Presentation on theme: "Required pubs and equipment: ELA 21/22 TLA Vol 14 or SE 4 TPP IFR-S"— Presentation transcript:
1 Plan an IFR flight from Cairns AAF to Monroe County airport, Monroeville, AL (MVC) Required pubs and equipment:ELA 21/22TLA Vol 14 or SE 4 TPPIFR-SGen PlanningDD 175-1Flight logE6B
2 SME note.9 AUG 2012: Changed the JUY-MVC COP to where V115 crossesThe direct route from JUY-MVC, which Runs North out of CEW VOR.30 JUL 2012: U1A has been deleted from the ELA.JUDD NDB has been substituted for U1A VOR. The change overPoint is located 25 nm from JUDD, which is also the maximumSSV for the JUDD NDB.REMINDER; Weather Flight Planning PE is now a separateHandout apart from the Student Handout. The answers willRemain on the slide show for those desiring to go over the PE inClass orally.
3 TD 68 Weather Flight Planning PE Critique. Wx brief source? th OWS, (FIH)Wx void time? Add 1+30 to brief time. 26th can update.T/O 79J? ¼When to turn on departure? 710 ft MSL (airport elevation + 400ft)Min climb rate? 300 fpm. (use E6B. 90kts g/s, 200ft/nm = 300 fpm)Min cig to file to EDN? – ½ (VOR) If planning to the VOR300-1/2 (GPS) If planning to the GPS Approach7. Do you need an alternate at EDN? YES for VOR (VOR is umto)NO for GPS8. What min wx at EDN would not require an alternate using the VOR IAP? – 3 MEA 2000, minus field elev (361), plus cloud clearance (500), then round up) – 361 = = (2200)9. Min cig and vis to initiate the approach at EDN? 0 – 0 ch 5, AR 95-110. Min forecast wx at Cairns that would allow you to use Cairns as an atlternate? – 1 ¼ If planning for the ILS approach
5 Plan an IFR flight from Cairns AAF to Monroe County airport, Monroeville, AL (MVC) Required pubs and equipment:ELA 21/22TLA Vol 14 or SE 4 TPPIFR-SGen PlanningDD 175-1Flight logE6B
6 Terminal Learning Objective: Complete DD Form 175 In Accordance With (IAW) DoD Flight Information Publications, Aircraft Operators Manual / Supplement and FM
7 Enabling Learning Objective A Complete essential times required.IAW DoD FLIP, Aircraft Operators Supplement, and FM
8 Mission Briefing URS JAJ Deliver 5 lbs a/c parts to MVC 20145 25-Mar-1720145Smith, U.R.Jones, IMN/AIMC/VMCService Support09:00 / 2+15URSJAJDeliver 5 lbs a/c parts to MVCMission Briefing
9 THE NEED? Mission Checklist Solution: FM Appendix A, Table A-1Go there at this timeProperty of URS Corp.
10 AIRCRAFT CAPABILITIES. FMAppendix A Table A-1AIRCRAFT CAPABILITIES.Installed navigational equipment. (ADF,VOR,GPS, etc.)PPC data.Weight and Balance requirements.Maintenance requirements. (Inspections due, MOC, etc.)Anti-ice and deice equipment.
11 AIRCREW CAPABILITIES Pilot Takeoff Minimums. (AR 95-1) Required publications. (AR 95-1, DA Pam )Physical limitations. (Crew endurance requirements, illnesses, medications.)Property of URS Corp.
12 WEATHER PLANNING Departure weather requirements. (AR 95-1) En route weather requirements.Arrival weather requirements. (AR 95-1)Weather Hazards. (Icing, TSMS, Turb)Property of URS Corp.
13 FLIP and NOTAM RESEARCH IFR Supplement. (Airfield data, fuel, PPR, Navaid data)ELA. (Routing, altitudes, courses)TLA. (Approach selection, planning minima, [destination and alternate])FIH. (Position and additional reporting, Lost commo.)AP. (Preferred routes, airfield remarks)GP. (Flight Plan preparation, Aviator responsibilities)NOTAMS. (In person, internet, telephonically)
14 How to check NOTAMS if not at a Military airfield
15 DEPARTUREStandard/nonstandard. (SID,ODP, Diverse departure, VFR climb, Radar departure)Departure weather requirements. (AR 95-1)Departure field Instrument Approach Procedure in the event of emergency during departure.
16 EN ROUTE Route Selection. (Airways, direct, feeder). Altitudes. (Airway, semicircular rule, direct routes, feeder routes).En Route weather hazards. (DD Form 175-1)Course changes and change over points.MEA, MOCA, MRA, MCA.
17 ARRIVAL Note availability of multiple instrument approaches. Weather requirements.Transitions or feeder routes.Alternate airfield requirements.Inoperative components table.
18 ESTIMATED TIME EN ROUTE PLANNING Times based on ground speed. (For each leg.)Adjust ETE for climb out. (On extended climbs)Missed approach/alternate planning. (GP)Calculate total time.
22 Plan an IFR Flight From: Cairns AAF To: Monroeville, Monroe Co Located approximately 75 miles west of Cairns on ELA L-22H, top panel
23 DESTINATION AIRFIELD PLANNING Start at the destination. Determine IAP to be flown and minimum weather requirements. What IAPs are available at MVC that we have the capability to execute and the planning weather for those IAPs?VOR RWY (500 – 1)VOR RWY (500 – 1) if GPS equippedRNAV (GPS) RWY (600 – 1)RNAV (GPS) RWY (500 – 1)
26 For this flight we’ve chosen the VOR RWY 3 IAP NAVAIDS and RoutesFor this flight we’ve chosen the VOR RWY 3 IAPDetermine IAF for the approach procedure to be flown.The IAF for this approach is MVCBack to Alt Planning
27 Determine minimum weather needed to file using this IAP (500 – ETA + 1 hrBack to Alt Planning
28 DD Form175-1 Weather Briefing (600 – 1) Forecast for MVC? 25-Mar-17B06 / OZR 134531010NONEO020} }040} }X X XENRTENRTENRTXVCTY TOIX XENRTMGM RA BKN 008 OVCLSF RA OVCABY RA OVCTOI RA BKN 007 OVCDHN RA BKN 004 OVCMVC VRB HZ BKNOZR VRB HZ BKN12451415STDD Form175-1Weather Briefing29010Forecast for MVC?(600 – 1)We do have wx to file?Back toAlt PlanningPilot, Peter
30 We need an alternate if: ALTERNATE AIRFIELD PLANNINGWe need an alternate if:1. Radar required2. NAVAIDS unmonitored (unmto) (IFR Supp)3. Predominant weather less than:a. Ceiling 400 feet above……b. Visibility 1 mile greater……VFR Exception: - alternate NOT required if VFR conditions exists at MIA and during descent.Approach ChartWX BRIEFINGApproach ChartAR e
31 An alternate is required at our destination due to: Forecast Wx is not at least (900 – 2)forecast wx is
33 ALTERNATE AIRFIELD SELECTION Worst weather1. Ceiling 400’ above……2. Visibility 1 mile greater……3. Not authorized A NA4. Radar required5. NAVAIDS unmonitored6. Class B, C, D, or E airspace to surface7. GPS requiredVFR Exception - VFR descent…………AR f
34 OZR is the only Airfield that meets Wx requirements. 25-Mar-17B06 / OZR 134531010NONEO020} }040} }X X XENRTENRTENRTXVCTY TOIX XENRTMGM RA BKN 008 OVCLSF RA OVCABY RA OVCTOI RA BKN 007 OVCDHN RA BKN 004 OVCMVC VRB HZ BKNOZR VRB HZ BKN12451415STSelect an alternate fromThe list on the DD 175OZR is the onlyAirfield that meetsWx requirements.
37 SELECT APPROPRIATE INSTRUMENT DEPARTURE PROCEDURE, if one exists Where does the SID route end?OPPTO intersection
38 Now we must determine the route from OPPTO to the IAF, which is MVC VOR, using the ELA, panel 22 H. Since there are no practical Victor routes from OPPTO to MVC we will use Direct routing as follows:OPPTO direct JUY NDB direct MVC VOR
41 ALTITUDE SELECTION1. Determine minimum altitude for each route segment2. Consider aloft winds then choose an appropriate altitude, preferably a semicircular rule altitude.
42 MEF ( you must add 1000 or 2000 ft to MEF) OROCA from the ELA In determining the altitude for direct legs you may choose a safe altitude based on any of the following:MEF ( you must add 1000 or 2000 ft to MEF)OROCA from the ELAMSA, ESA, or TAA from IAP chartsPilot experience in the area on previous flights.Note: The above altitudes are “safe” altitudes but may not be the “minimumAltitude for IFR operations” , nor, do they necessarily guarantee navaidReception.
43 The MIA (minimum IFR altitude) for direct legs will be determined in accordance with FAR 91.177. This procedure states that you will use the VFR sectional.Plot your course, mark lines parallel 4 nm on each side of your course. Then do a search for the highest obstacle within the 8 nm wide area and add 1000 feet in non-mountainous terrain and 2000 feet in mountainous terrain to determine your MIA.Keep in mind this altitude will guarantee obstacle clearance but not navaid reception.
44 New Orleans Sectional Chart 4nmMVC8484nmJUYOPPTOA search on the Sectional reveals the highest obstacle to be 848 feet andIs located in this area of the 8 nm zone = 1848 MIA
47 The pilot’s log is designed to assist in cockpit organization. NOTEThe pilot’s log is designed to assist in cockpit organization.You need to list only the check points needed for required actions, such as course turns, ground speed checks,VOR change overpoints, etc.
48 1+ 05 DEST / MVC R20145 ALT 4000 WIND 26010 +12 TAS 95 OPPTO OPPTO JUY MVC84OZR111.2-2230+164084OPPTOCEWR-04127361JUYJUY264-31140840+0828250JUY264-215COP is crossingV 115COP0+11408428035-2MVC116.835MVC0+254084280Est App timeVOR RWY 3MVC116.80+051+ 05
49 An Alternate method of depicting Change Over Point DEST / MVCR20145ALT 4000WINDTAS 95OPPTO OPPTO JUY MVC84OZR111.2-2234084OPPTO0+16CEWR-04127361JUY264-3114084JUY0+0828250MVC-2COPETE 0+18 from JUYMVC116.8500+364084280VOR RWY 30+05Est App timeMVC116.81+05An Alternate method of depicting Change Over PointTime to the half way point from JUY to MVC
50 An Alternate method of depicting Change Over Point DEST / MVCR20145ALT 4000WINDTAS 95OPPTO OPPTO JUY MVC84OZR111.2-2234084OPPTO0+16CEWR-04127361JUY264-3114084JUY0+0828250MVCMVC116.8-2500+364084COPCEW R342115.9280VOR RWY 30+05Est App timeMVC116.81+05An Alternate method of depictingChange Over PointUse Off route Navaid and plot a COP radial
54 Alternate Airfield Flight Log Routing to the Alternate:1. Start at the MAP2. then to the Missed approach holding fix3. one circuit in the pattern4. then to the alternate airfield IAP IAF.FM appendix A, para A-15
55 1+00 ALTERNATE / OZR R20145 ALT 4000 WIND 26010 +12 TAS 95 MVC JUY RUCKR81MVC Miss AppMVC116.80+02200+04HOLD 1 circuitJUYJUY264+2500+2840106COPCEWR 34210631RUCKROZ212+231401060+18106ILS RWY 06I-OZR109.70+081+00
57 FUEL REQUIREDis the amount of fuel needed to complete all portions of the mission.For planning, fuel required includes:1. Fuel required for run-up and taxi. (Avg 20 minutes)Fuel to reach destination airport (to touchdown)Fuel required to reach the alternate (from MAP to touchdown)Fuel reserve5. Fuel for planned additional approaches or holdingWe will use the acronym E A R A to determine fuel required
58 62 gallons Required fuel at Take off. E A R AE (ETE from flight log)A (ETE from destination to alternateR (required fuel reserve)A (additional fuel required for practiceapproaches and holding)TotalThis time must be converted to gallons based on the PPC estimated burn rate at a burn rate of 23.8 gph equals 62 gallons. This is the total fuel needed for this mission at TAKE OFF.62 gallons Required fuel at Take off.Enter this figure on the Flight Log in the REQUIRED FUEL block.
60 In some situations it may be necessary to determine how much fuel is required before engine start. Example: With the cargo load you may not be able to fill the fuel tank due to GWT limits, therefore you would need to know fuel expected to be used during run up and taxi to know fuel required before engine start.Use the acronym REARA
61 A general estimate for run up and taxi at OZR is 20 minutes. 20 minutes at 23.8 gal/h is about 8 galPlan on 8 gal required for run up and taxiAdd this to the required fuel: = 70 gal70 gal would be required in the tank before engine start
62 Required Fuel at Takeoff 62 gal /70 gal REARA = 70 gal required at preflight
63 Fuel Availableis the total usable fuel contained in the aircraft fuel tank at takeoff and is entered as hours and minutes on the DD Form 175 in the Fuel on Board block.Determined by subtracting the estimated fuel used during run-up and taxi from usable fuel in the tank prior to preflight. Average time for run-up and taxi is normally about 20 minutes (about 8 gal)Fuel Available represents the total time the aircraft can remain aloft (from T/O to burn out) at cruise profile.
64 Fuel available at Take Off 62 gal74.6(3+08)Usable fuel at preflight (if topped off)……… galMinus fuel used for run up/taxi………… _ galFuel available at take off……………………… galWhile we are here go ahead and convert 74.6 gal to TIME based on the fuel burn rate for the Fuel on Board flight plan entry.74.6 gal / 23.8 gph =
65 Enabling Learning Objective B Complete DD Form 175IAW DoD FLIP, Aircraft Operators Supplement, and FM
66 Flight from Cairns to Monroeville 25-Mar-17R20145B06/GI95OZR134540OPPTO 2 • OPPTO JUY MVCMVC1+05Enter “I” for instrument flight or “V” for VFREnter TRUE A/S from cruise chartEnter 3 letter identifier for departure airportEnter proposed departure time in UTC.Enter requested altitude (2 digits)Enter identifier for destination airport.Enter route of flight. Last entry is the IAF for the planned approach procedureEnter time enroute from takeoff to destination exclusive of planned enroute delays.Flight from Cairns to Monroeville
67 NOTEThere is a discrepancy in computing ETE between the AIM and GP Ch 4.Use GP, Ch 4, Item 11 b. and the second NOTE to determine ETECompute ETE to the destination airport from take-off to over the destination airport (landing) exclusive of planned en-route delays.
68 Remarks - Request services (fuel) at Monroe County B06/GI95OZR134540OPPTO 2 • OPPTO JUY MVCMVC1+05Remarks - Request services (fuel) at Monroe CountyRank/Honor Code - if requiredFuel endurance in Hours and Minutes, based on number of gallons available at TAKEOFF and the consumption rate at the planned cruise profile. ( GPH = 3+08)MVC - S3 + 08
69 Alternate and ETE to alternate (if required) 25-Mar-17R20145B06/GI95OZR134540OPPTO 2 • OPPTO JUY MVCMVC1+05Date and location of 365-4Alternate and ETE to alternate (if required)Verify NOTAMS checkedVerify weather briefing and or weather briefer initials3 + 08OZR1+00SO 1415OZR 25-Mar-1720145 / USAACE/ OZRIvan M. SmithSMITH, I. M.CW4HQ, DES/Ft Rucker, ALPIJONES, U. R.2LTB Co / 1/ 145 BN / Ft Rucker, AL
71 Enabling Learning Objective C Complete a Stop over Flight Plan
72 Sample Stopover Flight Plan 25-Mar-17R20145B06 /GI94OZR110050CLIOS 2 CLIOS V7 BANBI BLOODTOI0+55I94TOI145540BLOOD MGM MARRA (2+58)MGM0+45Sample Stopover Flight PlanTOI - S2+58WG 1130OZR 25-Mar-1720145 / USAACE/ OZRIvan M. SmithSMITH, I. M.CW4HQ, DES /Ft Rucker, ALPIJONES, U. R.2LTB Co / 1 /145 BN / Ft Rucker, AL
73 Sample Stopover Flight Plan (alternate required for second leg) 25-Mar-17R20145B06 /GI94OZR110040CLIOS 2 CLIOS V7 MGM MARRAMGM1+16I94MGM145550MGM V20 TGE V159 EUF (2+58 OZR 0+30)EUF1+15Sample Stopover Flight Plan(alternate required for second leg)MGM - S2+58WG 1130OZR 25-Mar-1720145 / USAACE/ OZRIvan M. SmithSMITH, I. M.CW4HQ, DES /Ft Rucker, ALPIJONES, U. R.2LTB Co 1 /1/ 145 BN / Ft Rucker, AL
75 Enabling Learning Objective D Complete a DD Form 175 with a Planned Enroute Delay.
76 (Terminal Holding Delay) 25-Mar-17R20145B06 /GI95OZR110050CLIOS 2 • CLIOS V7 BANBI V70 EUF0+41® D EUF MGMI95EUF115640EUF V MGM MARRAMGM1+05Sample Flight Plan(Terminal Holding Delay)2+58WG 1130OZR 13-Jan-1120145 / USAACE/ OZRIvan M. SmithSMITH, I. M.CW4HQ, DES / Ft Rucker, ALPIJONES, U. R.2LTB Co /1/145 BN / Ft Rucker, AL
78 Sample Flight Plan (Enroute Delay) 25-Mar-17R20145B06 /GI95OZR110050CLIOS 2• CLIOS V7 BANBI / D V7MGM MARRAMGM1+16Sample Flight Plan(Enroute Delay)2 +58WG 1130OZR 25-Mar-1720145 / USAACE/ OZRIvan M. SmithSMITH, I. M.CW4HQ, DES / Ft Rucker, ALPIJONES, U. R.2LTB Co / 1/ 145 BN / Ft Rucker, AL
80 Break TimeBe back prior to arrival at OZR. (ETA 00+10)
81 1+05 DEST / MVC R20145 ALT 4000 WIND 26010 +12 TAS 95 OPPTO OPPTO JUY MVC84-2234084OPPTOOZR111.20+16CEWR-04127361UIA110.2-3114084UIA0+0828250MVCMVC116.8-2500+364084280VOR RWY 30+05Est App timeMVC116.81+05
82 TD 68 Weather Flight Planning PE Critique. Wx brief source? th OWS, (FIH)Wx void time? Add 1+30 to brief time. 26th can update.T/O 79J? ¼When to turn on departure? 709 ft MSL (airport elevation + 400ft)Min climb rate? 300 fpm. (use E6B. 90kg/s, 200ft/nm = 300 fpm)Min cig to file to EDN? – ½ (VOR) If planning to the VOR300-1/2 (GPS) If planning to the GPS Approach7. Do you need an alternate at EDN? YES for VORNO for GPS8. What min wx at EDN would not require an alternate? – 3 (Arrival MEA (2000), minus field elevation (361), plus cloud clearance (500), then round up) – 361 = = (2200)9. Min cig and vis to initiate the approach at EDN? 0 – 0 ch 5, AR 95-110. Min forecast wx at Cairns that would allow you to use Cairns as an atlternate? – 1 ¼ If planning for the ILS approach