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History of Georgia.

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Presentation on theme: "History of Georgia."— Presentation transcript:

1 History of Georgia

2 One Reason Why Georgia was Founded
The colony of Georgia was truly the vision of James Edward Oglethorpe. He had planned to use the new colony to help people in debtors prison. However, by the time he received the charter for Georgia (June 9, 1732) Oglethorpe had dropped his plan to use debtors and hand-picked the 116 men and women who would travel to Georgia on The Ann.

3 James Edward Oglethorpe
General James Edward Oglethorpe is considered the founding father of Savannah, Augusta, and Georgia. He brought 120 settlers to Georgia. This was the last of the 13 colonies. He also helped plan the city of Savannah.

4 Tomichichi Tomichichi was the chief of the Yamacraw Indians.
He greeted Oglethorpe when he first landed on Yamacraw Bluff. They became friends.

5 Georgia King George II signed the royal charter which established the colony of Georgia in 1732.

6 King George II Georgia colony was named in honor of King George II, the king of England.

7 Ship "Anne" "Anne" was the name of the ship that brought Oglethorpe and the colonists from England on November 17, 1732. They landed on Yamacraw Bluff in Savannah on February 12, 1733.

8 Yamacraw Bluff Yamacraw Bluff is located in Savannah on the Savannah River. It is where the settlers and Oglethorpe landed in Yamacraw was the name of a tribe of Indians that lived there. These monuments mark the spot where Oglethorpe landed with the first Georgia Colonists.

9 Colony of Georgia A colony is a place that is ruled by another country. James Oglethorpe brought 120 settlers to the Colony of Georgia. The settlers arrived in Georgia February 12, 1733, to start a new colony called Georgia. This new Colony was the 13th colony in the new world called America.

10 Yamacraw Indians Yamacraw Indians lived on the land that we now call Savannah. They are part of the Creek tribe.

11 Savannah The name Savannah is said to have came either from the Sawana people who lived in that area Or the name may be from a Shawnee word for the Savannah River.

12 Mary Musgrove Mary and John Musgrove
Mary Musgrove (Interpreter) helped Oglethorpe and Tomochichi talk to each other. She also owned a trading post and became a very wealthy woman. Mary and John Musgrove

13 Mary Musgrove the Interpreter
Tomochichi’s interpreter was Mary Musgrove. In 1736, John Wesley wrote, “She understands both languages, being educated amongst the English. She can read and write, and is a well-civilized women. She is likewise to teach us the Indian tongue.” –

14 A Colonial Trading Post
A colonial trading post -A trading post was a store where colonist and Native Americans traded with each other. Mary and her husband moved their trading post to Yamacraw Bluff in The post, known as the Cowpens, became a successful business.

15 Life in the Colony Life was simple in the new colony.
People farmed and raised cattle and horses. There was lumbering and fur trade.

16 First Native Americans in Georgia:
MOUND BUILDERS The first people to live in Georgia were the prehistoric Indians called the Mound Builders. They built mounds to bury the dead, for temples, and others were built in animal shapes

17 Native Americans in Georgia:
Before the White Settlers Cherokee Indians live in North Georgia. Creek Indians lived in South Georgia.

18 Sequoyah A Georgia Indian called Sequoyah was the first to make an Indian alphabet in 1821. These words are written in Sequoyah's alphabet and are spoken in the Cherokee language.

19 The Cherokee Phoenix The first Indian newspaper was
published in Georgia in 1828. It was called the “Cherokee Phoenix”.

20 Trail Of Tears In 1830 the Congress of the United States passed the "Indian Removal Act." This act forced the Cherokee Indians from their homelands in the east to Indian Territory what is now called Oklahoma in This is known as the "Trail of Tears" or "The Trail Where They Cried".

21 Trustee’s Garden The “Trustee’s Garden” was the first agricultural experimental farm and station in American. It was started in 1733 in Savannah. The purpose was to experiment with herbs and plants from all over the world to find out which crops would grow best in Georgia such as peaches, rice, cotton, grapes, flax, hemp, indigo, olives, and the mulberry trees.

22 The First Sunday School
The first protestant Sunday School was started by John Wesley in Savannah in This was the first “Sunday School” in America. Christ Church was founded in 1733.

23 Bethesda Orphanage Bethesda Orphanage is the oldest Orphanage still in operation in America. It was opened in 1741 by George Whitefield and James Habersham. It is located in Savannah.

24 First African Baptist Church
In 1788, two slaves, Andrew Bryan and Abraham Marshall, worked to organize the first black Church in America named the First African Baptist Church.

25 Revolutionary War England ruled America.
In 1775 the people in America decided they wanted to rule themselves. Washington’s Guns are British cannons given to Savannah by George Washington. They went to war with England and gained their freedom in 1783. On January 2, 1788, Georgia became the fourth state to join the United States.

26 Cotton Gin – Eli Whitney
Eli Whitney invented the first cotton gin near Savannah in 1793. The cotton gin helped to make cotton the south’s most important crop.

27 S.S. Savannah – Steamship
The S.S. Savannah was the first steamship to cross the Atlantic Ocean. It took 29 days for the S.S. Savannah to travel from Savannah to Liverpool, England in 1891.

28 First Gold Rush The first gold rush in the United States
was in Dahlonega, Georgia in 1828. Georgia gold was used to cover the dome of the Capital Building in Atlanta.

29 Coca – Cola Coca – Cola was first made in a drugstore in
Atlanta in 1886. It is now a famous soft drink sold around the world.

30 First Girl Scouts Troop
The first Girl Scout Troop was started in Savannah in 1912. Headquarters for the first Girl Scout Troop It was formed by Juliette Gordon Low.

31 Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Martin Luther King was the first Georgian to win the Nobel Peace Prize. He was a black Baptist minister that was known for his leadership during the black freedom movement in the sixties.

32 Jimmy Carter Jimmy Carter was the 39th President of the United States from He was born on October 1, 1924 in Plains, Georgia. His name was James Earl Carter, Jr. Jimmy Carter has been very active in his post-presidential life. He is a champion of human rights and works for several charitable causes such as Habitat for Humanity.


34 Links for Kids and Teachers
Georgia for Kids Georgia with KidsKonnect President Jimmy Carter Coloring Pages President Jimmy Carter ( ) - picture only - no sentence. President Jimmy Carter at the White House Jimmy Carter Birth State - Georgia - picture only - no sentence. Jimmy Carter Birth State - Map of Georgia with Borders - picture only - no sentence. U.S. Flag flown during Jimmy Carter's Presidency - 50 star flag adopted in 1960

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