3 STARTER: Thursday, November 30 Read pages and answer the three questions below:What was Roosevelt’s “Black Cabinet? What did it do?Why didn’t Roosevelt support full civil rights for African Americans?How did New Deal policies affect Native Americans?Read “Historical Spotlight: Deportation of Mexican Americans” on page 712 and answer the question below:Why do you think Mexican Americans were met with hostility during the Depression?
4 Cultural Figures of the 1930s Writers____________________Radio StarsPaintersMovie StarsCultural Figures of the 1930sGROUP 3Writers
5 1930-1939 Video What was the Bonus Army? What happened during Roosevelt’s first 100 days?How did Hitler violate the Treaty of Versailles?What was FDR’s stance on the war when World War II began in Europe?What was life like in the cities during the Great Depression?What segments of the population supported the President’s plan to get us out of the Great Depression?What did the CCC do?
6 What was the Dust Bowl?What group was most effected by the Great Depression? Why?Who was John L. Lewis?What games were played during the 30s?How did Jesse Owens upset Hitler’s hopes for the 1936 Olympics?Who was the first woman appointed to the cabinet?What was the cause of the “crime crack down” of the 1930s?Who was the most famous woman of the 1930s? Why?
7 What was the newsreel?What was public reaction to “The War of the Worlds”?Who was the most famous aviator of the 30s?What did the Public Works Administration do?What was the dance craze of the 30s?
8 4/23Test CorrectionsCorrect AnswerWhy it is correct
9 Starter Read Causes of the Great Depression on pages 572-573 Answer Two questionsRead Effects of the Great Depression on page 579Answer two questionsIf you were absent on Friday,Turn in yourGreat Depression/ New Deal Packet.It will not be accepted after 11:15
10 StarterImagine that I gave the class $1,000. Then we drove to Raleigh to eat at the Cheesecake Factory.What would you buy to eat?How would the restaurant respond to us coming?
11 StarterRead “The First 100 Days” along the bottoms of pages 602 and 603Answer the two Questions
12 Starter Assessment Sheets Last Name- A-O on the Table Last Name – P-W on the Cart
13 Take out Great Depression/ New Deal Packet Today I am checking:Goal 8 Assessment SheetsMidterm Assessment Sheets9a Vocabulary9a Assessment Sheet9b VocabularyGD/ND Packet
14 Objectives9.01 Elaborate on the cycle of economic boom and bust in the 1920's and 1930's.
15 The Great Depression & The New Deal Packet Get to work on your packet!Due TODAY for a Quiz Grade
16 COPY YOUR VOCABULARY Great Depression New Deal Vocabulary Due Monday ProsperityWarren G HardingCalvin CoolidgeHerbert HooverSpeculationBlack TuesdayBusiness cycleGreat DepressionHawley-Smoot TariffJohn M KeynesDestitutionBreadlineHoovervillesCesar ChavezDust BowlOkiesDepressionRepatriationLocalsimTrickledown economicsBonus armyDouglas MacarthurJohn SteinbeckFranklin D RooseveltNew DealFireside chatsFederal Deposit Insurance CorporationSocial Security ActWagner ActCollective BargainingFair Labor Standards ActBlack DealIndian New DealNew Deal CoalitionWelfare StateFederal Art Project
18 Great Depression & New Deal Packet Assessment SheetVocabulary“What Would You Do?”Chapter 17, Section 1 QuestionsChapter 17, Section 2 ChartChapter 17, Section 3 QuestionsIf you are finished, put this work in the basketIf not, this is homework!STOP!You’re done!
19 “What Would You Do?”It is 1929 and the U.S. economy has collapsed. Farms, businesses, and banks nationwide are failing, causing massive unemployment and poverty. You are out of work with little prospect of finding a job.What would you do to feed your family?What can you do to find a paying job?What can unemployed and impoverished people do to help each other?
20 Causes of the Depression Chapter 17, Section 1 (Write the question & the answer!) 1. What is meant by a “bull market”?2. What advantage did Hoover have over Smith in the Presidential election of 1928?Why did the farming industry grow weak?How did the uneven distribution of income create economic problems?Why did more Americans start living on credit?Explain what is meant by buying stocks on “speculation” and “buying on margin”.What did shareowners do with their stocks in September/October of 1929?What was Black Tuesday?NEXT SLIDE
21 Why did banks fail after the stock market crash? Explain what is meant by buying stocks on “speculation” and “buying on margin”.What did shareowners do with their stocks in September/October of 1929?What was Black Tuesday?Why did banks fail after the stock market crash?Why did key basic industries lose business?What was the Hawley Smoot Tariff and how did other countries respond?Why did the Great Depression impact Europe as well?NEXT SLIDE
22 Social/Psychological Effects 17, Section 2 Complete the chart, describing the hardships faced during the Great Depression (detailed descriptions)HARDSHIPDESCRIPTIONLife in the CitiesThe Dust BowlMenWomen and childrenMinoritiesSocial/Psychological EffectsNEXT SLIDE
23 Chapter 17, Section 3 Write the questions and the answers What did Hoover believe was the government’s chief function during the Depression?Why did Hoover oppose federal welfare?What were some of the projects Hoover proposed to get the nation out of the Depression? How effective were they?Name ways Americans protested Hoover’s efforts to get the nation out of the Depression.What did Hoover ultimately do about the Bonus Army?Stop!
24 STOP WORKING ON THE QUESTIONS Watch the video “Broke, but not Broken” & answer these questions What choices did Ann Marie Low’s family make during the Depression? Do you agree with their choices? Explain.What did you learn about the relationship between the government & farmers?What did the older Ann Marie Low’s comments add to your understanding of the Great Depression?NEXT SLIDE
25 Starter 11/16Imagine that you have been elected president of the US in 1932Create a plan to address one of the major economic and social issues facing the countryTest will be tomorrow. It is in your best interest that it is.
26 Why did key basic industries lose business? Older industries gave way to the industries of new technologiesExample: the railroad industry (and those industries associated with it) gave way to the automobile industryThe end of the war led to the decrease in business for some industriesNew sources of energy replaced old sources of energy
28 1. What is meant by a “bull market”? A period of rising stock pricesAmericans were rushing to buy stocks during a “bull market”
29 2. What advantages did Hoover have over Smith in the Presidential election of 1928? Experience in Public Servicehead of the Food Administration,Secretary of CommerceThe success of the previous Republican administrations
31 3. Why did the farming industry grow weak? End of the war led to less demand for cropsFarmers had taken out loans during the war and when demand fell and crop prices fell, farmers went in debtFarms were lost and they defaulted on their loan
32 The coal mining industry also suffered! New sources of energy were used, including hydroelectric power, fuel oil, and natural gas replaced coal
33 4. How did the uneven distribution of income create economic problems? Many people could not afford expensive goods, such as refrigerators
34 5. Why did more Americans start living on credit? People were buying less due to high prices, stagnant wages, an uneven distribution of income, and overbuying on creditPeople lived on credit so they could have new items.When you purchased items on credit, you would have to pay interest chargesPeople went into debt
35 6. Explain what is meant by buying stocks on “speculation” and “buying on margin”. Speculation: Buying a stock/bond on the hopes of a quick return (profit) on your investmentBuying on Margin: paying only a small percentage of what the stock is worth; or, only putting a down payment down on the stock & borrowing the restVery little regulation of the stock market existed & the government did not interfere
36 7. What did shareowners do with their stocks in September/October of 1929? They sold them as quickly as they could because they suspected the stock market would crash
37 8. What was Black Tuesday?The day (October 29, 1929) the stock market crashed16.4 million shares were dropped that day & many could not find buyersPeople who had bought stocks were either left in debt or their savings were goneWithin a few weeks, $30 billion was lost buy investors8.
38 9. Why did banks fail after the stock market crash? Many banks failed because they had no money… they had used people’s money to invest in the stock market as well!At this time, the government had not started to protect & insure the money in the banks
39 10. Why did key basic industries lose business? Businesses laid off employees and reduced productionThe increased number of unemployed led to a decrease in consumer spendingLess consumer spending contributed to more lay offs
40 Causes of the Depression People losetheir jobs.Demanddrops.Fewer goodsare sold.The SpiralOfDepressionEven more peopleLose their confidenceAnd spend less moneyIn order tostay in businesscompanies cutwagesGood place to point out that the spiral of depression is the opposite to the cycle of prosperity. Even discuss in relation to Henry Ford and the impact on the other industries that produced his standardised goods.Companies areforced to cut costsby laying people offPeople lose theirconfidence &start saving theirmoneyDemanddrops evenfurther.
41 11. What was the Hawley Smoot Tariff and how did other countries respond? Tax on imports that raised prices on foreign goods so that they could not compete with American goodsIn retaliation other European countries created similar tariffs that harmed American business
42 12. Why did the Great Depression impact Europe as well? Europe was still trying to recover from the warMany nations were trying to pay off war debts & Germany was paying reparationsAmerica limited imports to protect its economy (Hawley-Smoot Tariff)In return, other nations did not buy our products
44 HARDSHIP DESCRIPTION Life in the Cities The Dust Bowl Unemployment; Homelessness; Shanytowns created; Hunger led to soup kitchen & bread lines; Higher unemployment for African Americans & Latinos (in addition to violence, discrimination, deportation)The Dust BowlOverproduction of crops & destroying of the prairie grass in the Plain; Drought & winds led to dust flying 100s of miles; People (Okies) in the Dust Bowl moved to California looking for workMen in the StreetsMen couldn’t support their families (some men abandoned their families); They took to the streets daily looking for work; Hobos; No direct relief was available at this time
45 Social/Psycho-logical Effects HARDSHIPDESCRIPTIONWomen and ChildrenCanned food; Sewed clothes; Some worked outside the home, but this caused resentment because there were so many men without jobsPoor health; School closings; Worked in factories; teens became “Hoover tourists”MinoritiesBlacks were the last hired and first fired; Sharecroppers were thrown off land;Mexican Americans: Anglos competed for farm jobs; Repatriation (encouraged to return to Mexico) many were forced outSocial/Psycho-logical EffectsSuicides; Mental hospitals; Sacrifices made; People became determined not to be poor again; Kindness shown to strangers
46 1. What did Hoover believe was the government’s chief function during the Depression? To foster cooperation between conflicting groups and interestsThe government should step in to solve problems, but not force cooperation
47 2. Why did Hoover oppose federal welfare? He believed hand-outs would weaken people’s self-respect & “moral fiber”He believed America was based on “individualism” and it was not the job of the government to take care of individuals and their familiesIndividuals (people, charities, local organizations) should pitch in to help, not the government
48 3. What were some of the projects Hoover proposed to get the nation out of the Depression? How effective were they?Boulder Dam- successful in getting power and water to California; aided in agricultural productionFederal Home Loan Bank Act- lowered mortgage rates & allowed farmers to refinance their loansReconstruction Finance Corporation- offered financing to businesses, believing this would help average people; this was unsuccessful and was seen a “too little, too late”
49 4. Name ways Americans protested Hoover’s efforts to get the nation out of the Depression? The Republicans (Hoover’s party) were voted out of Congress in the 1930 electionsFarmers burned and dumped their crops rather than sell them at a lossFarmers blocked roads to prevent food from getting to marketShantytowns were called “Hoovervilles”; Newspapers were called “Hoover blankets”; Empty pockets (inside out) were called “Hoover flags”
50 5. What did Hoover ultimately do about the Bonus Army? Tear gassed, troops moved in with bayonets, fires were started, people were shot.People were stunned at the government’s response to these veterans
51 Read the section “Relief, Recovery, Reform: The First 100 Days” p 602-3 Answer the two questions in the sectionThen create a newspaper headline that demonstrates how the public would feel about its new president.Example: “Roosevelt The Man with the Plan”
52 Starter Read pages 618-619 and answer the three questions below: What was Roosevelt’s “Black Cabinet? What did it do?Why didn’t Roosevelt support full civil rights for African Americans?How did New Deal policies affect Native Americans?
53 New Notes9.05 Assess the impact of New Deal reforms in enlarging the role of the federal government in American life
54 Today 11/13 Review from yesterday Five minutes finish up container collagesPresent container collagesReview for tomorrow’s TEST!!
55 Objectives9.01 Elaborate on the cycle of economic boom and bust in the 1920's and 1930's.9.05 Assess the impact of New Deal reforms in enlarging the role of the federal government in American life.
56 People waiting in line for bread and soup and also living out of their car.
57 The Dust Bowl Farmers in the Midwest had over farmed the soil. Drought conditions led to 100 of acres of soil being “blown away.”These ‘black blizzards’ lasted from 1933 to 1939.
67 RadioOctober 30, 1938Orson Wells performed HG Wells classic over the radio.Made Wells famousCaused a panic because people thought Martians were invadingLink to listen to the radio broadcast.
68 Grant Wood Famous painting entitled “American Gothic”. Best known for his paintings depicting the rural American Midwest.
69 Woody Guthrie Folk singer during the Depression His personal and musical styles were deeply influenced by his childhood in rural Oklahoma during the Great Depression years.This Land is Your Land – famous song
70 The Grapes of Wrath Classical novel written by John Steinbeck in 1939. Focuses on a poor family of sharecroppers :Driven from their home by the droughtThey head to California looking for a better life
71 Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal Identify the following important aspects of the New Deal Fireside ChatsGlass-Steagall Act (especially the FDIC)Federal Securities ActAgricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)Works Progress Administration (WPA)Social Security Act
72 Relief for the needy Economic recovery Financial reform New Deal Roosevelt’s program for getting the nation out of the Great DepressionHe wanted to give the American people a “New Deal”Three goals:Relief for the needyEconomic recoveryFinancial reform
73 Fireside ChatsRoosevelt gave “fireside chats” to keep the nation informed on issues of public concernHe gave these national addresses of the radio & Americans felt he was speaking directly to them!
74 Glass-Steagall Act (especially the FDIC) Glass-Steagall Act established the FDICThe FDIC (Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation) provided government insurance for individual bank accounts up to 5,000This made people feel their money was safeBanks also had to act cautiously with their customer’s money
75 Federal Securities Act This law provided regulation of the stock marketCorporations are required to provide complete information regarding their stock offerings
76 Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) The government regulated the amount of crops producedBy doing this, crop prices rose because production was loweredThe government paid farmers NOT to cultivate all of their landThis did help farmers have more money because prices increasedThis law was found unconstitutional by the Supreme Court (they stated that agriculture was a local matter, not a federal matter)
78 Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) A work relief program that put young men (18-25) to work building roads, developing parks, planting trees, and helping in soil erosion and flood controlThey helped plant trees in the Great Plains to prevent another Dust BowlWorkers were paid in cash and they ate and lived for free
79 Our greatest task is to put people to work Our greatest task is to put people to work. This is no unsolveable problem if we face it wisely and courageously. It can be accomplished in part by direct recruiting by the Government itself, treating the task as we would threat the emergency of war, but at the same time, through this employment, accomplishing greatly needed projects to stimulate and reorganize the use of our national resources.—Franklin D. Roosevelt March 1933
80 National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA) Law that established fair practices in industry (ex. Set prices of many products and established standards)Law that established jobs to construct schools and other community buildingsThis law was found unconstitutional by the Supreme Court (it gave the executive branch legislative power)
81 Works Progress Administration (WPA) A series of programs to help youths, professionals and others find employmentWorked in construction, collect historical material, & gave aid to students to go to school
82 Social Security Act Retirement Unemployment compensation Probably the most important achievements of the New DealProvides the followingRetirementUnemployment compensationAid to families with dependent children & the disabled
83 Social Security Act Retirement Unemployment compensation Probably the most important achievements of the New DealProvides the followingRetirementUnemployment compensationAid to families with dependent children & the disabled
84 The Legacy of the New Deal The government actively participated in regulating the economyPeople were given direct relief from the governmentThe government went into debt from all of the government spendingWhat really ended the Great Depression was…World War II startedThe economy got a massive boost from the production of war supplies!
85 Test ReviewCauses of the Great Depression (condition of farmers, investing in the stock market, buying on credit= people were in debt)Life during the Depression (Dust Bowl, shantytowns, women, men in streets, charity)Hoover’s administration (leave the econ. Alone, Bonus army, criticisms)New Deal programsSignificance of the New DealStudy for test!!
86 World War II Vocabulary AppeasementHolocaustLend-Lease ActWomen’s Auxiliary Army Corp WACA. Philip RandolphManhattan ProjectWar Production BoardD-DayNuremberg trialsGI Bill of RightsInternment CampDue Thursday
87 1930s container collage War of the Worlds Use images and words to create a collage on an objectYou will have time to work on this todayYou will have five minutes tomorrow to complete the assignmentYou will present your container in class tomorrowWar of the Worlds
88 CATEGORY4321Quality of ContainerThe container shows considerable attention to construction and creativity.The container shows attention to construction and creativity.The container shows some attention to construction and creativity.The container shows little attention to construction and creativity.CreativitySeveral of the graphics or objects used in the collage reflect an exceptional degree of student creativity in their creation and/or displaySome of the graphics or objects used in the collage reflect student creativity in their creation and/or display.Few of the graphics or objects used in the collage reflect student creativity in their creation and/or display.The graphic used do not reflect creativity.DesignGraphics are trimmed to an appropriate size and interesting shape and are arranged well, some in front and some behind. Care has been taken to balance the pictures across the container.Graphics are trimmed to an appropriate size and interesting shape and are arranged with some items in front and others behind. The container, however does not appear balanced.Graphics have been trimmed to an appropriate size and shape, but the arrangement of items is not very attractive. It appears there was not a lot of planning of the item placement.Graphics are untrimmed OR of inappropriate size and/or shape. It appears little attention was given to designing the collage.Attention to ThemeThere is a reasonable explanation of how every item in the collage is related to the assigned theme. For most items, the relationship is clear without explanation.There is reasonable explanation of how most items in the collage are related to the assigned theme. For many of the items, the relationship is clear without explanation.There is fairly reasonable explanation of how most items in the collage are related to the assigned theme.There is no reasonable explanation of how most items in the collage relate items to the assigned theme.Number of ItemsThe collage includes items that completely cover the container.The collage includes items that cover the container.The collage includes items that mostly cover the container.The collage contains items, but the container is not covered.Time and EffortMuch time and effort went into the planning and design of the project.Some time and effort went into the planning and design of the project.Little time and effort went into the planning and design of the project.Very little time and effort went into the planning and design of the project.