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Approaches to happiness, life goals and well-being

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1 Approaches to happiness, life goals and well-being
Majda Rijavec – University of Zagreb, Croatia Ingrid Brdar – University of Rijeka, Croatia Dubravka Miljković – University of Zagreb, Croatia

2 Well-being hedonic conceptions of well-being
eudaimonic conceptions of well-being

creating high levels of happiness finding and fostering positive emotionality Kahnemann, Diener & Schwartz, 1999. EUDAIMONIC APPROACH expanding potentials cultivating personal growth Ryan & Deci, 2001.

4 Hedonic approach

5 Eudaimonic approach

6 Well-being subjective well-being – hedonic aspects psychological well-being – eudaimonic aspects

7 Precursors of well-being
Approaches to happiness Life goals

8 Approaches to happiness
Seligman, 2002 Pleasant life Engaged life Meaningfull life

9 Pleasant life consists of having as many pleasures as possible and skills to amplify the pleasures

10 Engaged life comes through deep engagement, using one's strengths and virtues in activities that one finds challenging and rewarding

11 Meaningfull life consists of using one's strengths in the service of something that one believes is larger than oneself

12 Types of life goals Extrinsic Intrinsic physical attractiveness
financial success physical attractiveness social fame/popularity emotional intimacy community service personal growth

13 Intrinsic and extrinsic life goals Kasser & Ryan, 1993, 1996, 2001
intrinsic goals are associated with enhanced well-being extrinsic goals do not enhance and often detracts from well-being

14 Aim To examine the relationship between approaches to happiness
intrinsic and extrinsic life goals hedonic and eudaimonic well-being

15 Eudaimonic well- being
Hypotheses Pleasant life Extrinsic goals Hedonic well being Engaged life Eudaimonic well- being Intrinsic goals Meaningfull life

16 Instruments Ways of life questionnaire (Peterson, Park & Seligman, 2005) Aspiration Index (Kasser & Ryan, 1996) The Satisfaction With Life Scale (Diener, 1985) The Scales of Psychological Well-Being (Ryff, 1989)

17 Participants 776 students 286 males and 490 females
aged from 15 to 20 years


19 Pleasant life is positively related only to hedonic well-being – directly and through extrinsic life-goals Engaged life is directly positively related only to eudaimonic well-being Meaningfull life is positively related to both hedonic and eudaimonic well-being, and postively to eudaimonic well-being through intrinsic life-goals

20 Conclusions Different approaches to happiness are related to different types of well-being This relationship is to a certain extent mediated by different kinds of life goals

21 And that would be all, I guess!

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