Presentation on theme: "How did Hitler turn the Chancellorship into a dictatorship by 1934?"— Presentation transcript:
1 How did Hitler turn the Chancellorship into a dictatorship by 1934?
2 Great Depression during 1930s Total Control of State by a Dictator Black Tuesday stock market crashesTreaty of VersaillesGreat Depression during 1930sTotalitarianismIncreasing influence of new political parties that emphasize state control -For example: Communism, Nazism, FascismTotal Control of State by a Dictator
3 Hitler became Chancellor January 1933 The depression after the Wall Street Crash made many more people vote for the Nazis. In 1933 Von Papen convinced Hindenburg that Hitler should become Chancellor.Hitler becameChancellorJanuary 1933
5 The Reichstag Fire The Reichstag building burnt down. A communist was found inside the building. He admitted responsibility.Chancellor Hitler was able to convince people that the Communists were trying to take power by terrorism.He was able to have the Communists banned from the Reichstag.February 1933
6 The Enabling ActWith the Communists banned from the Reichstag Hitler was able to pass:HITLER CANRULE ALONEFOR FOURYEARS. THEREIS NO NEED TOCONSULT THEREICHSTAG.March 1933
7 THE ENABLING ACT GAVE HITLER THE POWER TO MAKE HIS OWN LAWS THE ENABLING ACT GAVE HITLER THE POWER TO MAKE HIS OWN LAWS. SO, HE BANNED ALL OTHER POLITICAL PARTIES!KPDSPDSPD- Social Democrats KPD- Communists DDP- German Democratic Zentrum- German Centre Party (Catholic)DDPZentrum
8 Political prisonerswere put inconcentration campsrun by the S.S.
9 The Night of the Long Knives Now I have got rid of opposition political groups, I can now deal with opposition in my party. Ernst Rohm (an old friend), head of the S.A. is very unpopular with the German army leaders. They have the power to overthrow me.I’ve been worried about Rohm for a while, so this is a good excuse.June 1934
10 The Night of the Long Knives Hitler had to get rid of Rohm. He was too much of a threat.On the night of 30th June 1934 Hitler’s S.S. killed over 1000 SA members including Rohm.The army were pleased.Hitler had gained the support of the army.
11 The death of President Hindenburg A final note PRESIDENT HINDENBURG’S DEATH GAVE HITLER THEOPPORTUNITY TO COMBINETHE ROLE OF CHANCELLORAND PRESIDENT. HE CALLEDHIMSELF ‘DER FUHRER’.August 1934
12 Oath of loyalty to Adolf Hitler Every soldier swore a personal oath of loyalty to ADOLF HITLER.
16 Nazi Military State GESTAPO: the Secret State Police SS (Schutzstaffel): Defense Corps “black shirts”, an elite guard unit formed out of the SASA (Sturmabteilung): Stormtroopers "brown-shirts" early private Nazi army that protected leaders and opposed rival political partiesLebensraum (living space): concept that emphasized need for territorial expansion of Germany into eastWehrmacht: German armyHJ (Hitler Jugend): Hitler YouthEinstazgruppen: Nazi Death Squad; mobile killing unitsVolk: all inclusive concept of nation, people and race, implying the superiority of German culture and race; led to policy of Volksgemeinschaft (idea of a harmonized racial Nazi community in government policies and programs)
21 “The Eternal Jew” Depiction of a Jew holding gold coins in one hand and a whip in the other. Under his arm is a map of the world, with the imprint of the hammer and sickle. Posters like this promoted a sharp rise in anti-Semitic feelings, and in some cases violence against the Jewish community.This Nazi propaganda poster reads, ‘Behind the enemy powers: the Jew.