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Immigration, TR, and the Progressive Movement. Immigration.

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Presentation on theme: "Immigration, TR, and the Progressive Movement. Immigration."— Presentation transcript:

1 Immigration, TR, and the Progressive Movement

2 Immigration

3 Old Immigrants Between 1840-1870 Came from –Northern Europe –Western Europe included Germans, Scandinavians, Irish often became farmers

4 New Immigrants Between 1870-1924 Came from: –Southern Europe –Eastern Europe –Japan and China included Poland, Italy, Russia found jobs in cities; factories created ethnic neighborhoods

5 Ports of Entry 1. Ellis Island The Golden Door New York Harbor long inspection in order to enter U.S. about 2% were sent back as many as 11,000 people entered in 1 day many experienced culture shock

6 Ports of Entry 2. Angel Island San Francisco Bay more harsh than Ellis Island long detention process until govt allowed them in

7 Melting Pot? Better comparison?

8 Urbanization

9 1. Positives Skyscrapers were built –Why?

10 Mass Transit –Cable cars, trolleys, subways

11 Jobs

12 2. Negatives Crime –Alcohol contributed to this

13 Pollution –Disease spread through drinking water Over crowding –Dumbbell tenements


15 Political machines –Took advantage of citizens –Lots of corruption

16 Urban Reform 1.Helping the poor - YMCA, Salvation Army, settlement houses established - Jane Addams (Hull House) 2.Attacking Political Machines - Thomas Nast (political cartoons)

17 Political Machines 3-tiered system: A. Party Boss - controlled politicians and governed the machine B. District Captains - mobilized local support C. Party Loyalists - supported the machine w/ votes in return for services


19 Fads, Trends, and Developments

20 1. City Planning

21 2. Airplanes Wright Brothers Kitty Hawk, NC

22 3. Electrified Transportation Subways, elevated trains, streetcars

23 4. Photography Kodak camera

24 5. Education illiteracy rate cut high schools grew racial divide Tuskegee Institute formed Booker T. Washingon

25 6. Leisure activities biking amusement parks

26 Coca-Cola and Hershey

27 Boxing and baseball

28 Vaudeville Ragtime music Scott Joplin

29 movies The Great Train Robbery department stores Marshall Fields advertising mail order catalogs

30 Fads, Trends, and Developments


32 Discrimination

33 1. Segregation

34 Voting Restrictions Literacy tests and poll taxes in the South Grandfather Clause

35 Jim Crow laws Separate public facilities for whites and blacks

36 Plessy v. Ferguson Supreme Court case that legalized segregation

37 2. Nativism Anti-immigrant Jobs were being taken?

38 Progressivism 4 goals of Progressivism: Protecting social welfare Promoting moral reform Creating economic reform Improving efficiency

39 Key Figures of the Reform Movement worksheet

40 Square Deal worksheet


42 Election of 1912 Wilson Taft Roosevelt

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