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How to… Create an Annotated Bibliography

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1 How to… Create an Annotated Bibliography
Because I know you’re all worried…

2 What is an annotated bibliography?
An annotated bibliography is a list of citations to books, articles, and documents. Each citation is followed by a brief (usually about 150 words) descriptive and evaluative paragraph, the annotation. The purpose of the annotation is to inform the reader of the relevance, accuracy, and quality of the sources cited.

3 What are annotations… Annotations are descriptive and critical; they expose the author's point of view, clarity and appropriateness of expression, and authority.

4 The Process First, locate and record citations to books, periodicals, and documents that may contain useful information and ideas on your topic. Briefly examine and review the actual items. Then choose those works that provide a variety of perspectives on your topic. Cite the book, article, or document using the appropriate style.

5 The annotations tend to do one or both of two things:

6 1) DESCRIPTION Description: a descriptive annotation provides a brief overview of the text. This can include: a description of the contents and a statement of the main argument (i.e., what is the book about?) a summary of the main points a quotation or two to illustrate the style, tone, treatment of the subject

7 2) EVALUATION Evaluation: a critical annotation includes an analysis of the work. Some useful points to consider are: the strengths and weaknesses of the text its accuracy, currency, and/or completeness the intended audience, the level of difficulty the qualifications and authority of the author and publisher the usefulness of the text for your research project or for further study the place of this text in the field of research covered in your bibliography

8 Most annotated bibliographies include a combination of descriptive and evaluative comments

9 Audience The key to writing a good annotation is to consider who will use it. If it is for someone else, what will your reader need to know in order to decide whether or not to read the text for him/herself? If it is for you, how can you sum up the work so that later you will remember your ideas about it? Be brief, clear, and succinct to convey the maximum useful information in your annotation.

10 Annotated bibliographies are useful for:
Active Reading: Annotations make you think carefully about what you are reading: can you sum up an article or a book in a few sentences and state why the source is or isn’t useful to your project? Keeping Track: Annotations can form the basis of a research bibliography for a large project, tracking what you’ve been reading, which sources you’ve found useful and why. Developing Your Ideas: Annotations can help you focus your own ideas on a subject through critically analyzing and articulating your ideas about other treatments of the subject. Surveying the Field: Annotations give an overview of a subject for your reader, showing the range of ideas, viewpoints, what has been “done” on this topic so far, and revealing what has not yet been examined in the literature.

11 Possible questions you should try to answer in the annotation for your ISU
Because you are focusing on the theme when you are evaluating these sources, focus on How is the theme presented in this short story, poem, song, movie etc? Is it through characterization, setting etc…? How does this source relate to my ISU novel? Is this a good illustration of my theme? How is this work similar / different than my ISU novel in its presentation of the theme?

12 Sample Annotation London, Herbert. "Five Myths of the Television Age." Television Quarterly 10 (1) Spring 1982: Herbert London, the Dean of Journalism at New York University and author of several books and articles, explains how television contradicts five commonly believed ideas. He uses specific examples of events seen on television, such as the assassination of John Kennedy, to illustrate his points. His examples have been selected to contradict such truisms as: "seeing is believing"; "a picture is worth a thousand words"; and "satisfaction is its own reward." London uses logical arguments to support his ideas which are his personal opinion. He doesn't refer to any previous works on the topic. London's style and vocabulary would make the article of interest to any reader.

13 REMEMBER For you annotated bibliography and your works cited for your essay you must cite your sources using MLA format… Please see me if you are unsure about MLA

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