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R Language

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What is R? Variables in R Summary of data Box plot Histogram Using Help in R

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What is R ? R is a free, cross-platform, open-source statistical analysis language and program. Many statistical functions are already built in

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Variables Numeric > a = 49 > sqrt(a) [1] 7 String > a = "The dog ate my homework" > sub("dog","cat",a) [1] "The cat ate my homework“ Logical > a = (1+1==3) > a [1] FALSE

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vector: an ordered collection of data of the same type > a = c(1,2,3) To examine the contents of the variable a >a [1] 1 2 3 > a*2 [1] 2 4 6 > a[2] [1] 2

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list: an ordered collection of data of arbitrary types. > d = list(name="john",age=28,married=F) > d$name [1] "john“ > d$age [1] 28

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Mean Dataset: > x=c(0,4,15, 1, 6, 3, 20, 5, 8, 1, 3) >y= 1:6 >y [1] 1 2 3 4 5 6 The Mean > mean(x) [1] 6 OR > sum(x)/length(x) [1] 6

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Median Sort the dataset if it is not sorted >sort(x) [1] 0 1 1 3 3 4 5 6 8 15 20 The Median > median(x) [1] 4 > median(y) [1] 3.5

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Quantiles Q1 > quantile(x,0.25) 25% 2 Q3 > quantile(x,0.75) 75% 7 Quantiles > quantile(x,c(0,0.25,0.5,0.75,1)) 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% 0 2 4 7 20

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Five Number Summary > summary(x) Min. 1st Qu. Median Mean 3rd Qu. Max. 0 2 4 6 7 20

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The Spread of the Data Set Range > range(x) [1] 0 20 IQR > IQR(x) [1] 5

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Boxplot Standard Boxplot > boxplot(x,range=0) Modified Boxplot > boxplot(x)

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Histogram > hist(x) Adding a title > hist(x,main=“ Weight Gain ”) Adding Axis labels >hist(x, main=“Weight Gain”,xlab=“Weight Gain”, ylab =“Frequency”) Change the color >hist(x, main=“Weight Gain”,xlab=“Weight Gain”, ylab =“Frequency”, col=“blue”)

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Read CSV > mydata=read.csv("dataset.csv") > mydata Age Income 1 10 0 2 25 35000 3 43 75000 4 32 55000 5 70 25000 6 19 20000 7 5 0 8 21 20000 9 35 60000 10 24 30000

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How to use help in R? R has a very good help system built in. If you know which function you want help with simply use ?_______ with the function in the blank. Ex: ?hist. If you don’t know which function to use, then use help.search(“_______”). Ex: help.search(“histogram”).

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Activity 1.Using R language, Answer question 4 from the Tutorial. 2.Export the resulted graphs.

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Basics in R part 2. Variable types in R Common variable types: Numeric - numeric value: 3, 5.9, 0.0001 Logical - logical value: TRUE or FALSE (1 or 0)

Basics in R part 2. Variable types in R Common variable types: Numeric - numeric value: 3, 5.9, 0.0001 Logical - logical value: TRUE or FALSE (1 or 0)

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