData Management & CodesMonitoring ActivitySystem Support ActivitiesWWW Support to RA III, V, VIOIS (Web, Pub No 9 Vol C & D)WWW NewsletterThe main responsibilities of the ISS Division include the management of the GTS and Data Management programme; the management of the WMO character and binary codes, while belonging to the Data Management programme, is actually handled by a 50%-Scientific Officer position attached to the GDPFS Division; the other 50% of that post are dedicated to GDPFS work.
42 Data-processing & Forecasting Division (DPFS) Staff:P. Chen (Chief)J. Martellet (SO)GDPFSEmergency Response ActivitySystem Support ActivitiesWWW Support to RA I and IVData Quality MonitoringNWP VerificationThis division’s main responsibility is the management of the GDPFS programme; it also manages the Emergency Response Activity (large-scale atmospheric pollution episodes caused by radioactive pollution emergencies, volcanic eruptions, or wild-land fires, etc.).
43 WWW DepartmentOrganizational diagram of the WWW Department (status October 2006);The Programme Coordinator post attached to the Director’s office manages the contributions of the WWW Programme to cross-cutting activities and projects, such as the GEOSS Initiative, the Natural Disaster Mitigation Programme, the WMO Space Programme, the WMO Quality Management Framework, and Climate Matters.SO = Scientific OfficerSSO = Senior Scientific Officer
44 Inter-programme Activities EUMETNET/EUCOS, AMMA, THORPEX, IPYGCOS, AMDAR, ACMAD, ECMWFMarine observationsInstrument standardizationSatellite operationsRadio-frequency coordinationProcurement and use of data from other organizationsWMO Quality Management Framework.