Presentation on theme: "Postmodern criticism and art"— Presentation transcript:
1 Postmodern criticism and art AppropriationIronyParodyDeconstructionIdentitityGenderAll these characteristics of the postmodern in art can be found in the work of Marcel Duchamp and his Dadaist contemporariesMan RayMarcel Duchamp as Rrose SelavyMarcel Duchamp L.H.O.O.Q
2 Marcel Duchamp The Bride Stripped Bare by her Bachelors, Even (The Large Glass)
3 Appropriation, Mechanical Reproduction Andy Warhol Dick Tracy 1960Andy Warhol Auto portrait 1966
13 Tracy Emin“…Emin's art is one of disclosure, using her life events in works ranging from story telling, drawing, filmmaking, installation, painting, neon, photography, appliquéd blankets and sculpture. Emin exposes herself, her hopes, humiliations, failures and successes in an incredibly direct manner. Often tragic and frequently humorous, it is as if by telling her story and weaving it into the fiction of her art she somehow transforms it….”From the White Cube Gallery, London
14 Marc Quinn Self 1991 Frozen Blood (re-cast 1996) Identity and new mediaMarc QuinnAlison Lapper PregnantWhite marbleMarc Quinn Self Frozen Blood (re-cast 1996)
15 Blood sculpture 'melted' Self was bought for a rumoured £13,000 One of the Brit Art movement's most remarkable works, a sculpture made entirely of human blood, may accidentally have been destroyed.According to a report in The Guardian, there has been speculation in the art world that Self, by Marc Quinn, had melted after the refrigerator it was stored in was disconnected by builders.The work, which is a life size cast of the artist's head, is made out of in nine pints of his own frozen, congealed blood.It has to be kept refrigerated or it will melt.The work is owned by Charles Saatchi, the key patron of Brit Art, and the owner of the Saatchi Gallery along with one of the biggest private collections of contemporary British art.It has been reported that builders who arrived to extend Mr Saatchi's London kitchen at the request of his partner, TV chef Nigella Lawson, unplugged the kitchen freezer where the head was kept.They discovered the mistake when red liquid was found oozing across the floor.
16 Identity, race and culture Chris Ofili The Holy Virgin Mary (1996) Ofili's work is made up of paper collage, oil paint, glitter, polyester resin and elephant dung on linen.
17 Identity, race and culture Lin OnusFruit Bats, 1991
18 New mediaDamien Hirst The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living (1991) Shark suspended in a formaldehyde bath
19 A comment by the artist'[After] the first piece of art I ever sold, I paid someone else to make the next one, so I could actually keep going out drinking.' (Damien Hirst).
20 Jake and Dinos Chapman Great Deeds Against The Dead (1994) AppropriationsourceGoyaThe Disasters of War Plate 39 Great Deeds - Against the DeadJake and Dinos Chapman Great Deeds Against The Dead (1994)
21 Appropriation and irony “The exhibition, Works from the Chapman Family Collection 2002, paid ironic homage to the fast food giant McDonald’s through a fictional collection of rare ethnographic objects. The objects were carved from aged wood and presented in a parody of traditional museum displays. They appeared genuinely authentic until a closer inspection revealed the corporate symbolism of the hamburger chain. Issues of colonialism, capitalism, racism and globalisation are inherent in the work yet no critique or political statement is offered by the artists. Rather, the Chapmans’ aim is to unearth the contradictions and hypocrisies present in contemporary culture, posing questions but providing no answers.”Saatchi paid £1m for their widely praised Works from the Chapman Family Collection, a group of totemistic wooden figures with a mysterious yen for fast food.Appropriation and irony
22 Glen Baxter Trouble At The Design Museum Appropriation, Irony, ParodysourceGerrit RietveldRed-Blue Chair 1917Glen Baxter Trouble At The Design Museum
23 Ironya late MondrianGlen Baxter “I’m still not entirely convinced it is a late Mondrian” drawled Buchanan
25 Photographer: F.Parr Image courtesy of Sherman Galleries Photographer: F.Parr Image courtesy of Sherman GalleriesMike Parr’s performance “Malevich (A Political Arm) performance for as long as possible”“For thirty hours between the third and fourth of May 2002, a man sat in a gallery with his only arm nailed to the wall.”
26 From: Mike Parr: internet performance Adam Geczy The origin of performance art can be located in 1917 in Zurich at the Cabaret Voltaire, where Hugo Ball, his partner Emmy Hennings and several other notable Dadaists, spouted nonsense verse to accompany nonsense acts to protest the Great War and the preciousness of art in general: no more cute art in frames, no more static art that only makes the philistines richer. From its beginnings, then, a critical part of the content of performance art has been its ephemerality. Once performed, or in fact at any given moment during the performance, it can never be the same again.
28 Site specific installation Richard LongA Circle in Alaska – Bering Straight Driftwood 1977
29 Gallery installation -unconventional media Richard Long Untitled 2003River Avon mud with acrylic medium on wood
30 Andy Goldsworthy Red Pool, Scaur River, Dumfriesshire, 1994/95 Site specific installationAndy Goldsworthy Red Pool, Scaur River, Dumfriesshire, 1994/95
31 Site specific installation Andy Goldsworthy Snow Spires, Ellesmere Island 1994/95
32 Artist’s statement -Andy Goldsworthy "At its most successful, my 'touch' looks into the heart of nature; most days I don't even get close. These things are all part of a transient process that I cannot understand unless my touch is also transient-only in this way can the cycle remain unbroken and the process be complete." -Andy GoldsworthyAndy Goldsworthy hit the headlines in June 2000 when he placed 13, one-ton snowballs around London for a Brit Art exhibition.
33 Andy Goldsworthy Installations Grise fjord, Ellesmere Island March/April1989
34 Frank Gehry Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao, Spain, 1997. New Materials and Technology, “Playfulness”Frank Gehry Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao, Spain, 1997.
36 source :Leon Battista Alberti The Church of San Francesco, Rimini, Italy 1446-68
37 Bernard Tschumi Parc de la Villette, Paris 1983-91 The Architecture of DeconstructionBernard Tschumi Parc de la Villette, Paris
38 Appropriation Two Follies: Bernard Tschumi Parc de la Villette, and Pirro Ligorio Villa Bomarzo 16th Century
39 The Architecture of Deconstruction - the architectural realisation of Derrida’s theories Bernard Tschumi Parc de la Villette…One aspect of the Parc de la Villette's deconstructive nature is its inversion of the traditional hierarchy of structure over ornamentation. The insides of structures are, in places, exposed on exteriors and used as decoration. The site also demonstrates how formal construction principles can be co-opted by purely ornamental considerations. The result is wonderfully disorienting to say the least. From the standpoint of poststructuralism, the Parc de la Villette participates in deconstruction's elevation of the signifier to a more active relationship with the signified.
40 postmodern – new technologies, “escalation of shock” "The thing about 9/11 is that it's kind of an artwork in its own right. It was wicked, but it was devised in this way for this kind of impact. It was devised visually." Damien Hirst
41 New York 9/11 “Tribute in Light” memorial 3/11/02 to 4/13/02 postmodern – appropriation, recontextualisation (see next frame for possible source)New York 9/11 “Tribute in Light” memorial 3/11/02 to 4/13/02
42 possible sourceAlbert Speer The Cathedral of Light German Nazi Party Rally at Nuremburg 1934