9 Planning Your Garden Separate Long-term from short-term crops Plant tall crops where they will not overshadow small onesConsider rate of maturityRotate to prevent diseases and insect buildup
10 Deciding When to PlantMay plant 10 days to 2 weeks earlier than commercial fieldsVaries widely by area. April in Georgia?
11 Preparing the Soil Add organic matter and/or sand Turn in late winter or early springPeriodically: composted materials, peanut hulls, rice hulls, grass clippings, etcGypsum: tight, heavy claySoil should be granular
12 Fertilizing the SoilClay soils absorb and store fertilizer three to four times the rate of sandy soils.For clay soils add or at 1 to 2 pounds per 100 sqft.
13 N-P-K Fertilizing the Soil . . . 10-20-10 Plant Food Elements on front of bagN-P-KPotassium %Nitrogen %Phosphorus %
14 Fertilizing the Soil . . . Method Apply few days before planting Spade the garden plotSpreadWork the soil
15 Fertilizing the Soil . . . pH is too high (alkaline) Add sulfur to recommended amountspH is too low (basic)Add lime to recommended amountsWhen close to proper pH 5lbs/100sq. Ft. every 2-3 years should keep soil at good levelsBeans, peas, onions require high pH levels
16 PlantingPlant as early as possibleTransplant where possible
17 SeedingCover the seed 2 to 3 times its widest measurement - (Rule of thumb)For smaller-seeded crops such as carrots, lettuce, or onions, an average planting depth of ¼ to ½ inch is usually adequate.Thin
18 Transplanting Avoid transplanting too deep or too shallow. Starter solution:2 to 3 cups of fertilizer to 5 gal. WaterApply 1 to 2 pints per plant
23 Mulching Organic mulches Fertilize prior to turning. straw, leaves, grass, bark, compost, sawdust, or peat mossWill improve the soil condition, aeration, and drainage.Apply 1 to 2 inches around growing plants.Fertilize prior to turning.
24 Preventing Pests and Disease Mild winters and long growing seasonsAvoid spraying if possible, but use chemicals where necessary.Dispose of crop residue (leftovers)
25 Preventing Pests and Disease RotateUse treated seedsUse resistant varietiesDiseases can be prevented but not eradicated.
26 Harvesting Harvest vegetables when they are mature. Harvest the day it is to be eaten or preserved.
27 Correcting Common Garden Problems Plants stunted in growthHoles in leavesPlant leaves with spotsPlants wilt even though sufficient water is presentMore…see document