2 What is Freedom? Is freedom an absolute? Do we have to give up freedom to obtain or have freedom?What do you think Freedom is?Write a 7-10 sentence paragraph explaining what freedom is to you.
3 Why do we have Governments? To form UnionsEstablish JusticeInsure Domestic TranquilityProvide a Common DefensePromote the General WelfareSecure the Blessing of LibertyWould someone please volunteer to go and read the Preamble of the Constitution
4 Theories on Gov’tDivine Right: God grants authority to rule to Royalty.Social Contract Theory: Developed by John Locke, Jean Jacques Rousseau and Thomas Hobbes.It is a Gov't that is created out of necessity by a voluntary act of free people.It serves to the will of the people that are the source of political power and can give or take it away as they choose.
5 Forms of Government Unitary Gov’t: one single central agency Federal Gov’t: Central and Local Gov’tConfederate Gov’t: An alliance of independent statesPresidential Gov’t: Separation of powers between Executive and Legislative branches
6 Forms of Government Cont. Parliamentary Gov’t: Executive branch headed by Prime Minister, chosen by Legislative body out of the body.Dictatorship Gov’t: Those who are in power are not held responsible by the people.
7 What’s all the talk about…really? DemocracyWhat’s all the talk about…really?
8 Democracy Supreme political authority rests with the people People hold sovereign powerGov’t run by the consent of the peopleTwo forms of DemocracyDirect: People’s will is translated into public policyRepresentative: Small groups chosen by the people to represent their wants and needs.This is called Gov’t with the consent of the governed
9 Basic Concepts of Democracy in the United States A recognition of the fundamental worth and dignity of every personA respect for the equality of all personsA faith in majority rule and an insistence up on minority rightsAn acceptance of the necessity of compromiseAn insistence upon the widest possible degree of individual freedom
10 Final Thoughts on Democracy Democracy is not a perfect systemIts more of less a system of trial and error and learning from those errors