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Tracing the economic, social, political events from the 1846 to the outbreak of the U.S. Civil War.

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Presentation on theme: "Tracing the economic, social, political events from the 1846 to the outbreak of the U.S. Civil War."— Presentation transcript:

1 Tracing the economic, social, political events from the 1846 to the outbreak of the U.S. Civil War

2 Northern Mind Southern Mind For each of the following terms described in the lesson write the name of the law, incident or event in the column you believe would make the Northern or Southern mind most angry. Include 1-2 sentences explaining why that person would be angry beneath each term. Wilmot Proviso Reason-Southerners believed slave abolition movement would expand

3 Northern Congressman David Wilmot did not want the potential territories acquired from the Mexican War to become slave states. Wilmot attempted to add to a bill [hopeful law] to ban slavery in any new territory. Wilmots Proviso riled up Southern states and caused sectionalist arguments throughout the United States. Wilmots Proviso was passed in the U.S. House of Representatives and later declared unconstitutional by the Dred Scott case.

4 Popular=people or citizens Sovereignty=self rule/self control Popular Sovereignty=Citizens rule themselves democratically Disagreements over the slavery issues were created by Wilmots Proviso. The decision was made to allow citizens of each Western territory to vote on and decide the slave or non-slave status of the territory

5 An abolitionist leaning political party with its origins in New York Although most so-called Free Soilers were against slavery most wanted the new territories to be free of blacks to provide exclusive farm opportunities for white farmers. The slogan of the Free Soil Party was Free soil, free speech, free labor and free men. The party was too controversial and was never able to win the presidency.

6 As a way of trying to heal divisions over slavery in the Western Territories between supporters and opponents two old war hawks Henry Clay and John Calhoun essentially led the way to a compromise. [A] California was admitted as a free state in 1850 [B] Utah and New Mexico would decide by popular sovereignty [C] Strict Fugitive Slave Law was passed

7 The federal Fugitive Slave Act included as part of the Compromise of 1850 was very harsh Northerners were required to participate as witnesses or to help in seizures Any colored person free or escaped had only to be pointed out to be arrested. After capture a federal commissioner decided if the person would be sent South Fees of $10 were paid for each judgment against colored [incentive to deport] The tension and pressure created by the law was incredible. Secret Freeman societies were formed to protect and hide colored people from seizures

8 A former slave born in Maryland who gained her freedom by escaping as a 29 year old woman 1849 she became a conductor on the Underground Railroad. She secretly traveled South more than a dozen times to lead escaped slaves to freedom The railroad was actually a series of clandestine [secret] routes that led to Northern states and Canada Most of the supporters were white abolitionists who risked jail and heavy fines for harboring runaway slaves

9 Harriet Stowe was raised by one of the most well known New England ministerial families [most of the men were preachers] who were also abolitionists. Stowe after hearing about the horrors connected to the Fugitive Slave Act authored one of the most tragic American novels ever written [sold over 300,000 copies in 1852] Uncle Toms Cabin. Her story about the murder of a slave at the hands of master was one of the leading events toward ending slavery Southerners were outraged at how they were portrayed and Northerners were outraged at the horrors of the slave system

10 Write a narrative [first person account] choosing one of the following topics: [A] Supporter/Opponent of Wilmot Proviso [B] Supporter/Opponent of Compromise of 1850 [C] Supporter/Opponent of Free Soil Party [D] Supporter/Opponent of Fugitive Slave Act [E] Escaped slave/free colored person up North during time of Fugitive Slave Act [F] Conductor/supporter on Underground Railroad [G] Southerner/Northerner who hears about or read Uncle Toms Cabin You must explain in detail why you or support or oppose choices A-D, use descriptive examples to explain your actions and opinions. You must fill one side of a page [you may write longer if you need to]. You may add drawings/images on a separate sheet of paper for added explanation.

11 Create a poster/advertisement providing information to worry, scare, help or warn people about the benefits or dangers of one of the following: Wilmot Proviso Fugitive Slave Act Popular Sovereignty Underground Railroad Uncle Toms Cabin The poster must look old [as if it was from 1850s]

12 If you remember from Goal 1 in order to create a better route for railroads to the Southern city New Orleans… Territory in Arizona and New Mexico was bought from Mexico The territory was given free status

13 An example of popular sovereignty in the Western territories was the Kansas-Nebraska Act. This law gave settlers the power to decide if they wanted to allow slavery or prohibit slavery Kansas-Nebraska Act=Popular sovereignty

14 During the 1850s many riots, fights and skirmishes took place in Kansas territory. Because the area wasnt not regulated by the U.S. government lawlessness was able to take place [armed robberies, murders, etc.] Anti-slavery free staters fought with slave supporters Even in Congress lawmakers fought over whether to allow slavery including the Brooks-Sumner Incident

15 A political party that participated in violence against immigrants was the Know-Nothing Party The group was considered to be nativist because they wanted to preserve American language and culture from foreign influence

16 Slave Dred Scott sued for his freedom from his master He believed he should be freed because he and his wife had been held illegally as slaves in Missouri and Illinois where slavery was outlawed The U.S. Supreme Court did not agree with Scott because he was considered property not a citizen Abolitionists were furious with the Courts decision and tension between the North and South increased He was later freed by his owner anyway

17 Abraham and others formed a new Republican Party based on anti- slavery and abolition. Abraham Lincoln was elected president of the United States in 1860 and a major platform [set of ideas] was abolition In fact the Emancipation Proclamation was issue to free all slaves in 1862.

18 Political debates between two candidates for U.S. Senate: Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas in 1858 The main issue discussed was the abolition of slavery and the prohibition of slavery in the Western territories such as Kansas and Nebraska Neither candidate favored slavery but Lincoln believed immediate abolition would tear the nation apart Douglas supported his Freeport Doctrine which allowed popular sovereignty to decide the slavery issue in the Western Territories.

19 John Brown was abolitionist originally from Connecticut [North] He absolutely hated slavery and fought several times to abolish it [including in Bleeding Kansas] In 1859 he decided to attack a militia fort that had weapons with 20 other men at Harpers Ferry, Virginia His force was defeated by nearly 100 U.S. Marines. He was captured and put on trial for treason. He was found guilty and hanged. John Wilkes Booth witnessed the execution and was so angry he vowed revenge.

20 Create a newspaper page including 5 separate stories covering 5 separate terms from the 3.01 vocabulary list. You must have at least 10 sentences in each story covering the most important parts of the terms and 1 image for each news story. You may use your imagination [including your opinions] to be creative but the essence of the news stories must be based on fact. This newspaper page must be from this time period [1850s].

21 houseeslaveactof1850.html houseeslaveactof1850.html yK1Pg8nA/s320/kansas_nebraska_act_2.bmp yK1Pg8nA/s320/kansas_nebraska_act_2.bmp mber_week2b.jpg mber_week2b.jpg,_1859.jpg,_1859.png

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