Presentation on theme: "Lieutenant Colonel Noma Martini"— Presentation transcript:
1 Lieutenant Colonel Noma Martini ROTC Graduate UC Berkeley (1996)18 Years of Service (Infantry / Aviator)UH-60 Blackhawk Pilot2x Deployments (Afghanistan / Iraq)
2 All men can see these tactics whereby I conquer, but what none can see is the strategy out of which victory is evolved.- Sun Tzu
3 AgendaCenter of Gravity AnalysisArmy’s New Training Model – Outcome Based Training and EducationOperational Environment Discussion - NINIWA PROVINCE
4 (Company Level and below) Troop Leading ProceduresSmall Unit Leader’s(Company Level and below)Decision Making ProcessTLPsReceive the MissionIssue a Warning OrderMake a Tentative PlanInitiate MovementConduct ReconnaissanceComplete the PlanIssue the Operations OrderSupervise and RefineMETT-TCMISSIONENEMYTROOPSTERRAINTIMECULTURE
5 Military Decision Making Process Staff Process to Advise the CommanderBattalion Level and AboveUnemotional Analysis and Decision MakingThe basic steps in the MDMP are:Receipt of MissionMission AnalysisCourse of action (COA) DevelopmentCOA Analysis (aka Wargaming)COA ComparisonCOA ApprovalOrders Production
6 Center of Gravity Analysis to Develop a Strategy Critical CapabilitiesCritical RequirementsCritical VulnerabilitiesWhat are our Nation’s CC, CR, CV?TechnologyAgricultureNatural ResourcesValues, Beliefs System
7 ENDs – Desired Outcome (Visualized, Defined and Described) WAYs – Method to Achieve the Desired Outcome.MEANs – Resources / Enablers to support the Method to Achieve the Desired OutcomeMobility (ENDs) + Vehicle (WAYs) + Fuel (MEANs)
8 Strategy = ENDS + WAYS + MEANS ENDS – Conquer EuropeWAY – Mass AttackMEANS – Tank WarfareCritical Vulnerabilities – BearingsCritical Requirement – Factories
9 ENDS / WAYS – Send us Home in Boxes ENDS / WAYS – Kill As Many Americans as PossibleENDS – Influence Public OpinionStrategy = ENDS + WAYS + MEANSWAYS – IEDMEANS – FinancierMEANS – FinancierMEANS – IED MaterialMEANS – IED emplacerMEANS – Detonation Device / Trigger
10 Strategy = ENDS + WAYS + MEANS ENDS – Attack AmericaStrategy = ENDS + WAYS + MEANSWAYS – FreedomsMEANS – Fear / SecurityENDS – Assessment. Successful or Not?The supreme art of war is to subdue the enemy without fighting.- Sun Tzu
12 Definitions Tangible Adjective- Perceptible by touch. Noun- A thing that is perceptible by touch.Synonyms- palpable - concrete - touchable - real - tactileIntangibleAdjective- Unable to be touched or grasped; not having physical presence: "cyberspace or anything else so intangible".Noun- An intangible thing.Synonyms- impalpable - untouchable
13 Desired Attributes in Subordinates ConfidenceProblem-solvingInitiativeTeam PlayerAccountabilityAble to Manage StressAwarenessRetentionJudgmentThinking SkillsDisciplineMotivatedLoyaltyDecision MakerAdaptabilityFitness (Holistic)ResiliencyCompetentCompassionFlexibleMastery of Basic SkillsSelf-learner / Self-starterWarrior SpiritUnderstands the SituationMoral & EthicalResoluteSelfless ServiceCommon (Good) Sense
14 Outcome-Based Training & Education Outcome-Based Training & Education (OBT&E) emphasizes the development of the individual based on operational expectations, both in regards to necessary tangible skills and desired intangible attributes, in an environment of relatedness, resulting in Soldiers and leaders who have learned to teach themselves, able to solve problems as individuals and teams within a framework of knowledge and principles, and have realize an increase in intangible attributes. In OBT&E, measures of effectiveness are utilized to evaluate the achievement of desired outcomes.OBT&E is oriented towards creating adaptive forces able to deal with the complex challenges of current and future combat, and civil and humanitarian operations described in FM 3-0, Operations, and exist in support of the “what” defined in FM 7.0, Training for Full Spectrum Operations and the “how to” defined in FM 7-1, Battle Focused Training.
15 The overall goal of OBTE is to prepare Soldiers to function in tomorrow’s operational environment. To this end, Soldiers who have learned to teach themselves, to solve problems within a framework of knowledge, realize increased confidence, accountability, awareness, judgment and initiative.WHY 13 Years of constant war has created adaptive and dynamic leaders that can not be replicated in a peacetime environment.
16 Tenets or Doctrine of OBT&E: Emphasizes training and education (together termed as development) as a leadership issue, i.e. effective mission accomplishment ultimately occurs from the development of subordinatesEmphasizes the creative nature of military operationsEmphasizes Commander’s Intent rooted in Purpose and Vision that facilitates Means (or Method)Emphasizes Safety as an individual responsibility that enhances training and operationsEmphasizes the risk associated to future military operations when development does not occurEmphasizes the Effective utilization (from a developmental perspective) of fixed resourcesEmphasizes assessment, judgment, decision and execution at all levels of authorityEmphasizes the why over the must (219 instances of must in the current draft of FM 7.0)Emphasizes scenario-based experience of problem solving over exhaustive task listEmphasizes training Tangible Skills as venues for Intangible DevelopmentEmphasizes resources, good curriculum and aptitude/ability as enhancers, not requirements
17 Principles of OBT&E:Training to Grow Problem Solving: teach Soldiers to “learn for themselves” the skills necessary to the success of their mission, within an established framework of knowledge and principlesTraining to Increase Intangibles: develop intangible attributes like confidence, accountability, initiative, judgment and awareness; reinforce positive character traitsTraining to Increase Understanding and Awareness: teach through contextual understanding of the task and its mission applicationTraining to Increase Deliberate Thought: condition Soldiers to exercise always a deliberate thought process (assessment, judgment and decision) while under controlled and increasing levels of stressTraining to Improve Combat Performance: condition Soldiers to overcome the psychological and physiological effects, and the physical requirements of combat
18 Threshold Training for the Individual or Unit Threshold Training exists within a smaller scale of Order to Chaos that moves on a larger scale of Simplicity to Complexity.Targeted Realm ofIndividual StruggleIdealizedRealm of TrainingDestructive ImpactThreshold of FailureOrderChaosNegative ImpactSimplicity1. Explanation on how to incorrectly apply (and the negative of doing so) this diagram to industrial, rationalized, stimulus-response training/performance (machine).2. Explanation on how to correctly apply this diagram to OBTE (human).3. Explanation on the destructive impact of training in the realm of chaos.4. Explanation on the negative impact of training in the realm of order.5. Explanation on training toward difficult success and the opportunity for error.6. Explanation on the negative of training to failure, i.e. the danger of over-reliance on learning from mistakes.7. Explanation of what happens (the cyclic impact) to the individual or unit when operating in the ideal realm of training.8. Explanation on why/how Chaos and Complexity are not the same, but interrelated.9. Explanation on why/how Order and Simplicity are not the same, but interrelated.ComplexityWhere an individual or unit trains on the smaller scale, determines whether the Threshold for Chaos (Failure) generally moves to the right on both scales, remains stagnate or rescinds, such that rightward movement advances the Margin for Success (that which the individual or unit can affect) into higher levels of Complexity.
21 1 2 3 4 5 Support Host Nation Government Lines of Effort (LOEs) or Lines of Operations (LOOs)Support Host Nation Government1Promote Rule of Law and Support Host Nation Security Forces (IA, IP, Pesh Army/Police)2Secure the Porous Borders with Syria, Turkey, and Iran (Isolate population from foreign insurgents)3Set the Conditions to Transition Security to Host NationTransition Security to Host Nation45
24 Train, Teach, Coach and Mentor Creative Thinkers. Need Tomorrow’s Problems Solvers, Today!2,3 year ScholarshipsActive Duty and Part-Time Service OptionsImmediate Job Placement Upon GraduatingGreat Community of People to Work With.Some Really Cool Jobs Opportunities