8 How to label your Jackson Foldable Each flap will have a title…2.03/2.04: Andrew JacksonElection of Andrew JacksonJackson & Native AmericansJackson & States’ RightsLegacy of Andrew JacksonCartoon: King Andrew the 1st
9 Election of 1824HOR decides winner & selects John Q. Adams as PresidentJackson calls the election a “Corrupt Bargain” because of a dealbetween Henry Clay &John Adams…Henry Clay convinced the HOR to vote in Adams as President…then, Adams made Clay Sec. of StateSomething’s fishy!!!
10 “Jacksonian Democrats” Formed by supporters of Jackson who left the Dem-Rep. party after the corrupt election of 1824
11 Election of 1828 Candidates John Q. Adams Andrew Jackson Results: Jackson won by a large majority – mainly due the large number of commoners voting!!Jackson appealed to commoners
12 “Old Hickory” Jackson’s nickname… Came from the War of 1812 & the Battle of New Orleans
13 Age of the Common Man The Spoils System Jackson appoints friends & loyal party supporters to gov’t jobsKitchen Cabinet: Nickname of Jackson's "spoiled" cabinetThey had to enter & leave the White House through the kitchen doors!!
14 5 Civilized Tribes 5 SE tribes that adopted European/white culture Sequoya: Developed the Cherokee alphabet “talking leaves”
15 Native American Relations Assimilate:Forcing Native Americans to give up traditions & culture to become more like white peopleIndian Removal Act of 1830: Fed. Gov't. made treaties with Native American tribes to remove them from their tribal land
16 Native American Relations (Cont’d) One court case:Worcester vs. Georgia: Supreme Court ruled that Georgia had NO authority to remove the Cherokee from their land!Jackson ignored ruling & forced Native Americans to move anyway“John Marshall made his decision, now let him enforce it!” – Jackson’s response to John Marshall’s ruling in Worcester v Georgia.
17 Trail of TearsRoute Native Americans from Georgia to Oklahoma due to being removed from their tribal landForced removal
19 Supreme Court & Jackson The court disliked Jackson’s removal policies because it went against their ruling in Worcester v Georgia!
20 Tariff of Abominations Name Southerners gave the protective tariffsTariffs only benefited the NorthNorth getting rich at the expense of the South
21 Hayne-Webster DebateSenate debates over the power of the Federal Gov’t. & the power of the State Gov’ts.Hayne: From SC & supported States’ RightsWebster: From MA & supported Federal authority
22 John C. Calhoun Jackson’s VP who supported States’ Rights Jackson & Calhoun have a falling out over the issue – Calhoun resigns in 1832
23 Nullification Proposed by Calhoun States have the rights to reject Federal Laws & the US Constitution
24 South CarolinaDeclared tariffs unconstitutional & threatened to leave the UnionForce Bill: Jackson threatens to send the military to force SC to pay tariffs.
25 Bank of the United States Nicholas Biddle:President of the Bank of the US who favored the elite & rich over common people
26 Bank of the United States (Cont’d) Jackson disliked the Bank & Biddle. Why?He believed the Bank:Aided the rich merchants, manufacturers & bankers at the expense of common manPower was concentrated in the hands of a fewThe bank had too much economic & political influence
27 Pet Banks State banks that are loyal to the Democratic Party End to the Bank controversy:Jackson put money into these banks in an effort to "kill" the National BankJackson withdrew gov’t funds from the Bank & put them in “pet banks”Charter ran out in 1836Specie Circular: Only gold & silver coins will be used to buy land from the Federal Gov’t.Response to Pet Banks printing worthless money!
28 Consequences of Jackson’s Presidency Created a very strong Executive BranchWhigs: Political party created to oppose Jackson & an overly powerful President
29 1840 Election Whig Candidate: William H. Harrison (1812 War Hero)Tippecanoe & Tyler, Too!! Harrison’s campaign slogan.Harrisons dies within 1 month of taking office & Tyler becomes President.
30 ConclusionAverage citizen becomes more involved in politics & electionsRegional differences continue to divide the nation
31 Veto PowerPresidential authority to reject a bill proposed by CongressHow did Jackson use it?Used it to resist federalactivity as much as possibleKilled the Bank of the US