Presentation on theme: "PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILITY and values enhancement seminar (paves)"— Presentation transcript:
1 PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILITY and values enhancement seminar (paves) (Council for the Restoration of Filipino Values – Corruption Prevention Unit –Office of the President through theDepartment of EducationOffice of the OmbudsmanTransparency International)
2 Introduction to PAVESGoals of AGCPS/MRP Why AGCPS/MRP? 10 National Illnesses Graft and Corruption 2 Approaches of the OMB
3 Goals… To be godly To develop love of country To be “maka-tao” To be “maka-kalikasan” To develop value habits of discipline, orderliness & cleanliness To develop integrity, accountability & stewardship
4 Why PAVES?1. Due to past and present socio-political - spiritual and economic situation of our nation.Described as the “sick man of Asia” and “Powder keg of the region.”12th most corrupt nation (source: TI Phil) (cont…)
5 Why PAVES? 3.3+TRILLION lost due to corruption ( 2006) (cont…)3.3+TRILLION lost due to corruption ( 2006)Total debt as of 4/30/ trillion each Pilipino owes P53,989 Investors ranked the judiciary the worst in the region Tax collection the WORST in Asia Most corrupt in SEASIA!
6 2. The NEED for moral renewal to eradicate national illnesses Study showed 10 illnesses that are greatly affecting our social, political, economic, moral and spiritual lives as an individual and as a nation.
7 (Based on a study done by UP) 10 NATIONAL ILLNESSES(Based on a study doneby UP)
8 Graft and Corruption-A cancer on development (World Bank) 10 National IllnessesGraft and Corruption-A cancer on development (World Bank)Corruption [is] a moral issue, that the fabric of society can be eroded. Young people now have as their role models [the leaders] who have made money as a result of corruption. Corruption destroys the future of society, and we must not ignore these effects. If we take moral, ethics out of our work, we are no better than animals.” General Olusegun Obasanjo, Former President of Nigeria
9 What is CORRUPTION?Dishonest dealing or the abuse of public power for private gain (STEALING)May be committed by government officials and employees in conspiracy with private citizensExample: Unnecessary purchases, secret commissions and/or kickbacks, bribery, graft, embezzlement, fraud, extortion, patronage, nepotism, cronyism.
10 What is GRAFT?The Act of taking advantage of one’s position in government to gain money, property, FAME…Committed by government officials and employees only.Example: Ghost contracts/ employees, falsification of time cards/RATA, fixing, vested interests,conflict of interest.
12 Perceived to be most corrupt agencies in the Philippines(ABS-CBN) PNPBoCBIRDPWHAFP
13 MOST CASES FILED IN THE Ombudsman as of May 22, 2012 LGU(Mayors)-2,075 casesPNP-1128Dep Ed-562PIA-490BIR-304AFP-177BoC-177DENR-148DSWD-148DoJ-9811. DoF-9812. DOH-9713. DPWH-8614. DAR-8115. CHED-5716. COMELEC-5417.NLRC-4818. BFP-4719. NBI-4520. NEDA-45
14 Initiatives Undertaken: Pres. Pnoy has tasked the review of the bureaucracy to respond with haste. Ombudsman Carpio- Morales started reforms in the Office of the Ombudsman’s to reclaim its credibility, complaints have increased as renewed trust is seen, cases resolved increased, martial law type of discipline was instilled, punctuality on all its employees ordered
16 FACES and FORMS: GRAFT and CORRUPTION 1.Bribery, Extortion, Unjust Gain2. Monopolies (Special Interest Group, Cartels)3.Conflict of Interest4.Influence Peddling, morality compromisers for gain.5.Power- abuse.
17 Results of Graft & Corruption 1. Social Problems Widespread poverty Inadequate housing Lack of public utility services Mal-distribution of wealth Breakdown of peace Proliferation of vices especially gambling & substance abuse
18 Results… Widespread decline of moral values 2. Political Problems Inability of government to deliver basic services Widespread decline of moral values Continued patronage & money politics Lack of effectiveness of political party system Inadequate participation of the majority of the citizenry in the political process
20 Results…4. Spiritual/Moral Problems Weakening of moral fiber Deterioration of traditional Filipino ethical values Disrespect of authority Disregard for authority, law, culture of death & violence Widespread state of godlessness
21 Compensation to be received National Illnesses2. Patronage andCost of being electedvs.Compensation to be received1.Crony capitalism2.Narco-politics 3.politicaldynasties
22 3. Apathy and Passivity Apathy – insensibility or indifference - (“walang pakialam”)Passivity – without action- (“walang ginagawa”)
23 4. Poverty and Mendicancy 40% population below poverty line• One of every four Filipino families are hungry. While the percentage has decreased dramatically since the 1980s and 1990s, the volumes have not. That’s according to the Washington-based International Food Policy Research Institute. With a present population of nearly 100 million, Filipinos who are starving number about 25 million.• One-tenth of the population, nearly 10 million Filipinos, are working overseas. Most are in America, the Middle East, and nearby Hong Kong, Macau, and Singapore. A good number are in jobs beneath their education and training. Statistics show that one of every five OFW college kids drop out because of non-parental guidance or broken homes.
24 5. Factionalism and Division Regionalism Ethnic grouping Religious diversityCultural differencesTraditions
25 6. Lack of Patriotism and Loyalty Colonial mentality / lawlessness / materialism / non payment of taxes
26 7. Immorality- a.k.aWickedness, sin, depravity, decadence, iniquity, debauchery, dissipation, a breach to the accepted standard of divine behavior.Adultery*phaedophilia*homosexuality*Lesbianism*pornography*abortion* incest*
27 8. Juvenile Delinquency Or Juvenile in Conflict w/ the Law – is a person who at the time of the commission of the offense is below 18 y/o but not less than 9 y/o Average of 501, 515 children arrested & detained in a year.Peer group pressure. Insecurity. Low self-esteem. Fraternities. Gangs. Dysfunctional families. Law exempting detention of minors for crimes committed. Exploitation by adults.
29 10. Rebellion and Insurrection Government dissatisfaction, corruption, ideology, plain banditry and lawlessness, ambition, foreign intrusion and influence, religion and other beliefs, mutiny, insurgence, revolution…..
30 3. Negative Filipino traits that needs to be transformed: e. Colonial mentality f. kanya-kanya syndrome g. Lack of self- reflection h. Short cut method – 3LsCrab mentalityExtreme family- centerednessLack of disciplinePassiveness
31 4. Positive Filipino traits that needs to be strengthened: Pakikipagkapwa taoFamily- centerednessc. Joy & humord. Flexibilitye. Industrious & hardworking f. Ability to survive g. maka-Diyos
32 2 Approaches of O.P. & OMB Confrontational Approach – implementing the law &imposing penaltiesTransformational Approach– transforming the individual psyche or the inner man by living our Pili-pino values
33 “Upang maitindig natin ang tunay na bantayog ng ating panlipunang pagbabanyuhay, kailangang radikal nating baguhin hindi lamang ang ating mga institusyon kundi maging ang paraan ng ating pamumuhay at pag- iisip. Ang kailangan ay isang rebolusyon hindi lamang sa panlabas kundi na sa panloob.”-Apolinario Mabini,Revolution Filipina (1898)
35 SpeakersDr. Voltaire Acosta Introduction to AGCPSMr. Reuben Aslor Love of GODSelfless LoveWisdom of TruthfulnessStewardshipMr. Danilo Cacait Sanctity of MarriageRespect for AuthorityAtty. Pio Gargantes R.A. 7877R.A. 3019The OMBUDSMAN actMr. Nathaniel Saquiban Executive order 292