Presentation on theme: "Water crisis : re-allocation of agriculture needs"— Presentation transcript:
1 Water crisis : re-allocation of agriculture needs Wahana Lingkungan Hidup IndonesiaWater crisis : re-allocation of agriculture needsDinar Rani SetiawanWahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia/WALHIFriends of the Earth Indonesia
2 Quality and quantity degradation Wahana Lingkungan Hidup IndonesiaWater crisisJava : home of 65% population; 4,5% water potential; 7% landdeficit by 13,1 billion m2Nusa TenggaraNatural resourcesQuality and quantity degradationWater accessTap waterLimited access (18% total population)41 % urban area8% rural area
3 Indonesia’s future with MDGs Wahana Lingkungan Hidup IndonesiaIndonesia’s future with MDGsMDG : To provide 75% water accessNational (2015)Population covered : 75%Water need : m3/yearPercentage : 28,97% of total watershed( = 49,76% agriculture need)-- assumption : water availability constant200L/day (WHO standard)Jakarta (2010) *- population :- Water need : m3/year- Realization : m3/year- Equal to 45,38% covered we’re not getting any near*JICA data
4 Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia www.walhi.or.id Water rightWater right supporter: efficient allocation unit and a solution of water crisis in urban and industry consumers.Water right lead allocation based on its economical status settlement, industry (Chile and Srilanka)Water Act No.7/2004 : not allowing the origin “water right” concept (ownership/entitlement)Regarding water crisis, reallocation of water from agriculture to other sector is inevitableThis condition threats food security
5 User composition shifting Wahana Lingkungan Hidup IndonesiaUser composition shiftingThis has already occured atBrantas and Citarum Rivers:Domestic demands increaseIndustry demands increaseAgriculture allocation decrease Water shifts from agriculture
6 Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia www.walhi.or.id
7 Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia www.walhi.or.id
8 Other source: Problematic! Wahana Lingkungan Hidup IndonesiaOther source: Problematic!Water body (river basin, lake, estuaries, water spring)- polluted, saline water intrusion, decreasingGround water- un-renewable, subsidence, contaminated (e-coli form)- North Jakarta reach 35cm subsidized in 10 yearsPacked water- expensive, litter
9 Solutions and Alternatives Wahana Lingkungan Hidup IndonesiaSolutions and AlternativesRestoration ecosystem to normalizing hydrology cycle.Diversification staple food (1 kg rice = 3000 L water)Develop new planting method to reduce the use of waterPublic campaign to raise people awareness of water as limited resourceDecentralization to facilitate citizen distribution
10 Whatever the solutions we’re taking, Wahana Lingkungan Hidup IndonesiaWhatever the solutions we’re taking,Risking Agriculture sector is uncompromised !
11 Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia www.walhi.or.id Merci Beaucoup!