Presentation on theme: "Understanding Students with Physical Disabilities and Other Health Impairments Ch. 12."— Presentation transcript:
1 Understanding Students with Physical Disabilities and Other Health Impairments Ch. 12
2 IDEA DefinitionOrthopedic impairment means a severe orthopedic impairment that adversely affects a child's educational performance. The term includes impairments caused by a congenital anomaly, impairments caused by disease (e.g., poliomyelitis, bone tuberculosis), and impairments from other causes (e.g., cerebral palsy, amputations, and fractures or burns that cause contractures).
4 Discussion QuestionIn what ways do you feel prepared or unprepared to work with students who have a physical disability?
5 Cerebral PalsyA disorder of movement or posture due to damage in the brain (see handout)SpasticAthetoidAtaxicMixedOther associated conditions: MR and Speech
6 Spina Bifida Malformation of the spinal cord Spina bifida occulta MeningoceleMyelomeningocele - most common typeSpina bifida occulta and meningocele no functional impairmentMyelomeningocele functional impairments are common
7 Causes Occurs in early pregnancy Mothers taking folic acid reduce the riskUsually does not affect intelligenceMay cause incontinence or other urinary or bowel problems
8 Other Health ImpairedChronic health problems those that have an adverse impact on educational performanceChronic: develops slowly and has long-lasting symptomsAcute: develops quickly with intense symptoms that last a relatively short period of time
9 Prevalence 2003-2004, 452,045 or 0.7% of student population Of all students, 10-30% will experience a childhood chronic illness lasting 3 mos. or longerMore than 200 specific health impairments exist
10 EpilepsyCharacterized by seizures (abnormal electrical discharges in the brain)Generalized seizuresTonic clonicPetit Mal (Absence)Partial seizuresMyoclonicParial seizure - random purposeless activity in which the student appears dazed and may walk around, pick up objects, pick at clothing, student cannot control movements nor remember what happenedMyoclonic - seizure appears sudden, uncoordinated body jerk of all or part of the body. The student may drop something, fall against something, or fall to the floor
11 Characteristics of Epilepsy Most have average IQ, but are more likely to have LDAt risk for ADHDHigher levels of depression
12 Causes Insults to the brain Prenatal - infections Perinatal - birth traumaPostnatal - poisoning, stress, fatigue, sleep deprivation
13 Prevalence Up to 10% of all children experience seizures at some point 1% of population have epilepsy by the age of 20
14 AsthmaMost prevalent chronic illness of children and leading cause for school absencesPrevalence is epidemic - increasing by 72% from 1982 to 1994Approximately7-10% of the general childhood populationMore risk with diverse populations
16 Group QuestionsDo you believe the number of other health impairments will go down or up in the future. Why?How can your personal beliefs shape our interactions with students who have other health impairment?