INTRODUCTION The relation of writing and assessment
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM Novice teachers might have some problems in evaluating students’ writing performance in English The issues of validity and fairness in evaluating students’ work
RESEARCH OBJECTIVES To investigate: 1. the guidelines or criterions used by novice English teachers in evaluating on the students’ second language writing performance. 2. the reliability or validity and fairness of the evaluation done by novice English teachers 3. to look at the differences in terms of language aspects examine in evaluating students’ writing between novice English teachers and expert teachers.
RESEARCH QUESTIONS 1. How novice English teachers evaluate on the second language writing performance between poor and good students? 2. How valid or reliable and fair is the evaluation? 3. What are the differences of language aspects examined in evaluating students’ writing between novice English teachers and expert English teachers?
SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY To guide and assist them in assessing the students’ performance in English writing The feedback given from experienced teachers – improvement for novice teachers It can help the academicians to come up with better teaching curriculum
REVIEW OF LITERATURE NOVICE & EXPERIENCED TEACHER Hughes and Lascaratou (1982) Cumming (1990) Land and Whitley (1989) Shi, Wang and Wen (2001)
THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK Elements that will be analyzed: - general organization - language fluency - ideas - general language (Shi, Wang and Wen, 2001)
RESEARCH DESIGN Qualitative method research questions will focus on the validity and fairness issues and also the differences in terms of assessing students’ writing performance between novice teachers and experienced teachers
RESEARCH SAMPLE 2 novice teachers & 2 experienced teachers (lecturers of UiTM Pahang) Non-English student of UiTM Pahang (taking English subject) - one respondent only - the student will be asking to write an argumentative essay - the essay will be given to the intended teachers to assess.
RESEARCH INSTRUMENT A student’s writing work (essay) - an argumentative essay Interview questions - asking questions that can answer (related to) research questions.
DATA COLLECTION Distribute student’s essay to the participants to evaluate Prepare interview questions Analyze the data from writing assessment and interview
DATA ANALYSIS Analyze and group the elements from the writing evaluation Transcribe the interview and analyse the responses given by the participants Analyze the differences (novice & experienced) Fairness – analyze by looking at the real assessment by the participants with the